Behavioral Medicine Service
The Behavioral Medicine Service is a psychological consultation and intervention program integrated within specialized medical services of Yale-New Haven Hospital (YNHH) and the Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital. Fellows train within multidisciplinary teams of physicians, surgeons, nurses, social workers, and psychologists while gaining valuable experience in the provision of behavioral health consultation, psychological assessment, and behavioral health intervention with a broad range of medically ill patients. Emphasis is placed on understanding biopsychosocial factors that influence health and illness and applying this knowledge along with behavioral interventions to prevent disease, improve disease management, increase quality of life, and facilitate end-of-life planning and care needs.
PRIMARY PLACEMENT - This track consists of a single, full-time, twelve-month placement within YNHH's Psychological Medicine Service. (There are no secondary placements within YNHH).
Number of Fellows
Two doctoral fellows will be selected into the Behavioral Medicine track for the 2021-2022 academic year.
The Behavioral Medicine Service, developed in 2008, is part of the Psychiatric Services of Yale-New Haven Hospital. The Service is a valued and integrated component of Yale-New Haven Hospital and Smilow Cancer Hospital. Clinical training for Behavioral Medicine fellows occurs within the inpatient units and outpatient care clinics of these major hospital centers. During the current COVID-19 pandemic, all hospital-based outpatient behavioral medicine services are being provided via secure telehealth platforms.
The goal of the Behavioral Medicine Service is to provide support and assistance to medical providers and their patients so that the patient’s emotional and mental health needs can be addressed within the context of their overall medical care. The service operates under the premise that integrated behavioral medicine has the potential to benefit both patients and providers by improving access to behavioral health care for medically compromised individuals. Primary goals of this service are to: improve adherence and adjustment to medical illness and medical treatments; target psychosocial issues and lifestyle and health behaviors (e.g., physical activity, dietary practices, sleep, tobacco and other substance use) affecting health and wellness; address issues of pain management, stress tolerance, addictions, and coping; and to help prevent the development of more serious mental health disorders through early detection and intervention.
Fellows divide their time between inpatient and outpatient programs at Yale-New Haven Hospital (i.e., Organ Transplant, Sleep Medicine) and Smilow Cancer Hospital (i.e., Psycho-oncology, Palliative Care, Tobacco Treatment Service).
Within each of these centers, Behavioral Medicine fellows consult with medical providers and provide evidence-based assessment and intervention services to medically ill patients using evidence-based supportive, behavioral, cognitive-behavioral, acceptance-based, and mindfulness-based therapeutic approaches.
Fellows also attend and participate in a number of weekly multidisciplinary meetings and case conferences. These may include Psychological Medicine case conferences and service rounds, inpatient Palliative Care Rounds, outpatient Palliative Care Interdisciplinary Team Meeting, Liver Transplant Recipient Review Committee, Liver Donor Advocacy Meeting, and a host of other interdisciplinary seminars and workshops with advanced fellows in psychiatry, oncology, pulmonary care, sleep medicine and internal medicine, depending on their current rotation.
Fellows receive training within three major placements over the course of the year: Yale Cancer Center/Smilow Cancer Hospital (6 months), Tobacco Treatment (6 months) Organ Transplant (3 months) and Sleep Medicine (3 months).
- July-September: Yale Cancer Center/Smilow; Psycho-oncology; Tobacco
- October-December: Yale Cancer Center/Smilow; Palliative Care; Tobacco
- January-March, Transplant
- April-June, Sleep
- July-September, Transplant
- October-December, Sleep
- January-March, Yale Cancer Center/Smilow; Psycho-oncology; Tobacco
- April-June, Yale Cancer Center/Smilow; Palliative Care; Tobacco
Smilow Cancer Hospital Rotation (6 months)
The Yale Cancer Center and Smilow Cancer Hospital combine a tradition of innovative cancer treatment and quality care for patients. Yale Cancer Center is Connecticut's only cancer center designated as a Comprehensive Cancer Center by the National Cancer Institute—and one of only 49 in the nation. National Cancer Institute centers are national leaders in cancer research, prevention, detection, and treatment. Smilow Cancer Hospital provides patients with novel, state-of-the art cancer detection and treatment options within the context of patient-centered expert care.
