Dr. Chawarska launches five-year study on the origins of autism
In the most comprehensive longitudinal study to date, Katarzyna Chawarska, PhD, Todd Constable, PhD, and the team at Yale School of Medicine and Department of Statistics will use state-of-the-art functional connectivity MRI techniques to investigate neural connectivity in fetuses and newborns to identify early markers and predictors of outcomes in babies later diagnosed with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).
A Childhood Surrounded by Science
For Amy Vatner and her three young boys, participating in clinical trials at Yale has meant becoming part of a community. “My kids are now turning nine, seven, and three and a half,” Vatner says, “and they have been involved in studies at Yale for their entire lives.”
Siblings of children with autism can show signs at 18 months
About 20% of younger siblings of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) will develop the condition by age 3. A new study by Yale School of Medicine researchers has found that 57% of these younger siblings who later develop the condition already showed symptoms at age 18 months.
Implicit Organizational Bias: Mental Health Treatment Culture and Norms as Barriers to Engaging with Diversity
Miraj Desai, PhD, Instructor in Psychiatry, is first author of a paper in American Psychologist that aimed to better understand the sources of barriers to care for Latinx and Asian patient populations by examining shared themes across providers’ descriptions of their encounters.Source: Race, Research & Policy Portal
Largest Genome Study to Date of Anxiety Reveals New Risk Variants and Suggests Possible Biological Mechanisms
Daniel Levey, PhD, Associate Research Scientist in Psychiatry, and Joel Gelernter, MD, Foundations Fund Professor of Psychiatry and Professor of Genetics and of Neuroscience, are among the authors of a study relating DNA variations and anxiety disorders which has revealed several previously unidentified locations in the human genome where variations in the sequence tend to occur in people with anxiety, compared with people who don't have anxiety.Source: Brain & Behavior Research Foundation
Are you a female over 50 experiencing stress and sleep difficulties?
If you are a female over 50 and feel overwhelmed or stressed and experience difficulty sleeping, you may be eligible to participate in a free and confidential study that provides talk therapy that may help improve your emotional and cognitive health and also looks at how the brain works with advanced MRI scanning techniques.
Efficacy of Intravenous Ketamine in Adolescent Treatment-Resistant Depression: A Randomized Midazolam-Controlled Trial
Yale Department of Psychiatry and Yale Child Study Center researchers conducted the first randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial of intravenous ketamine in adolescents with depression.Source: American Journal of Psychiatry
Yale, VA Researchers Investigate Eating Disorders in Iraq and Afghanistan War-Era Veterans
Researchers at Yale School of Medicine and the VA Connecticut Healthcare System, in a pair of complementary studies, investigated eating disorders in Iraq and Afghanistan war-era veterans, a group thought to be at high risk for the disorders.
Suicide Risk Jumps Soon After Dementia Diagnosis
Older patients recently diagnosed with dementia are at a significantly increased risk for suicide compared to their peers without dementia. Investigators found that individuals who were diagnosed with dementia had a 54% increased risk for suicide within the first year after diagnosis. The risk was particularly high among those aged 74 years and younger. Timothy Schmutte, PsyD, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry, was the study investigator.Source: Medscape
Research Begun by WHRY Continues to Show Possible Pathway to Derail Dementia
Research is revealing the mechanisms that underlie the role of estradiol in memory so that next generation treatments for Alzheimer's disease and other dementias can specifically target these mechanisms and avoid the potential for negative side effects of systemic estrogen therapy.
Yale Physiology researchers discover how blind worms "see" the color blue
The laboratory of Dr. Michael Nitabach discovered that C. elegans, despite lacking eyes and opsin genes, can discriminate between colors to guide foraging decisions. The study is published in the Science journal (https://science.sciencemag.org/content/371/6533/1059) and is accompanied by a perspective article by Lauren Neal, Leslie Vosshall (https://science.sciencemag.org/content/371/6533/995)Source: How Do Blind Worms See the Color Blue?