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Publications

Special Reports

Special Report: Cargo Plane over RSF Territory & Continued Civilian Displacement from El-Fasher (June 12, 2024)

Citation: Caitlin N. Howarth, Kaveh Khoshnood, Nathaniel A. Raymond et al. “Special Report: Cargo Plane over RSF Territory & Continued Civilian Displacement from El-Fasher” 12 June 2024. Humanitarian Research Lab at Yale School of Public Health: New Haven.

Special Report: El-Fasher: State of Crisis (June 5, 2024)

Citation: Caitlin N. Howarth, Kaveh Khoshnood, Nathaniel A. Raymond et al. “SPECIAL REPORT El-Fasher: State of Crisis.” 5 June 2024. Humanitarian Research Lab at Yale School of Public Health: New Haven.

RSF Burning Agricultural Communities Close to El-Fasher and Razing of Civilian Dwellings inside the City (May 29, 2024)

Citation: Caitlin N. Howarth, Kaveh Khoshnood, Nathaniel A. Raymond et al. “RSF Burning Agricultural Communities Close to El-Fasher and Razing of Civilian Dwellings inside the City.” 29 May 2024. Humanitarian Research Lab at Yale School of Public Health: New Haven.

Fighting in Abu Shouk IDP Camp, El-Fasher North Darfur (May 20-23, 2024)

Citation: Caitlin N. Howarth, Kaveh Khoshnood, Nathaniel A. Raymond et al. “Fighting in Abu Shouk IDP Camp, El-Fasher North Darfur, 20-23 May 2024” 23 May 2024. Humanitarian Research Lab at Yale School of Public Health: New Haven.

RSF Advances in El-Fasher as Conflict-Related Damage Intensifies (May 14-20, 2024)

Citation: Caitlin N. Howarth, Kaveh Khoshnood, Nathaniel A. Raymond et al. “RSF Advances in El-Fasher as Conflict-Related Damage Intensifies, 14-20 May 2024” 21 May 2024. Humanitarian Research Lab at Yale School of Public Health: New Haven.

Escalating Conflict-Related Damage in South and East of El-Fasher (May 10-14, 2024)

Citation: Caitlin N. Howarth, Kaveh Khoshnood, Nathaniel A. Raymond et al. “Escalating Conflict-Related Damage in South and East of El-Fasher, 10-14 May 2024” 15 May 2024. Humanitarian Research Lab at Yale School of Public Health: New Haven.

Assessment of Conflict-Damaged Civilian Dwellings in El-Fasher (May 2, 2024)

Citation: Caitlin N. Howarth, Kaveh Khoshnood, Nathaniel A. Raymond et al. “Assessment of Conflict-Damaged Civilian Dwellings in El-Fasher” 2 May 2024. Humanitarian Research Lab at Yale School of Public Health: New Haven.

Visual Confirmation of Additional Burned Communities and RSF Forces in El-Fasher (April 29, 2024)

Citation: Caitlin N. Howarth, Kaveh Khoshnood, Nathaniel A. Raymond et al. “Visual Confirmation of Additional Burned Communities and RSF Forces in El-Fasher” 29 April 2024. Humanitarian Research Lab at Yale School of Public Health: New Haven.

Strategic SAF Installation on Nyala – El-Fasher Road Vacated: Zamzam IDP Camp Now Unprotected (April 22, 2024)

Citation: Caitlin N. Howarth, Kaveh Khoshnood, Nathaniel A. Raymond et al. “Strategic SAF Installation on Nyala – El-Fasher Road Vacated: Zamzam IDP Camp Now Unprotected.” 22 April 2024. Humanitarian Research Lab at Yale School of Public Health: New Haven.

Confirmation of Sudan Armed Forces Bombardment Consistent with Rapid Support Forces Present in El-Fasher (April 19, 2024)

Citation: Caitlin N. Howarth, Kaveh Khoshnood, Nathaniel A. Raymond et al., “Confirmation of Sudan Armed Forces Bombardment Consistent with Rapid Support Forces Present in El-Fasher.” 19 April 2024. Humanitarian Research Lab at Yale School of Public Health: New Haven.

