Parental Birth Abnormalities and Offspring’s Autism Linked
In a study of medical registry records of nearly 400,000 parent-child pairs from Denmark, a Yale School of Public Health study found that parents who themselves born very prematurely are nearly twice as likely to have children with autism spectrum disorder.
Study: Accuracy of Five Self‐Report Screening Instruments for Substance Use in Pregnancy
Nearly one-fourth of pregnant women report having used alcohol, tobacco, or other substances in the past month, yet current screening questionnaires used by physicians may not accurately identify many of them. Kimberly A. Yonkers, MD, Professor of Psychiatry, of Epidemiology (Chronic Diseases) and of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Services at Yale School of Medicine, was the senior researcher among investigators across three universities who compared results of five commonly used questionnaires against laboratory testing.
MOMS Partnership® listed as a top 'Two-Gen' strategy in nation
Ascend at the Aspen Institute – a leader in identifying and cultivating transformational approaches to family well-being by focusing on parents and children simultaneously – released a report June 14 that identifies the MOMS Partnership® as one of the most effective two-generation interventions in the country.
Many Women in Low-Income Areas Have Poor Access to Obstetric and Neonatal Care, Study Finds
A research team led by the Yale School of Public Health has found that many pregnant women in low-income areas have to travel farther than their peers to reach the nearest hospitals to deliver their babies-and the gap in accessible health care appears to be growing.
Yale study: Violence declines during intensive PTSD treatment
Combat veterans diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) experienced declines in violent behavior while undergoing treatment in an intensive Veterans Health Administration (VHA) PTSD program, according to a new study by Yale Department of Psychiatry faculty published online in the journal Psychiatric Services.
Opportunities to vaccinate young women against HPV missed at alarming rate
en aged 18-26 who were eligible to receive Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) vaccine have missed at least one opportunity to receive the vaccine during a visit to an obstetrics and gynecology clinic, Yale researchers report. This study also confirms previous research showing racial disparities in vaccination for HPV: Women who identify as black are 61% more likely have had a missed opportunity than women who identify as white. These findings are published in the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. HPV is a well-known cause of pre-cancerous cervical lesions, which, if untreated, could develop into cervical cancer. Immunization against HPV has been shown to be safe and effective in preventing these pre-cancerous lesions. The two-dose HPV vaccine is recommended for administration to It is recommended that girls ages 11-12 receive the two-dose HPV vaccine, and that those through age 26 receive the three-dose vaccination for “catch-up.”
Low Levels of Vitamin B12 in Pregnancy May Increase the Risk of Preterm Birth, Study Finds
Nutrition during pregnancy affects the growing fetus, and identifying appropriate nutritional supplementation in pregnancy has been a hot topic for decades. Vitamin B12 is an essential nutritional component found only in animal-derived products like meat, milk and eggs. Low intake of such products increases the risk of vitamin B12 deficiency. The proportion of pregnant women with vitamin B12 deficiency ranges from a small percentage in some Western countries, like Norway, to over two thirds in developing countries, such as India. In a newly published paper, all previous studies on effects of vitamin B12 levels in pregnancy were evaluated and their results pooled in a meta study. The question asked was whether vitamin B12 deficiency during pregnancy was harmful for the fetus?
Premature Adult Death Identified in Individuals Born Preterm
Almost one in 10 people worldwide are born preterm. It’s known that premature birth is associated with a higher of risk of mortality in early childhood, but now Yale School of Public Health researchers and Norwegian colleagues have assessed the relationship between gestational age at birth and early adult mortality, and determined that there is a heightened risk.
Study Links Depression During Pregnancy, Risky Postpartum Sexual Behavior
Depression is one of the most common complications of pregnancy, but the focus is typically on postpartum depression. Now, the Yale School of Public Health has found that among young, urban women of color, depressive symptoms can start during pregnancy and can be a precursor to risky sexual behavior after a baby is born.
Multiple births don’t have to be an inevitable result of fertility treatments
While fertility treatments have helped many people become parents, they commonly result in multiple births, increasing the risk of prematurity, and leading to lifelong complications. But this doesn’t have to be the case, according to Yale School of Medicine researchers and their colleagues, who recommend sweeping changes to policy and clinical practice in a study published in the April issue of Fertility & Sterility.