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Martha Howard, MD

Associate Professor of Ophthalmology & Visual Science; Director, Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus, Ophthalmology and Visual Science

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Martha Howard, MD

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Dr. Howard graduated from Duke University with an AB in Biology and then completed her medical degree at Brown University. While a medical student she was awarded a March of Dimes fellowship to do research at the Whitehead Institute, an affiliate of MIT. An internship in internal medicine at Salem Hospital was followed by an ophthalmology residency at the Yale School of Medicine where she was Chief Resident and was awarded the Marvin Sears Award for Clinical excellence in Ophthalmology in 1991. After a Retina fellowship at the Massachusetts Eye and Ear Infirmary, she practiced for several years as a retina surgeon. Subsequently she completed a second fellowship in Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus at Duke University. She is a Principal Investigator for studies in the Pediatric Eye Disease Investigator Group, serves on the Executive Board of the Connecticut Society of Eye Physicians, and is a Liaison for the Status of Women in Medicine at the Yale School of Medicine. She is a Fellow of the American Academy of Ophthalmology and member of the American Association of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. Dr. Howard believes educating the next generation of physicians is as important as clinical practice, reflected by teaching Yale medical students for many years and serving as a Clinical Instructor at the Cornell Scott-Hill Health Center for Yale ophthalmology residents from 2005-2016 prior to joining the Department of Ophthalmology. In addition, she has been an invited lecturer and surgeon in Fujairah, United Arab Emirates, and volunteer strabismus surgeon in Quito, Ecuador. She is driven to help children achieve their best visual potential to succeed in their lives by treating patients with amblyopia, genetic disorders, eyelid capillary hemangiomas, performing procedures for blocked tear ducts and dermoid cysts, and surgical correction of strabismus in children. She is also compelled to help adults regain their independence by treating debilitating diplopia with non-surgical and surgical solutions.

Education & Training

  • Pediatric Ophthalmology and Adult Strabismus Fellow
    Duke University School of Medicine (2001)
  • Vitreo-retinal Fellow
    Harvard Medical School- Massachusetts Eye & Ear Infirmary (1995)
  • Resident
    Yale School of Medicine (1993)
  • Internship
    Salem Hospital (1990)
  • MD
    Brown University (1989)


  • Invited lecturer and surgeon in Fujairah, United Arab Emirates
    Fujairah, Fujairah, United Arab Emirates 2018
    Lectured local ophthalmologists and performed surgical cases with local ophthalmologists to introduce them to the adjustable suture technique in adult strabismus.
  • Volunteer Pediatric Eye Surgeon
    Quito, Pichincha, Ecuador 2012
    Performed 29 strabismus surgeries on children and adult patients
  • Volunteer Attending Physician
    New Haven, CT, United States (2007-2016)
    Attending for Yale Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science Residents at a Pediatric Ophthalmology Clinic

Honors & Recognition

AwardAwarding OrganizationDate
Marvin Sears Award for Clinical ExcellenceAlumnae of Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Science1991

Professional Service

Executive Committee, Connecticut Society of Eye PhysiciansCommitted to advancing the highest standards of eye care through continuing education programs. The semiannual Scientific Education Programs are dedicated to improving and protecting our patient’s vision and eye health by presenting advances in the diagnosis and treatment of eye disease.2018 - Present
Connecticut Society of Eye PhysiciansExecutive Board Member2018 - Present
Status of Women in MedicineLiaison2018 - Present

Departments & Organizations