Frequently Asked Questions
Yale New Haven Hospital sponsors both J1 and H1B visas through the Office of Graduate Medical Education (GME) for those eligible. You can find out more information at the GME office website.
The program adopts formal and informal mentorship practices. Incoming residents are paired with experienced faculty mentors when they arrive to ensure they have contacts who can serve as support and answer questions as they begin their training. New residents are also paired with more senior residents as they begin their formal rotations to facilitate opportunities for peer mentorship. As they refine their interests and they meet faculty through morning seminars, slide sessions and on rotation, they often identify additional faculty mentors independently who provide support in any number of ways, from career advice to research project guidance to talk preparation and beyond.
The program evaluates all applications based on merit and a holistic review without defined cut-offs. For applicants who have a gap between medical school graduation and residency application, we place importance on their experiences and what they have accomplished in the interim.
Call responsibilities for AP/CP residents are as follows:
- PGY-1: Saturday autopsy call
- PGY-2: resident takes Saturday morning grossing call (“weekend cutter”)
- PGY-3: overnight and weekend CP call
- PGY-4: On AP - frozen section and weekend senior resident call; On CP - senior CP call
In 2021, our program started a rotation integration where CP rotations, including Transfusion Medicine and Hematology, were included in the PGY-1 curriculum, along with core AP rotations. We have continued to refine this early exposure to CP and it has been well-received by trainees.
The morgue is conveniently located and a short walk (<10 minutes) from Surgical Pathology and is in proximity to many pathology faculty offices and other departmental conference rooms. Adjacent to the morgue is a readily accessible resident room with microscopes and workstations for the residents rotating on the service.
The Yale Autopsy Service is composed of a team of faculty, pathologists’ assistants, and autopsy technicians that work together with the resident to carry out all aspects of the autopsy. The autopsy rotation allows residents to form a complete picture of the patient and disease process through careful chart review, evisceration and examination of organs grossly and microscopically, ultimately generating an integrated report and final autopsy diagnosis. A total of approximately 10 weeks of autopsy service is completed throughout the program with most rotations completed during PGY-1. Residents in their senior years of training have graduated responsibilities as consultants and supervisors for junior residents on the service.
Residents on the major surgical pathology rotations (GI resections, Gyn, Thoracic, GU, Breast resections, Head/Neck/Endocrine, Pediatric/Bone Soft Tissue) do a cycle where they sign out, gross and preview cases each day. Sign out with faculty generally begins at 9:30am, following a morning didactic seminar. Grossing takes place in the afternoon and previewing takes place later in the day or in the morning before didactics, depending on the preference of the resident.
To learn more about resident life in New Haven, see the “Resident Life” area of our website.
We receive around 35,000 in house surgical and over 65,000 cytology specimens per year. We also have a busy outreach program with around 15,000 specimens per year. In addition, we review over 5000 referral and consult specimens yearly.
Please see the Resident Placement area of our website to see what our residents do following graduation.
General hospital orientation starts the last week of June. This is followed by a 4-week introductory PGY-1 “boot camp” during July with week-long mini rotations with experiences in gross pathology, surgical pathology sign-out, autopsy and laboratory medicine (Heme and Flow Cytometry and Blood Bank). Residents learn about the workflow, information technology, and available resources in the departments through hands-on activities and didactic seminars, in addition to getting to know the people! Mini-rotations incorporate mentorship from senior residents.
Following bootcamp, as residents begin their core rotations and start to take responsibility for cases, they are paired with senior residents for two weeks.
Since the PGY-3s are responsible for all the laboratory medicine subspecialties and taking CP calls during weeknights and weekends, they undergo an onboarding process for their year on CP, rotating a total of 4 weeks in all the services. During this time, they are also trained in how to handle calls at night and weekends.
The Department of Pathology has whole slide scanners for educational and research purposes, as well as clinical activities. Consult cases and tumor board cases undergo scanning and can be accessed through our unique in-house developed PathPortal system, which is a single interface for accessing clinical information, current and prior pathology material, and gross images. Residents have access to these cases. Whole slide images are increasingly utilized for our intradepartmental unknown conferences and other teaching endeavors.
