Rick Altice, MD, MA

Professor of Medicine (Infectious Diseases) and of Epidemiology (Microbial Diseases); Director, Clinical and Community Research; Director, HIV in Prisons Program; Director, Community Health Care Van; Academic Icon Professor of Medicine, University of Malaya-Centre of Excellence for Research in AIDS (CERiA)

Research Departments & Organizations

School of Public Health: Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS | Epidemiology of Microbial Diseases

Internal Medicine: Infectious Diseases: Clinical & Community Research (YCCR)

Yale Institute for Global Health

Global Health Studies

Office of Cooperative Research

Research Interests

Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome; AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections; Behavioral Medicine; Chemicals and Drugs; Cognitive Therapy; Community Medicine; Community-Based Participatory Research; Epidemiology; Global Health; Health Care; Health Status Disparities; Healthcare Disparities; Hepatitis, Viral, Human; HIV Infections; Infectious Disease Medicine; Social Medicine

Research Summary

My focus of research has broadly been on the interface between infectious diseases and substance use disorders, with additional interests in research in community, criminal justice and clinical care settings. As a clinical epidemiologist, health services and intervention researcher, has created novel programs for the treatment of HIV, HCV, and tuberculosis in vulnerable populations, including injection drug users and prison inmates. Specifically, has been an international leader in research related to adherence to antiretroviral therapy, particularly among HIV+ drug users, and has made considerable inroads into novel approaches using directly administered antiretroviral therapy and other structural interventions to facilitate adherence both nationally and internationally.

I am currently leading a number of studies that bridge the gap between the correctional and community setting, specifically on the use of directly observed antiretroviral therapy and medication-assisted therapy for the treatment of substance use disorders. Current research includes methadone and buprenorphine as primary and secondary HIV prevention, directly administered antiretroviral therapy, peer-driven interventions, secondary prevention among drug users and prisoners, medication-assisted therapies for the treatment of substance use disorders using methadone, buprenorphine and naltrexone. International research projects are currently underway in Malaysia, Indonesia, Ukraine, Russia and Argentina.

Implementation science is a key element of the current research, specifically how and why evidence-based interventions (e.g, HIV treatment, PrEP, HIV Prevention, HCV treatment, opioid agonist therapies) are introduced and scaled to need. Such studies are underway in a number of settings.

Specialized Terms: Interface between infectious diseases and substance abuse; HIV, HCV, and tuberculosis treatment in vulnerable populations (including injection drug users and prison inmates); Antiretroviral therapy; extended release naltrexone, buprenorphine and methadone treatment in management of co-morbid conditions; Healthcare integration; Adherence interventions; Behavioral interventions; Implementation Science; Decision Science; mHealth strategies

Extensive Research Description

Frederick L. Altice is a professor of medicine, epidemiology and public health. He is a clinical epidemiologist and intervention researcher at Yale University School of Medicine. Dr. Altice's primary research examines the relationship between infectious diseases and substance use disorders. His work has also focused on the criminal justice system, examining linkages between the community and correctional settings. Specific topics include; substance use disorders including opioids, stimulants and alcohol use disorders on HIV treatment outcomes and healthcare integration strategies. He has been a pioneer in the creation and evaluation of innovative strategies to engage HIV-infected drug users in care as well as develop strategies to facilitate adherence to antiretroviral medications. He is developing and creating methods to assess health services integration as a means to promote improved health outcomes, especially for HIV, viral hepatitis, tuberculosis, mental illness and substance use disorders. Additionally, his research seeks to understand the relationship of medication-assisted therapies, such as methadone, buprenorphine and extended-release naltrexone and its role in primary and secondary HIV prevention. His research projects extend internationally in the United States, Malaysia, Peru, Ukraine, Russia, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and Argentina.

Dr. Altice received his M.D. at Emory University. He is the Academic Icon Professor of Medicine at the University of Malaya in Kuala Lumpur where he conducts research in collaboration with colleagues at the Centre of Excellence on Research in AIDS and the Centre of Addiction Studies. He has been the principal investigator of several projects for the National Institute on Drug Abuse, National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Agency, the Health Services Resource Agency's Special Projects of National Significance and Center for Substance Abuse Treatment.