Within Smilow Cancer Hospital, Behavioral Medicine fellows train within several overlapping clinical services: (1) Outpatient Psycho-oncology Clinics (2) Inpatient Palliative Care Service, and (3) Tobacco Treatment Service.
Psycho-oncology Clinic and Inpatient Palliative Care (Half-Time)
Within Smilow Cancer Hospital’s outpatient oncology clinics, fellows provide co-located evidence-based individual psychotherapy to referred patients. Patients may be referred from any cancer-specific disease team and may be at any stage of illness. Patients are referred for a variety of reasons (e.g., emotional distress, pain, sexuality, body image, managing addictions, end of life concerns, etc.) and may be seen individually or with a partner or other family member. Fellows work closely with the patient’s oncology team (oncologists, advance practice nurses, social workers, and nurses) to provide coordinated oncology clinic-based care. Fellows also have the opportunity to attend Palliative Care Interdisciplinary Team Meetings, disease specific tumor board meetings, Yale Cancer Center’s Grand Rounds, and Schwartz Rounds.
During the inpatient Palliative Care rotation, fellows function as a member of the multidisciplinary palliative care consult team, attend daily rounds, and work closely with palliative care physicians, advanced practice nurses, social workers and chaplains. Fellows provide bedside consultation and brief evidence-based interventions to address issues related to pain, emotional distress and end-of-life. Training goals on this rotation include exposure to inpatient multidisciplinary team care, increased understanding of issues faced by individuals with advanced cancer approaching end of life, assessing goals of care, and the utilization of brief bedside therapies to address physical/emotional distress, mortality and existential issues.
Throughout the entire year, Behavioral Medicine fellows participate in the Cancer Center’s Menopause, Intimacy and Sexuality (SIMS) Clinic—a unique monthly multidisciplinary clinic within the Department of Gynecology-Oncology. Here, fellows train closely with a faculty gynecologist and gynecology-oncology fellow and perform brief behavioral health consultations with women who have a history of cancer and whose primary concerns relate to sexuality, sexual functioning, body image, or menopause.
Fellows also spend one-half day per week within an Adolescent and Young Adult (AYA) Clinic, a developmentally-sensitive multidisciplinary program within the Department of Pediatric Hematology. Within the AYA clinic, fellows train along-side a licensed clinical psychologist and provide individual and family consultation to AYA patients diagnosed with a range of hematologic and cancer-related diagnoses.
Tobacco Treatment Service (Half-Time)
The Tobacco Treatment Service provides tobacco use assessment and intervention for patients treated at Smilow Cancer Hospital and Smilow-affiliated community-based Care Centers across CT, as well as patients referred by other teams across the Medical Center. The Service comprises a multidisciplinary team of psychologists, physicians, advanced practice nurses and clinical research staff and provides care that is integrated with patients’ oncology/medical treatments. Patients receive evidence-based pharmacological and behavioral tobacco interventions either in-person or via telemedicine.
The Service supports a number of clinical research projects. Currently, two NCI-funded clinical trials of smoking cessation interventions for individuals at high-risk for lung cancer or undergoing lung cancer screening are being conducted through the Service. Fellows have the opportunity to be trained in the delivery of manualized smoking cessation interventions for these trials. In addition, the Service received funding through the NCI Cancer Moonshot Initiative to increase access to and the effectiveness of smoking cessation interventions for individuals with cancer. Through this service implementation project, smoking cessation services have been expanded beyond the main cancer hospital to the community and enhancements have been made to the electronic health record to facilitate proactive tobacco use consultations for patients who report smoking when they present for oncology appointments. Fellows will have the opportunity to provide these consultations and deliver smoking cessation interventions via telemedicine.
Within the Tobacco Treatment Service, fellows work closely with the Director, a psychologist, to receive specialized training in motivational interviewing/enhancement techniques and cognitive-behavioral interventions to promote tobacco behavior change, and learn about evidence-based tobacco pharmacotherapies. Fellows participate in weekly Tobacco Treatment service rounds. Fellows also have the chance to participate in research activities conducted through the Service, either by serving as a study therapist or collaborating on scholarly projects.
