Richard Schottenfeld, MD

Senior Research Scientist

Research Departments & Organizations

Psychiatry: Connecticut Mental Health Center | Division of Addictions | Psychotherapy Development Center | Substance Abuse Research

Center for Interdisciplinary Research on AIDS

Yale Institute for Global Health

Global Health Studies

Office of Cooperative Research

Research Interests

Alcoholism; Behavioral Medicine; Buprenorphine; Chronic Pain; Methadone; Opioid-Related Disorders; Substance-Related Disorders

Research Summary

My research is aimed at improving the efficacy, accessibility and availability of addictions treatment (primarily focusing on heroin or other opioid dependence, stimulant abuse, and chronic pain) in the United States and internationally. We generally develop and investigate new treatments through clinical trials.

Specialized Terms: Addictions; Behavioral Treatments; Buprenorphine; Methadone; Opioid Dependence; Alcohol Dependence; Stimulant Abuse; Chronic Pain

Extensive Research Description

My research is aimed at: 1. improving the efficacy of opioid agonist maintenance treatment through investigations of alternatives to methadone for maintenance treatment (e.g., buprenorphine), investigations of adjunctive behavioral (e.g., behavioral drug and HIV risk reduction counseling, BDRC) and pharmacological (e.g., disulfiram) treatments, and developing integrated treatments for co-occurring disorders (co-occurring stimulant abuse or co-occurring chronic pain) for opioid dependent individuals; 2. improving the accessibility and effectiveness of opioid dependence treatment by integrating it in office-based and primary care settings; and 3. expanding opioid dependence treatment and clinical research in international settings (with current projects in Malaysia, Iran, and China). My work on buprenorphine maintenance treatment illustrates the progression of my research. My initial work focused on comparing the efficacy of buprenorphine and methadone for patients with co-occurring cocaine and opioid dependence. Subsequent studies evaluated adjunctive behavioral and pharmacological treatments to improve the effectiveness of buprenorphine maintenance treatment for patients with co-occurring cocaine and opioid dependence and also investigated the effectiveness of buprenorphine maintenance treatment in office-based and primary care settings and strategies for improving its effectiveness in those settings. The studies in office-based and primary care settings, the high prevalence and adverse consequences of chronic pain among opioid dependent patients treated in primary care settings, and the potential advantages of using buprenorphine to treat co-occurring chronic pain and opioid dependence (POD) in these settings led to our current studies aimed at evaluating buprenorphine for POD and at evaluating integrated behavioral treatments for POD. Our studies in primary care settings and physician offices also led to our research aimed at interventions for and treatment of cocaine dependent women identified in prenatal clinics and to our current studies of buprenorphine maintenance treatment in Iran, Malaysia, and China.

  • Combining Behavioral Treatments with Opioid Agonist Maintenance Treatment: In studies in Malaysia, Iran and China, we are evaluating the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of behavioral drug and HIV risk reduction counseling when provided along with methadone or buprenorphine maintenance treatment.
  • Pain and Opioid Dependence: We are evaluating buprenorphine treatment and integrated pain and opioid dependence behavioral therapy for patients with co-occurring chronic pain and opioid dependence.

Activities

  • Malaysia, Iran, HIV, Drug abuse, Opioid, Cocaine Malaysia (2010)

    Improving Efficacy of Drug Abuse Treatment

  • Malaysia, Heroin, HIV Malaysia (2010)

    Drug Counseling and Abstinent-Contingent Take Home Buprenorphine in Malaysia

  • Opioid dependence Wuhan, China (2007 - 2014)

    We have developed a program of clinical research aimed at evaluating, improving and disseminating cost-effective treatments for heroin or other opioid dependence in Malaysia, Iran, and China.

  • Opioid dependence Tehran, Iran (2003 - 2012)

    We have developed a program of clinical research aimed at evaluating, improving and disseminating cost-effective treatments for heroin or other opioid dependence in Malaysia, Iran, and China.

  • Opioid Dependence Muar, Malaysia (2001 - 2014)

    We have developed a program of clinical research aimed at evaluating, improving and disseminating cost-effective treatments for heroin or other opioid dependence in Malaysia, Iran, and China.

Selected Publications

See list of PubMed publications

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