Yale Scientists Breach Brain Barriers to Attack Tumors
The brain is a sort of fortress, equipped with barriers designed to keep out dangerous pathogens. But protection comes at a cost: These barriers interfere with the immune system when faced with dire threats such glioblastoma, a deadly brain tumor for which there are few effective treatments.
Brain Scans, Aided by Artificial Intelligence, Reveal as Much About Us as Our DNA, Evan Morris Says.
“Brain scans, aided by artificial intelligence, reveal as much about us as our DNA,” Evan Morris recently wrote in an op-ed in Wired magazine. “Grappling with their ethical implications is vital to scientific integrity.”
Save the Dates: Kavli Institute for Neuroscience Two-day Symposium: "Cell Biology of Parkinson's Disease Genes" on April 28-29
The Kavli Institute for Neuroscience is organizing a two-day symposium, "Cell Biology of Parkinson’s Disease Genes," April 28-29, 2020. Registration required by the end of January.
Mammals’ Enhanced Capacity to See Emerges Early in Development
All vertebrates possess a primitive network in which the retina sends signals directly to the superior colliculus, an area of the brain that processes visual stimuli. In a more recently evolved pathway, signals from the retina are received in the thalamus and are relayed to the cortex, the brain’s seat of higher-order thinking.
Colón-Ramos named McConnell Duberg Associate Professor
Daniel A. Colón-Ramos, PhD, recently appointed as Dorys McConnell Duberg Associate Professor of Neuroscience and Cell Biology, focuses his research on how synapses are formed and maintained to control behavior and store memories. Colón-Ramos’ discoveries have altered long-held views on the process and may offer important clues in the fight against disease.
Picciotto to be Recognized with Marion Spencer Fay Award
The Institute for Women’s Health and Leadership of Drexel University College of Medicine will award its 2020 Marion Spencer Fay Award to Marina Picciotto, PhD, Charles B.G. Murphy Professor of Psychiatry and Professor in the Child Study Center, of Neuroscience and of Pharmacology at Yale School of Medicine.
A Perfect Day for a Zebrafish
The gargantuan microscope is being built, dedicated to the study of tiny organisms—zebrafish. Ellen Hoffman, MD, PhD ’14, assistant professor in the Child Study Center and of neuroscience, will use this microscope to perform whole-brain functional imaging in zebrafish to better understand the function of genes that increase the risk of autism.
Yale Designated as Parkinson’s Foundation Research Center
Yale School of Medicine been designated as one of four Parkinson’s Foundation Research Centers, the foundation announced July 30. The Parkinson’s Foundation awarded each center $2 million over five years “to drive innovative research developments and advance Parkinson’s disease research towards a cure.”
Parkinson’s Disease Study Identifies Possible New Treatment Target
Treatments for Parkinson’s disease have most recently focused on increasing dopamine, a chemical messenger in the brain that affects reward-based behaviors and motivation, as well as movement. A new study by Yale researchers challenges long-held assumptions about dopamine’s sole role in this disorder.
Gracheva Receives Presidential Early Career Award
Elena Gracheva, PhD, associate professor of cellular and molecular physiology and of neuroscience, has been awarded the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers (PECASE). The White House announced its complete list of recipients, including two additional Yale faculty members, on July 2.
The Secret of Autobiographical Memory is in Assembly of Cells
Of all forms of memory, episodic memory is the most intimate. We recall the sequences of events that happen to us — a marriage, a visit to a foreign country, a personal achievement — in great autobiographical detail. But scientists have disagreed about the most important elements the brain uses to encode these episodes and consolidate them during sleep. A group of Yale scientists, however, reports that it is the size and shape of neuronal assemblies — not the strength of signals processed by neurons or the order in which neurons fire — that are the most crucial elements in our ability to record past events.