Confirmation of Nine Arson Attacks West of El-Fasher, Sudan (April 16, 2024)

Citation: Citation | Caitlin N. Howarth, Kaveh Khoshnood, Nathaniel A. Raymond et al., “Confirmation of Nine Arson Attacks West of El-Fasher, Sudan.” 16 April 2024. Humanitarian Research Lab at Yale School of Public Health: New Haven.

Featured Publications

Kaveh Khoshnood

  1. Farnoosh Hashemian, Kaveh Khoshnood, Mayur M. Desai, Farahnaz Falahati, Stanislav Kasl, Steven Southwick. Anxiety, Depression, and Posttraumatic Stress in Iranian Survivors of Chemical Warfare. JAMA. 2006. 296(5):560-566
  2. Mirsaeidi MS, Tabarsi P, Radpour O, Mansouri D, Amiri M, Bagheri Z, Velayati AA, Khoshnood K, Rowhani-Rahbar A, Farnia P, Ebrahimi G. Differences in characteristics between Afghani and Iranian patients with pulmonary tuberculosis. Int J Infect Dis. 2007. 11(2):180-182.
  3. Khadija G, Bradley E, Yuan C, Khoshnood K. Lost in Translation: Reproductive Healthcare Experiences of Somali Bantu Women in Hartford, Connecticut. J Midwifery Health. 2011. 56 (40): 340-346.
  4. Helen Jack, Amelia Reese Masterson, Kaveh Khoshnood. Violent conflict and opiate use in low and middle-income countries: A systematic review. Int J Drug Policy. 2014. 25(2):196-203.
  5. Clark KA, Keene DE, Pachankis JE, Fattal O, Rizk N, Khoshnood K. A qualitative analysis of multi-level barriers to HIV testing among women in Lebanon. Cult Health Sex. 2017. 19(9):996-1010.
  6. Robert Heimer, Russell Barbour, Danielle Khoury, Forrest W Crawford, Fatma Shebl, Elie Aaraj, Kaveh Khoshnood. HIV Risk, Prevalence, and Access to Care among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Lebanon. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2017. 33(11):1149-1154.
  7. Jennifer J. Mootz, Florence Muhanguzi, Pavel Panko, Patrick Onyango Mangen, Milton L. Wainberg, Ilana Pinsky, Kaveh Khoshnood. Armed Conflict, Alcohol Misuse, Decision-Making, and Intimate Partner Violence among Women in Northeastern Uganda: A Population Level Study. Confl Health. 2018. 12(1):37.
  8. M. Claire Greene, Jeremy C. Kane, Kaveh Khoshnood, Peter Ventevogel, Wietse A. Tol. Challenges and opportunities for implementation of substance misuse interventions in conflict-affected populations. Harm Reduct J. 2018. 15(1):58.
  9. Logie CH, Khoshnood K, Okumu M, Rashid SF, Senova F, Meghari H, Kipenda CU. Self-care interventions could advance sexual and reproductive health in humanitarian settings. BMJ. 2019. 365:l1083.
  10. Jennifer J. Mootz, Florence Muhanguzi, Brenna Greenfield, Meghan Gill, Miigis B. Gonzalez, Pavel Panko, Patrick Onyango Mangen, Milton L. Wainberg, Kaveh Khoshnood. Armed Conflict, Intimate Partner Violence, and Mental Distress of Women in Northeastern Uganda: A Mixed Methods Study. Psychol Women Q. 2019. 43(4):457–471.
  11. Jennifer J. Mootz, Lauren Taylor, Milton L. Wainberg, Kaveh Khoshnood. Ethical Considerations for Disseminating Research Findings on Gender-Based Violence, Armed Conflict, and Mental Health: A Case Study from Rural Uganda. Health Hum Rights. 2019. 21(1):81-92
  12. Jude Alawa, Parmida Zarei and Kaveh Khoshnood. Evaluating the Provision of Health Services and Barriers to Treatment for Chronic Diseases among Syrian Refugees in Turkey: A Review of Literature and Stakeholder Interviews. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2019. 16(15):2660.
