Future Data Scientists and Biomedical Informatics Researchers Will Be Trained in Master’s Program at Yale
Yale School of Medicine’s master’s degree program in Computational Biology and Bioinformatics (CBB), with a new biomedical informatics & data science concentration, seeks to train graduates in biomedical sciences, engineering, and computer science.
Teenage Brain Development Study Forecasts Drinking Behavior by Sex
Researchers sorted through a massive MRI dataset of teenage brains to see if they could predict drinking behavior in adolescents by looking at how two systems rewire during development. The study revealed that the way inhibitory and reward pathways develop can help forecast how likely those teens are to drink heavily in the years to come.
Mitochondrial Function: Beyond Serving as the ‘Powerhouse of the Cell’
A new study shows that mitochondria help determine what undifferentiated cells in a growing embryo eventually will become. The study reveals a new underlying biological mechanism of mitochondrial metabolism and has important implications for treating diseases such as cancer.
Peripheral Artery Disease Is Poorly Understood—And Yale Researchers Are Striving for Answers
PAD deserves attention for various reasons, including the fact that people who have the condition are more likely to experience a heart attack or stroke. Risk factors for PAD are wide-ranging. People who have diabetes, high blood pressure, elevated cholesterol, or atherosclerosis are among those at increased risk for the condition. Current smoking is linked to a two- to three-fold increase in risk.
Yale Scientists Reveal Two Paths to Autism in the Developing Brain
Two distinct abnormalities that arise just weeks after the start of brain development have been associated with the emergence of autism spectrum disorder. The study was co-led by Alexandre Jourdon, Feinan Wu, and Jessica Mariani, all from the Kavli Institute affiliated lab of Flora Vaccarino at Yale School of Medicine.Source: YaleNews
Screening Mammograms Carry Risks for Older Women, Study Finds
Although some guidelines recommend continuing screening for older women, this new study emphasizes the importance of assessing potential harms associated with testing, such as overdiagnosis, which, researchers say, can negatively affect quality of life.
Women With Endometriosis Also Genetically Predisposed to Depression, Anxiety, and Eating Disorders
The largest epidemiological study to date on the psychiatric factors that can accompany endometriosis has demonstrated that depression, anxiety, and eating disorders are not only a result of the chronic pain endometriosis generates, but also have their own underlying genetic mechanisms.
Taming the Self-Destructive Tendencies of Killer T Cells Used to Treat Cancer
Many engineered T cells become tainted with the remnants of cancer antigens, which causes them to turn against other T cells. This eventually depletes the body of cancer-fighting cells and opens the door for a recurrence of cancer. A new Yale study, however, has identified a way to tame the self-destructive tendencies of these killer T cells.Source: YaleNews
Cellular “Fingerprint” May Offer Early Warning of Cancer Risk
Scientists knew there was a link between aging and cancer but had little understanding of the key features of aging that may translate to cancer risk. A new Yale study explores a “fingerprint” in cells associated with cancer and aging to better understand if researchers can predict who is most susceptible to cancer.