On subspecialty surgical pathology rotations, including GI resections, Head & Neck/Endocrine, Gynecologic, Breast resections, Genitourinary, Thoracic, Dermatopathology, Pediatric/Bone Soft tissue services, residents work in the gross room closely with a team of pathologists’ assistants who are passionate about being in the academic environment. Gross responsibilities begin at 1:30pm when the resident discusses the educational cases with the covering PA and come up with an plan for grossing for the afternoon. Fellows and attendings come to the gross room to evaluate complex cases together with the resident.
The Departments of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine both have designated faculty involved in resident wellness. The program has a wellness curriculum and a resident wellness committee. The YNHH GME office supports an annual house staff wellness week and there is 24/7 availability to the Housestaff Lounge, well-stocked with coffee and food items, free of charge. In addition, the program has policies to ensure residents have the opportunity to get adequate rest following call.
PGY1, PGY2, and PGY4 residents present at Melanoma tumor board and PGY2 residents present at Bone and Soft tissue tumor boards, both with faculty supervision. Other forums exist for graduated responsibility with case presentations, including at consensus conferences and extradepartmental forums.
Residents on CP rotations teach the Microbiology and Hematology medical student labs. Senior residents on AP rotations have the opportunity to teach medical students gross pathology and work with paired faculty members to teach pathology workshops. The curriculum also includes opportunities for senior residents to teach their junior colleagues.
Most AP/CP residents participate in research projects during their training, submit abstracts and present at national meetings, such as USCAP, CAP, and ASCP, among others. These often result in publications under the mentorship of faculty. The many and varied research opportunities available are a major strength of the program. Opportunities for research funding awards are available through the departments, including the Chairman’s Challenge. Physician-scientists in the CP-only track are supported by the Laboratory Medicine T32 and supplemented by the department at the appropriate PGY level.
On AP rotations, residents begin the morning with a didactic seminar at 8am. Rotations in surgical pathology are predominantly subspecialized and include sign-out, grossing, and previewing each day. These are in the areas of GI Resections, Breast Resections, Head/Neck/Endocrine, Gynecologic, Pediatric, Bone and Soft Tissue, Genitourinary, Dermatopathology and Thoracic pathology. Each rotation is different based on service specific considerations, which vary in volume and case complexity. Residents evaluate gross specimens and interpret the slides with complete case write-ups on the cases they gross. Residents review these during their sign-out with the faculty where they receive feedback about their interpretations. A generalist sign-out exposure occurs at the Veteran’s Affairs and Bridgeport Hospital where residents preview, write-up and sign out cases with attendings. Additional unique rotations include dedicated Biopsy rotations where residents are focused on a high volume of biopsies with previewing, case write-up, and sign-out with the attending. Similar models exist for previewing and case sign-out on the Cytology and Medical Renal services.
CP rotations are structured in the different subspecialties. In Transfusion Medicine & Apheresis, residents interpret antibody workups and write notes, follow patients that require specific platelets transfusions, interpret and write notes for transfusion reaction workups, attend apheresis rounds, run the apheresis clinic (seeing patients, writing notes, putting orders in), assist other providers with any transfusion medicine related questions, and take call during the day for the service. In Chemistry & Immunology rotation, the residents are responsible for sign-out of protein electrophoresis and immunofixation electrophoresis, review high-expense send-out tests, learn from the medical laboratory scientists the technical aspects of the departments, assist providers with any question in chemistry and immunology labs, participate in chemistry laboratory meetings including topics of quality improvement and quality control, and participate in the implementation of quality improvement projects. In Microbiology, the residents receive calls either by the medical laboratory scientists or the provider taking care of the patients for clarification of laboratory test results and/or requests for additional testing, including antibiotic susceptibility testing, evaluation of mixed cultures for pathogens, requests for supplemental testing such as molecular tests. In Hematology & flow cytometry rotation, the residents interpret blood smears, flow cytometry, special coagulation, hemoglobin, and molecular test results, while also assisting providers with cases that require further selection of tests. During the rotation at the Veteran Affairs Hospital, residents are exposed to general clinical pathology including all the areas of laboratory medicine.