  13. Liliana Angelica Ponguta, Ghassan Issa, Lara Aoudeh, Cosette Maalouf, Sawsan Nourallah, Kaveh Khoshnood, Anna Leslie Zonderman, Liliya Katsovich, Christina Moore, Rima Salah, Majd Al‐Soleiti, Pia Rebello Britto, James Frederick Leckman. Implementation evaluation of the mother-child education program among refugee and other vulnerable communities in Lebanon. New Dir Child Adolesc Dev. 2019. 2019(167):91-116.
  14. Lilla Orr, Fatma M. Shebl, Robert Heimer, Kaveh Khoshnood, Russell Barbour, Danielle Khouri, Elie Aaraj, Jacques Mokhbat, Forrest W. Crawford. Violence and discrimination against men who have sex with men in Lebanon: the role of international displacement and migration. J Interpers Violence. 2019 Oct 28.
  15. Jude Alawa, Omar Hamade, Amin Alayleh, Luna Fayad, Kaveh Khoshnood. Cancer Awareness and Barriers to Medical Treatment Among Syrian Refugees and Lebanese Citizens in Lebanon. J Canc Educ. 2020. 35(4):709-717.
  16. Ponguta LA, Issa G, Aoudeh L, Maalouf C, Hein SD, Zonderman AL, Katsovich L, Khoshnood K, Bick J, Awar A, Nourallah S, Householder S, Moore CC, Salah R, Britto PR, Leckman JF. Effects of the Mother-Child Education Program on Parenting Stress and Disciplinary Practices Among Refugee and Other Marginalized Communities in Lebanon: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial. J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry. 2020. 59(6):727-738.
  17. Sacha Hein, Johanna Bick, Ghassan Issa, Lara Aoude, Cosette Maalouf, Abir Awar, Sawsan Nourallah, Anna L Zonderman, Sarah Householder, Liliya Kastovich, Kaveh Khoshnood, Christina Moore, Rima Salan, Pia R Britto, James F. Leckman, Lilian Angelica Ponguta. Maternal perceptions of father involvement among refugee and disadvantaged families in Beirut, Lebanon. PLoS One. 2020.15(3):e0229670.
  18. Madison B. Sharp, Alyssa S. Parpia, Mamoun Ahram, Refqi Ismail Mahmoud, Kaveh Khoshnood. Prevalence of and Risk Factors for Depression among Female Syrian Refugees and Jordanians with Chronic Disease: A Pilot Study. East Mediterr Health J. In Press.
  19. Sharp, M. B., Kara, J., Almidani, S., Ahram, M., Mahmoud, R., & Khoshnood, K. (2021). Exploring the bidirectional relationship between chronic disease and depression among female Syrian refugees and Jordanians: a qualitative analysis. East Mediterr Health J, 27.
  20. Kaveh Khoshnood, Fatma M. Shebl, Danielle Khouri, Elie Aaraj, Russell Barbour, Forrest W. Crawford, Jacques Mokhbat, Alyssa S. Parpia, Robert Heimer. Reported History and Correlate of Drug Overdose among People Who Inject Drugs in Lebanon. East Mediterr Health J. 2021;27(6):571–579. https://doi.org/10.26719/2021.27.6.571
  21. Clark, K., Pachankis, J., Khoshnood, K., Bränström, R., Seal, D., Khoury, D., ... & Heimer, R. (2021). Stigma, displacement stressors and psychiatric morbidity among displaced Syrian men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women: a cross-sectional study in Lebanon. BMJ open, 11(5), e046996.
  22. Alawa J, Al-Ali S, Walz L, Wiles E, Harle N, Awale MA, Mohamed D, Khoshnood K. Knowledge and perceptions of COVID-19, prevalence of pre-existing conditions and access to essential resources in Somali IDP camps: a cross-sectional study. BMJ Open. 2021 Jun 29;11(6):e044411. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-044411. PMID: 34187818; PMCID: PMC8245279.
