Skip to Main Content


Team Members

  • Director of Operations, Conflict Observatory

    Caitlin Howarth is Director of Operations for the Conflict Observatory team based at Yale Humanitarian Research Lab.  From 2016-2021, Howarth worked with the Signal Program on Human Security and Technology at Harvard Humanitarian Initiative (HHI), where she specialized in atrocity warning and led research in applied IHL and humanitarian ethics, teledemography, and remote sensing. She co-authored The Signal Code: A Human Rights-Based Approach to Information During Crisis. Howarth was formerly Reports Manager for the Satellite Sentinel Project at HHI from 2011-2012. She has served as Director of Leadership Development at the Truman National Security Project, Deputy Director of the Telecommunications Equality Project at the Roosevelt Institute, and COO and National Policy Director at the Roosevelt Institute Campus Network.  Howarth’s consultant work includes operational leadership for mass atrocity early warning and rapid response, research on weaponized information ecosystems, the design of the award-winning MediCapt mobile forensic evidence collection app, and training and consultation in strategic communication; past clients include Physicians for Human Rights, Internews, Vigil Monitor, and New Leaders Council.  A Washington, DC native, she holds a BA in Political and Social Thought from the University of Virginia and a MPP in International & Global Affairs from the Harvard Kennedy School.
  • Faculty Director

    Associate Professor of Epidemiology (Microbial Diseases); Track Director, Critical Topics, Executive MPH; Faculty Director, InnovateHealth Yale; Program Co-Director, Global Health Ethics Program, Yale Institute for Global Health; Track Director, Critical Topics in Public Health, Executive MPH

    Dr. Khoshnood is an Associate Professor and Director of Undergraduate Studies at the Yale School of Public Health and executive committee member at Yale Council on Middle East Studies. He is co-founder of Yale Violence and Health Study Group and a faculty member of the Program on Conflict, Resiliency and Health at the Yale MacMillan Center. Dr. Khoshnood is trained as an infectious disease epidemiologist and has more than three decades of domestic and international experience in HIV prevention research among people who use drugs and other at-risk populations. Dr. Khoshnood's research interests include: 1) epidemiology and prevention of HIV/AIDS, 2) research ethics and 3) humanitarian health. His projects are primarily in China, Lebanon and Bhutan. Dr. Khoshnood teaches a new course on health in humanitarian crises.
  • Executive Director

    Lecturer in Epidemiology (Microbial Diseases); Executive Director, Humanitarian Research Lab - YSPH, EMD

    Nathaniel A. Raymond is Executive Director of the Humanitarian Research Lab at the Yale School of Public Health (YSPH) and a Lecturer in the Department of the Epidemiology of Microbial Diseases (EMD) at YSPH. He was formerly a Lecturer of Global Affairs at the Jackson School for Global Affairs from 2018 - 2022. His research interests focus on the health implications of forced displacement; methodologies for the assessment of large-scale disasters, including pandemics; and the human rights and human security implications of information communication technologies (ICTs) for vulnerable populations, particularly in the context of armed conflict. Previously, he was the founding Director of the Signal Program on Human Security and Technology at the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative (HHI) of the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health from 2012 – 2018. From 2010 to 2012, he was Director of Operations for the George Clooney-founded Satellite Sentinel Project at HHI, which utilized high resolution satellite imagery to detect and document attacks on civilians in Sudan and South Sudan. Raymond was Director of the Campaign Against Torture at Physicians for Human Rights from 2008 – 2010, leading investigations into the role of US health professionals in the Bush Administration’s “enhanced” interrogation program. Raymond served as a humanitarian aid worker with Oxfam America and was deployed to Ethiopia, Afghanistan, Sri Lanka, the Middle East, and the US Gulf Coast in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. Raymond has formally advised multiple UN, governmental, and non-governmental agencies, including the UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations in South Sudan, the UN High Commission for Refugees, Save the Children, the International Committee of the Red Cross, Association of South East Asian Nations, the US Naval War College's Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Response program, and others. His work has appeared in Nature, The Lancet, Annals of Internal Medicine, Annals of General Psychiatry, Disasters, and other peer-reviewed publications.