  1. Prison Interventions and HIV Prevention Collaboration in Ukraine: To develop and test HIV prevention and treatment interventions using implementation research techniques in the criminal justice system and in several other countries in Eastern Europe and Central Asia (Ukraine, Moldova, Armenia, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan). Funding: NIDA. Principal Investigator: Altice
  2. Integrating Methadone, HIV and TB treatment into Primary Care Settings in Ukraine: This type II implementation science, step-wedge, cluster, randomized controlled trial using an implementation science strategy compares quality health indicators for patient randomized to treatment with methadone in addiction specialty care settings (control) with methadone in primary care settings with or without pay-for-performance incentives. Implementation will be provided through Project ECHO-like collaborative learning models to provides a collaborative learning environment to make primary care clinicians competent at treatment with methadone, and provide HIV and TB treatment. Cost-effectiveness analyses included.
  3. Expanding Medication-Assisted Therapies in Ukraine: This implementation science study uses both quantitative and quantitative surveys of PWID and physicians/nurses followed by coaching using the NIATx treatment improvement model to increase entry and retention on OAT.
  4. MEDIUM: This Type II hybrid implementation science study uses a cluster, randomized trial of 36 sites in Ukraine to compare the outcomes on depression outcomes in addiction treatment centers of deploying a SBIRT strategy for patients with opioid use disorder and co-morbid depression. The three arms are standard of care, SBIRT or SBIRT using a pay-for-performance strategy. Both of the SBIRT arms receive facilitation using Project ECHO-like collaborating learning models. Funding: NIDA (Altice, MPI).
  5. Project Harapan II: This is a study of HIV/TB infection in prisons in Malaysia to identify the most optimal strategy for screening for TB in this setting, to conduct a RCT of prevention of latent TB infection comparing 26 weeks of daily isoniazid vs 12 weeks of weekly isoniazid/rifapentine, and a RCT of HIV/TB patients with opioid dependence who are transitioning to the community who will be randomized to a preference trial comparing implantable naltrexone vs methadone vs no medication-assisted therapy. Cost-effectiveness and TB prevention modeling will be conducted.
  6. NIDA R01 HD075630 Title: ART Adherence and Secondary Prevention of HIV. Description: To conduct a RCT using contingency management (CM) verus CM + direct video observation among HIV+ patients with problematic adherence. Funding: NIDA. Co-investigator: Altice (PI: Petry).
  7. NIDA R01 DA032290 (Copenhaver, PI; Altice, Co-I) 04/11/12 – 03/31/17 Title: Secondary HIV Prevention and Adherence Among Drug Users. Description: RCT comparative effectiveness trial to test the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of an adapted, brief, version of an evidence-based intervention (EBI) called Holistic Health for HIV (3H+) vs. the original EBI -- Holistic Health Recovery Program for HIV+ drug users (HHRP+). Funding: NIDA.Principal Investigator: Altice.
  8. mHealth: Special Project of National Significance: mHEALTH: Medical Home Engagement and Aligning Lifestyles and Transition from Homelessness Description: To create a new innovative model of managing complex HIV+ patients with mental illness and homelessness. Funding: HRSA; Principal Investigator: Altice.
  9. Project SMART: This is a pilot feasibility study comparing a control condition (medication monitoring) versus automated text reminders and automated text reminders plus nurse-based counseling in HIV+ patients with cocaine use disorders with the outcome being ART adherence. Funding: NIDA.Principal Investigator: Altice.
  10. Modeling HIV/HCV Transition Dynamics of Injection Networks of PWID. This study uses data from over 500 PWID and their 2500 individuals in their injection network. Modeling will include identification of the most effective strategy to use treatment as prevention with or without various HIV prevention (OAT / NSP) strategies. Funding: NIDA.Principal Investigator: Altice.
  11. Exploring the Within Prison Risk Environment and HIV Transmission in Kyrgyzstan: This study will use qualitative surveys of opioid dependent prisoners with and without HIV and examine how the risk environment as prisoners transition to the community. Funding: NIDA.Principal Investigator: Meyer (Altice, Co-I).