  23. Jennifer J. Mootz, Cale N. Basaraba, Thomas Corbeil, Karen Johnson, Kefentse P. Kubanga, Milton L. Wainberg, Kaveh Khoshnood. Armed Conflict, HIV, and Syndemic Risk Markers of Mental Distress, Alcohol Misuse, and Intimate Partner Violence Among Couples in Uganda. Journal of Traumatic Stress. In press.
  24. Kaveh Khoshnood, Cindy Sousa, Kirsty Clark. Ethical Issues in Conducting Research in Conflict Settings: Case Studies from Middle East. Ethical Issues in Research in the Middle East.” Editors: Henry Silverman (University of Maryland), Thalia Arwai (AUB). Publisher: Springer. 2017.
  25. Kaveh Khoshnood, Bandy Lee, Chanel Marin. Health Effects of War on Civilians in Conflict Zones. Preventing War and Promoting Peace: A Guide for Health Professionals. Editors: William H. Wiist (Northern Arizona University) and Shelley K. White (Worcester State University). Publisher: Cambridge University Press. 2017.
  26. M. Claire Greene, Jeremy C. Kane, Noa Krawczyk, Felicity Brown, Laura Murray, Kaveh Khoshnood, Wietse A. Tol. Alcohol and Drug Misuse Interventions in Conflict-affected populations. In Mental health in refugee and post-conflict populations. Springer. 2018.
  27. Kaveh Khoshnood, Alison Mosier-Mills, Veena Pillai. Methodological and Ethical Challenges in Research with Forcibly Displaced Populations. In The Health of Refugees: Public Health Perspectives from Crisis to Settlement. Publisher: Oxford University Press. 2019.
  28. Reffat N. Khoshnood, K. Dembry, L. Evidence-based Interventions for Antimicrobial Resistance in Conflict-Afflicted Arab Countries. Handbook of Healthcare in the Arab World. Springer Publishing. 2021.
  29. Jude Alawa, Adam Coutts, Kaveh Khoshnood. Cancer Prevention and Treatment in Humanitarian Settings. Handbook of Healthcare in the Arab World. Springer Publishing. 2021.
  30. Griffin N, Khoshnood K. Opium Trade, Insurgency and HIV/AIDS in Afghanistan: Relationships and Regional Consequences. Asia Pac J Public Health. 2010. 22(3):159S-167s
  31. Molly Moran, Kaveh Khoshnood, Tarik M. Ramahi, Marwan Khawaja, Marcia Inhorn. Violent Conflict and Population Health in the Middle East. Glob Public Health. 2011. 6(5):467-471.
  32. Catherine S. Todd, David Macdonald, Kaveh Khoshnood, G. Farooq Mansoor, Mark Eggerman, Catherine Panter-Brick. Opiate use, treatment, and harm reduction in Afghanistan: Recent changes and future directions. Int J Drug Policy. 2012. 23(5):341-345.
  33. Jefee-Bahloul H and Khoshnood K. Mental health research in the Syrian humanitarian crisis. Front Public Health. 2014. 2:44.
  34. Lee BX, Leckman JF, Khoshnood K (eds). Special issue (12 reviews): Violence, health and South-North collaboration. Soc Sci Med. 2015. 146: 236–242.
  35. Daniel Flecknoe and Kaveh Khoshnood. Weaponising the ‘Fog of War’: The challenge of fake news for humanitarian actors in conflict zones. Posted on November 6, 2018 by BMJ GH Blogs.
  36. Jude Alawa, Cosette Maiky, Kaveh Khoshnood, Fouad M. Fouad. Cancer Prevention and Treatment in Humanitarian Contexts: An Urgent and Unmet Need. Lancet Oncol. 2019. 20(12):1635-1636.
  37. Alawa, J., Alhalabi, F. & Khoshnood, K. Breast Cancer Management Among Refugees and Forcibly Displaced Populations: a Call to Action. Curr Breast Cancer Rep. 2019. 11(3): 129–135
  38. Alawa, J., Alawa, N., Coutts, A. Sullivan, R., Khoshnood, K., Fouad M.F. Addressing COVID-19 in humanitarian settings: a call to action. Confl Health 14, 64 (2020)