Organ Transplant Rotation (3 months)
The Yale-New Haven Transplantation Center (YNHTC) provides expert, comprehensive and compassionate care for adult and pediatric patients throughout the world who are candidates for organ transplantation. The YNHTC specializes in liver, kidney, pancreas, and heart transplantation; and is the region's leader in the evaluation and treatment of advanced liver disease.
Within the Yale New Haven Transplantation Center, fellows gain valuable experience with issues related to organ allocation, patient selection, transplant ethics, and the psychological and neurocognitive functioning of patients with acute organ failure and end stage liver and kidney disease. Fellows play a number of important roles in the evaluation and on-going support of liver and kidney transplant candidates. Specifically, fellows provide co-located individual behavioral weight loss, drug and alcohol relapse prevention counseling, smoking cessation, and stress management and relaxation training to adult pre- and post-transplant patients.
Fellows also spend one-half day per week within a multidisciplinary Pediatric Hepatology Clinic and provide consultation along with physicians and nutritionists to patients and families coping with fatty liver disease. Finally, fellows also receive specialized training in the evaluation of live liver donors, and participate in the program's Donor Advocacy Team. Within the transplant program, fellows attend and participate in weekly multidisciplinary meetings and case conferences such as the Liver Transplant Recipient Review Committee and the Donor Advocacy Meeting.
Sleep Medicine Rotation (3 months)
The Yale Sleep Medicine Center evaluates and treats patients with sleep disorders and sleep-related conditions. Accredited by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine, the sleep medicine program offers a coordinated approach to the management of a variety of sleep disorders and related conditions. The sleep medicine team includes physicians and psychologists boarded in sleep medicine in addition to other specialties such internal medicine, pulmonary disease, neurology and pediatrics.
Within the Sleep Medicine Program, fellows work closely with a board-certified sleep psychologist and within a multidisciplinary team while receiving advanced training in cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBTI), an evidence-based treatment for insomnia that is the practice standard. Fellows also receive training in the evaluation and cognitive-behavioral treatment of other sleep-related disorders such as circadian rhythm disorders, narcolepsy, night eating syndrome and parasomnias. Behavioral sleep methods are also used to increase CPAP adherence for patients with obstructive sleep apnea. Fellows review sleep studies and learn about pharmacological ways to manage sleep disorders as well. They also participate in a half-day seminar and case conference sponsored by the Department of Pulmonary, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine and weekly Grand Rounds.
The following evidence-based practices (EBPs) are used in this placement setting. Fellows generally have exposure to most of these EBPs though do not necessarily receive training or supervised experience in all of them. The EBPs include: Acceptance and Commitment Therapy, Cancer to Health Program, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia, Cognitive Behavioral Stress Management and Relaxation Training, Dialectical Behavior Therapy, Dignity Therapy, Meaning Centered Psychotherapy, Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy, Motivational Interviewing and Motivational Enhancement Therapy.
Doctoral fellows at YNHH conduct a variety of brief and comprehensive psychological and neurocognitive diagnostic testing protocols during the year. Assessments may involve the evaluation of newly admitted patients on the psychiatric inpatient units, patients who have been participating in treatment for longer periods in the intensive outpatient ambulatory services programs, or patients who are receiving care within the hospital acute inpatient and outpatient specialty medical services.
Each assessment involves administering and interpreting a variety of instruments, participating in individual testing supervision, consulting with the treatment team about the implications of test results for the patient's treatment, providing feedback to the patient in consultation with the treatment team, and writing a final report. Doctoral fellows may conduct structured diagnostic interviews, as well as brief forms of personality assessment, symptom screening, and neurocognitive testing.