  1. Alcohol Pharmacotherapies Among Released Prisoners: Randomized, placebo-controlled trial of depot-naltrexone for HIV+ prisoners with alcohol dependence who are transitioning to the community. Funding: NIAAA. Principal Investigators: Altice and Springer
  2. HIV, Buprenorphine, and the Criminal Justice System. Placebo, RCT of buprenorphine among HIV+, opioid dependent pretrial detainees in DC. Funding: NIDA. Principal Investigator: Altice
  3. Naltrexone for Opioid Dependent Released HIV+ Criminal Justice Populations: Multisite, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of depot NTX among HIV+, opioid dependent released prisoners. Funding: NIDA. Principal Investigators: Altice and Springer.
  4. Project Harapan I: 2x2 Randomized controlled trial of methadone maintenance and Holistic Health Recovery Project among HIV+ prisoners with opioid dependence in Malaysia. Funding: NIDA. Principal Investigator: Altice
  5. EnhanceLink: This is a Special Project of National Significance to develop and evaluate evidence-based models for integrating substance abuse treatment and contingency management into a comprehensive jail-release program. The program utilizes buprenorphine treatment as a conduit to care. Funding: HRSA Principal Investigator: Altice
  6. Choices: This program builds on our previous SAMHSA work where we developed the first mobile buprenorphine induction and stabilization program in the country. In this project, we target our buprenorphine expansion for released prisoners with or at risk for HIV/AIDS. We also integrate other evidence-based interventions as part of the expansion and enhancement of services.
  7. AHORA-L: Title: HIV Testing and Treatment to prevent onward HIV Transmission among high-risk MSM in Peru. This RCT compares HIV treatment outcomes (viral suppression and ART adherence) in newly diagnosed HIV+ MSM with alcohol use disorders and newly initiating ART over 12 months. (PI: Duerr, Co-I: Altice - Protocol Chair: Altice.


  • Studies of Alcohol and Drug Use Among MSM in Peru Lima, Peru (2011 - 2016)

    Biobehavioral Surveys, RCTs of XR-NTX among HIV+ MSM with alcohol use disorders and RCTs of early vs late initiation of ART among newly seroconverted MSM. This is a Fogarty International Global Health Equity Scholars site.

  • HIV, Opioid, Substance abuse, Malaysia Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (2010)

    Intervention of HIV, Drug Use and the Criminal Justice System in Malaysia

  • HIV, Tuberculosis and Drug Dependence In Iran Iran (2009)

    This involves three projects: 1. HIV and TB Coinfection Among Drug Users in Iran 2. Treatment for Opioid Dependence Among Individuals with HIV or TB 3. Prisoners and Methadone Maintenance.

  • Opioid Dependence and HIV in Malaysia Malaysia (2009)

    In 2005, the Malaysian government changed its policies toward substance abuse by implementing syringe exchange programs and methadone maintenance programs. Professor Altice has been a consultant in developing and evaluating the new policies and have since begun several different studies in Malaysia...

  • Infectious Diseases and Addiction Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (2005)

    Funded Research Activities with Centre of Excellence in Research on AIDS (CERiA). Projects are extensive and include epidemiological studies with vulnerable populations including prisoners, female sex workers, men who have sex with men and people who inject drugs. Current studies also include...

  • HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis and Addiction Ukraine (2005)

    Technical Assistance and Research, Developed integrated health care delivery system, Rolled out buprenorphine and methadone

  • Opioid Dependence and HIV in Ukraine Ukraine (2005)

    Since 2005, Professor Altice have trained the physicians on treatment of opioid dependence, HIV and tuberculosis. Specifically, in collaboration with his Ukrainian colleagues, They introduced the first pilot buprenorphine treatment programs in the country. They are now participating in the...

Selected Publications

See list of PubMed publications

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Contact Info

Rick Altice, MD, MA
Lab Location
Yale Center for Clinical and Community Research Office270 Congress Avenue
New Haven, CT 06519
Office Location
Yale University AIDS Program135 College Street, Ste Suite 323
New Haven, CT 06510
Mailing Address
135 College Street
Suite 323

New Haven, CT 06510-2283