Nathaniel Raymond

  1. Raymond, N. A. (2000). The damage done to Chechnya's medical establishment. The Lancet, 355(9220), 2068.
  2. Kushner, A., & Raymond, N. A. (2000). Health care hobbled: ambulatory care treatment of cambodian landmine survivors. The Journal of Ambulatory Care Management, 23(3), 88-89.
  3. Stein, D., & Raymond, N. A. (2000). Walking wounded: the status of ambulatory care in East Timor. The Journal of ambulatory care management, 23(2), 76-77.
  4. Cobey, J. C., & Raymond, N. A. (2001). Antipersonnel land mines: a vector for human suffering. Annals of internal medicine, 134(5), 421-422.
  5. Raymond, N. A. (2002). Medical neutrality: Another casualty of the intifada. The Journal of ambulatory care management, 25(4), 71-73.
  6. Raymond, N. A. (2007). The People of Chiapas: Declining Health Status and Increasing Marginalization. The Journal of ambulatory care management, 30(1), 86-87.
  7. Raymond, N., Allen, S., Iacopino, V., Keller, A., Soldz, S., Reisner, S., & Bradshaw, J. (2010). Experiments in Torture: Evidence of Human Subject Research and Experimentation in the" Enhanced" Interrogation Program.
  8. Raymond, N., Howarth, C., & Hutson, J. (2012). Crisis mapping needs an ethical compass. Global Brief, 6.
  9. Wang, B., Raymond, N., Gould, G., & Baker, I. (2013). Problems from hell, solution in the heavens?: identifying obstacles and opportunities for employing geospatial technologies to document and mitigate mass atrocities. Stability: International Journal of Security and Development, 2(3).
  10. Raymond, N. A., Davies, B. I., Card, B. L., Achkar, Z. A., & Baker, I. L. (2013). While we watched: Assessing the impact of the satellite sentinel project. Georgetown Journal of International Affairs, 185-191.
  11. Card, B. L., Raymond, N. A., & Baker, I. L. (2014). Conflict-related displaced population camps commonly visible in high-resolution satellite imagery. Whitehead J. Dipl. & Int'l Rel., 16, 57.
  12. Raymond, N. A., Card, B. L., & Baker, I. L. (2014). A new forensics: Developing standard remote sensing methodologies to detect and document mass atrocities. Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal, 8(3), 6.
  13. Raymond, N. A., & Card, B. L. (2015). Applying humanitarian principles to current uses of information communication technologies: Gaps in doctrine and challenges to practice. Signal Program on Human Security and Technology, Harvard Humanitarian Initiative.
  14. Raymond, N. A., Card, B., & al Achkar, Z. (2015, October). What is ‘Humanitarian Communication’? towards standard definitions and protections for the humanitarian use of ICTs. In European Interagency Security Forum (EISF).
  15. Soldz, S., Raymond, N., Reisner, S., Allen, S. A., Baker, I. L., & Keller, A. S. (2015). All the President's Psychologists: The American Psychological Association's Secret Complicity with the White House and US Intelligence Community in Support of the CIA's" enhanced" Interrogation Program.
  16. Raymond, N., & Al Achkar, Z. (2016). Data preparedness: connecting data, decision making and humanitarian response. Signal Program Standards and Ethics Series, 1.
  17. Raymond, N., Al Achkar, Z., Verhulst, S., Berens, J., Barajas, L., & Easton, M. (2016). Building data responsibility into humanitarian action. OCHA Policy and Studies Series.
