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INFORMATION FOR

Nicola Hawley, PhD

Associate Professor of Epidemiology (Chronic Diseases); Affiliated Faculty, Yale Institute for Global Health

Research Summary

My research focuses on the impact of obesity on maternal and early childhood health. I work primarily with Pacific Islander populations – in the Pacific Islands and in Pacific communities in the US - who are consistently identified as the population most at risk of adverse, obesity-related health outcomes globally. Methodologically, I employ a life-course approach that utilizes cross-sectional, prospective cohort, and randomized controlled trial designs to address questions of causality and identify critical periods of susceptibility/ideal moments for intervention. I use mixed-methods approaches - combining quantitative and qualitative data - and strongly advocate for community-engaged approaches to research, intervention, and development of health policy.

I have ongoing projects and collaborations in American Samoa, Samoa, South Africa, Uganda, the US and several other global settings.

Specialized Terms: global non-communicable disease, obesity, diabetes, maternal and child health, pregnancy health, infant feeding, prenatal care

Coauthors

Research Interests

Diabetes Mellitus; Hypertension; Maternal Health Services; Maternal-Child Health Centers; Obesity; Pregnancy; Prenatal Care; Global Health; Samoa; American Samoa

Public Health Interests

Community Health; Genetics, Genomics, Epigenetics; Global Health; Maternal & Child Health; Nutrition; Obesity; Reproduction; Health Equity, Disparities, Social Determinants and Justice