At Yale-New Haven Hospital diversity and inclusion are important components of its organizational values. The hospital is committed to providing an environment of inclusion that supports the diversity of its patients, visitors, employees, business partners and communities. Serving the Greater New Haven area and surrounding Southern New England region, YNHH admits a diverse population of patients, both diagnostically as well as demographically. Racially, approximately 65 percent of patients admitted to the hospital are Caucasian, 15 percent Black, 15 percent Hispanic and 5 percent Asian. Nearly 60 percent of patient’s hospital costs are paid for through Medicare or Medicaid. The hospital is committed to providing the highest standard of care to all patients regardless of socioeconomic status, race, ethnicity, language, nationality, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, religion, geography, disability and age.
Four hours per week of protected time is provided to allow fellows with the opportunity to design and conduct a scholarly project of their choice. Individual project objectives are coordinated with the primary advisor, and/or another faculty mentor involved in a program of active research. Fellows may design a project with faculty within their primary training placement, or request to be matched with other Yale faculty based on their shared interests and faculty availability. The fellow’s scholarly activity can take many forms. In consultation with the faculty advisor, the fellow may choose to engage in an ongoing research project, evaluate a clinical service or program, or help design and implement a new project that will benefit the individuals receiving services within the YNHH system.
Recent faculty mentors have included Drs. Kathy Carroll (Division of Substance Abuse), Dwain Fehon (YNHH), Lisa Fucito (YNHH), Michael Hoge (Psychiatry), Robert Kerns (VA Medical Center) and Nancy Redeker (School of Nursing).
Dwain Fehon, Psy.D., Primary Advisor, Director, Behavioral Medicine
Lisa Fucito, Ph.D., Secondary Advisor; Director, Tobacco Treatment
Kathi Croce, Ph.D., Site Supervisor, AYA Clinic
Jennifer Kilkus, Ph.D, Site Supervisor, Psycho-oncology Clinic
Susan Rubman, Ph.D., Site Supervisor, Organ Transplant
Lynelle Schneeberg, Psy.D., Site Supervisor, Sleep Center
John Cline, Ph.D., Voluntary Faculty Clinical Supervisor
Amit Oren, Ph.D., Voluntary Faculty Clinical Supervisor
Fellows receive, on average, at least four hours of supervision each week. Fellows have weekly individual supervision with their primary advisor, secondary advisor, and additional site supervisors, and outside voluntary faculty supervisors. Fellows also participate in a weekly BMED group supervision meeting, and receive as-needed psychological assessment supervision. Formal evaluations of the fellow’s performance are completed three times a year that serve as opportunities to review progress on training goals and address progress toward mastering core competencies.
Seminars and Specialized Training
Behavioral Medicine fellows attend and participate in the weekly core seminar held within the Department of Psychiatry, as well as separate weekly hospital-based seminars for fellows and other psychology trainees based at YNHH. In addition, Behavioral Medicine fellows have the opportunity to attend multidisciplinary seminars and case conferences with advanced psychiatry fellows, residents, and medical students within the Department of Psychiatry’s Consult Liaison Fellowship program. During their Sleep Medicine rotation, Behavioral Medicine fellows are also able to interact with advanced fellows in pulmonary, critical care and sleep medicine and attend the weekly State Sleep Conference (State of the Art in Sleep Medicine), Research in Progress Sleep Medicine meetings, Sleep Journal Club, and other special events such as the annual Sleep Research Symposium.
Numerous additional didactic health and medicine related case conferences, seminars, and grand rounds are offered through the Yale-New Haven Transplantation Center, Yale Cancer Center, and Yale School of Medicine. Participation in these optional activities is at the discretion of the fellow and their primary advisor as schedules permit.
Strong applicants for this placement generally have prior experience working within medical settings with individuals diagnosed with serious or chronic medical illness, and/or working with individuals on lifestyle and health behaviors that negatively affect health. These applicants will also have experience conducting evidence-based therapies (e.g., cognitive behavior therapy) and have some basic experience with neuropsychological assessment. Fellows who match with this placement typically have a strong interest in the provision of clinical care and/or scholarship related to behavioral medicine or clinical health psychology and show promise for developing into leadership roles.
Applicants selected for this placement must successfully pass background checks conducted by Yale University and Yale-New Haven Hospital.
For Further Information
For more information about this placement site, please e-mail firstname.lastname@example.org.