  18. Greenwood, F., Howarth, C., Poole, D. E., Raymond, N. A., & Scarnecchia, D. P. (2017). The signal code: a human rights approach to information during crisis. Harvard Humanitarian Initiative.
  19. Scarnecchia, D. P., Raymond, N. A., Greenwood, F., Howarth, C., & Poole, D. N. (2017). A rights-based approach to information in humanitarian assistance. PLoS currents, 9.
  20. Sandvik, K. B., & Raymond, N. A. (2017). Beyond the protective effect: Towards a theory of harm for information communication technologies in mass atrocity response. Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal, 11(1), 5.
  21. Raymond, N. A. (2017). Beyond “do no harm” and individual consent: reckoning with the emerging ethical challenges of civil society’s use of data. In Group Privacy (pp. 67-82). Springer, Cham.
  22. Raymond, N., Scarnecchia, D., & Campo, S. (2017). Humanitarian data breaches: the real scandal is our collective inaction. The New Humanitarian, 8.
  23. Poole, D., Hedt-Gauthier, B., Raymond, N., & Bärnighausen, T. (2018). Major depression prevalence among Syrian migrants seeking asylum in Greece: a cross-sectional survey. The Lancet Global Health, 6, S20.
  24. CAMPO, S., HOWARTH, C., RAYMOND, N., & SCARNECCHIA, D. (2018). Signal code: Ethical obligations for humanitarian information activities. Harvard Humanitarian Initiative.
  25. Poole, D. N., Hedt-Gauthier, B., Liao, S., Raymond, N. A., & Bärnighausen, T. (2018). Major depressive disorder prevalence and risk factors among Syrian asylum seekers in Greece. BMC public health, 18(1), 1-9.
  26. Raymond, N. (2019). Safeguards for human studies can't cope with big data. Nature, 568(7753), 277-278.
  27. Raymond, N., McDonald, L. W., & Chandran, R. (2019). Opinion: The WFP and Palantir controversy should be a wake-up call for humanitarian community. Devex (February 14, 2019). Available at https://www. devex. com/news/opinion-the-wfp-and-palantir-controversy-shouldbe-a-wake-up-call-for-humanitarian-community-94307.
  28. Raymond, N. (2019). Reboot ethical review for the age of big data. Nature, 568(7752), 277-277.
  29. Poole, D., Liao, S., Larson, E., Hedt-Gauthier, B., Raymond, N., & Börnighausen, T. (2019). Implementation of a sequential screening process for depression in humanitarian crises: a validation study of the Patient Health Questionnaire in Syrian refugees. The Lancet Global Health, 7, S42.
  30. Poole, D. N., Liao, S., Larson, E., Hedt-Gauthier, B., Raymond, N. A., Bärnighausen, T., & Smith Fawzi, M. C. (2020). Sequential screening for depression in humanitarian emergencies: a validation study of the patient health questionnaire among Syrian refugees. Annals of general psychiatry, 19(1), 1-10.
  31. Poole, D. N., Raymond, N. A., Berens, J., Latonero, M., Ricard, J., & Hedt-Gauthier, B. (2021). A combination sampling approach for epidemiologic research in humanitarian settings: a case analysis of a study of depressive disorder prevalence among refugees in Greece. BMC Public Health, 21(1), 1-7.
  32. McCann, B. T., Davis, J. M., Osborne, D., Durham, C., O'Brien, M., & Raymond, N. A. (2021). Quantifying climate change‐relevant humanitarian programming and spending across five countries with high vulnerability to disaster. Disasters, 45(4), 819-843.
  33. Raymond, N., Chambers, A., Polatty, D., Khoshnood, K., & Xu, R. (2021). Operationalizing equity during local pandemic response. EClinicalMedicine, 36.