Research Images

Selected Publications

  • 1108-P: Care Cascade Engagement and Characteristics of Diabetes Awareness in Adult Samoans in 2010 and 2018RIVARA A, RUSSELL E, VIALI S, REUPENA M, NASERI T, POMER A, MINSTER R, WEEKS D, MCGARVEY S, HAWLEY N. 1108-P: Care Cascade Engagement and Characteristics of Diabetes Awareness in Adult Samoans in 2010 and 2018 Diabetes 2021, 70 DOI: 10.2337/db21-1108-p.
  • Evaluating the feasibility and effectiveness of self-monitoring of health among Samoan women: a randomized trialKocher E, Desai M, Rivara A, Naseri T, Hawley N. Evaluating the feasibility and effectiveness of self-monitoring of health among Samoan women: a randomized trial Pacific Health Dialog 2020, 21: 309-318. DOI: 10.26635/phd.2020.636.
  • Determinants, effects, and coping strategies for low-yield periods of harvest: a qualitative study in two communities in Nunavut, CanadaGilbert S, Walsh D, Levy S, Maksagak B, Milton M, Ford J, Hawley N, Dubrow R. Determinants, effects, and coping strategies for low-yield periods of harvest: a qualitative study in two communities in Nunavut, Canada Food Security 2020, 13: 157-179. DOI: 10.1007/s12571-020-01112-0.
  • An Exploratory Study of the Gaps and Barriers to Nutrition Education for Pregnant Women in Tamale, GhanaAyande R, Otoo G, Rousham E, Hawley N, Carbone E. An Exploratory Study of the Gaps and Barriers to Nutrition Education for Pregnant Women in Tamale, Ghana Current Developments In Nutrition 2020, 4: 937-937. PMCID: PMC7258329, DOI: 10.1093/cdn/nzaa054_009.
  • Self-care practices and needs in patients with hypertension, diabetes, or both in rural Uganda: a mixed-methods studyTusubira A, Nalwadda C, Akiteng A, Armstrong-Hough M, Hsieh E, Ngaruiya C, Rabin T, Hawley N, Lipska K, Kalyesubula R, Ssinabulya I, Schwartz J. Self-care practices and needs in patients with hypertension, diabetes, or both in rural Uganda: a mixed-methods study The Lancet Global Health 2020, 8: s19. DOI: 10.1016/s2214-109x(20)30160-1.
  • Development of a discrete choice experiment to understand patient preferences for diabetes and hypertension management in rural UgandaMoor S, Tusubira A, Akiteng A, Hsieh E, Ngaruiya C, Rabin T, Hawley N, Lipska K, Armstrong-Hough M, Nalwadda C, Nugent R, Kalyesubula R, Ssinabulya I, Schwartz J. Development of a discrete choice experiment to understand patient preferences for diabetes and hypertension management in rural Uganda The Lancet Global Health 2020, 8: s22. DOI: 10.1016/s2214-109x(20)30163-7.
  • Maternal Urinary Concentrations of Organophosphate Flame Retardant MetabolitesK C, N H, A C, N J, R F, P H, L G, K K, S M, M P, D S, J B, E W, M R. Maternal Urinary Concentrations of Organophosphate Flame Retardant Metabolites Environmental Epidemiology 2019, 3: 84. DOI: 10.1097/01.ee9.0000606596.58954.42.
  • 0776 A Behavioral Intervention to Enhance Sleep in School-Aged Children: Moderation by Child RoutinesGebre A, Hawley N, Carskadon M, Raynor H, Jelalian E, Owens J, Wing R, Hart C. 0776 A Behavioral Intervention to Enhance Sleep in School-Aged Children: Moderation by Child Routines Sleep 2019, 42: a311-a312. DOI: 10.1093/sleep/zsz067.774.
  • Breastfeeding and body sizeHawley N, Gorrepati P. Breastfeeding and body size 2017, 83-96. DOI: 10.4324/9781315145129-6.
  • Effects of long-term sedentary behaviour on the cortical bone mass and distribution during growth: The HAPPY bone studyDuckham R, Rantalainen T, Rodda C, Timperio A, Hawley N, Hesketh K. Effects of long-term sedentary behaviour on the cortical bone mass and distribution during growth: The HAPPY bone study Bone Abstracts 2017 DOI: 10.1530/boneabs.6.lb10.
  • 0993 SLEEP INTERVENTION IMPROVES SELF-CONTROL IN SCHOOL-AGED CHILDRENSpaeth A, Hawley N, Carskadon M, Raynor H, Jelalian E, Owens J, Wing R, Hart C. 0993 SLEEP INTERVENTION IMPROVES SELF-CONTROL IN SCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN Sleep 2017, 40: a369-a369. DOI: 10.1093/sleepj/zsx050.992.
  • 0995 BRIEF BEHAVIORAL INTERVENTION ENHANCES CHILDREN’S SLEEP AND IMPROVES WEIGHT STATUSHart C, Hawley N, Egleston B, Raynor H, Jelalian E, Carskadon M, Owens J, Wing R. 0995 BRIEF BEHAVIORAL INTERVENTION ENHANCES CHILDREN’S SLEEP AND IMPROVES WEIGHT STATUS Sleep 2017, 40: a370-a370. DOI: 10.1093/sleepj/zsx050.994.
  • Exploring Knowledge and Attitudes toward Non-Communicable Diseases among Village Health Teams in Eastern Uganda: A Cross-sectional Mixed Methods StudyOjo T, Hawley N, Desai M, Guwatudde D, Schwartz J. Exploring Knowledge and Attitudes toward Non-Communicable Diseases among Village Health Teams in Eastern Uganda: A Cross-sectional Mixed Methods Study Annals Of Global Health 2017, 83: 180. DOI: 10.1016/j.aogh.2017.03.408.
  • The growing threat of non-communicable disease to pregnancy healthHawley N. The growing threat of non-communicable disease to pregnancy health Pacific Journal Of Reproductive Health 2016, 1 DOI: 10.18313/pjrh.2016.909.
  • Variability and Predictors of Urinary Concentrations of Replacement Flame Retardants among Pregnant WomenRomano* M, Calafat A, Eliot M, Hawley N, Jayatilaka N, Kelsey K, McGarvey S, Phipps M, Savitz D, Werner E, Braun J. Variability and Predictors of Urinary Concentrations of Replacement Flame Retardants among Pregnant Women ISEE Conference Abstracts 2016, 2016 DOI: 10.1289/isee.2016.3120.
  • An evaluation of gestational diabetes mellitus screening practices in American SamoaFreeman J, Thompson K, Muasau-Howard B, Ah Ching J, McGarvey S, Hawley N. An evaluation of gestational diabetes mellitus screening practices in American Samoa Pacific Journal Of Reproductive Health 2015, 1: 68. DOI: 10.18313/pjrh.2015.914.
  • Hospital practices and concerns about infant satiety are barriers to exclusive breastfeeding in American SamoaHawley N, Holmdahl I, Strait E, Freeman J, Muasau-Howard B, To'oto'o-Solaita A, McGarvey S. Hospital practices and concerns about infant satiety are barriers to exclusive breastfeeding in American Samoa Pacific Journal Of Reproductive Health 2015, 1 DOI: 10.18313/pjrh.2015.905.
  • Should the UK use WHO growth charts?Cameron N, Hawley N. Should the UK use WHO growth charts? Paediatrics And Child Health 2010, 20: 151-156. DOI: 10.1016/j.paed.2009.11.001.