Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome; Epidemiology; HIV; India; Public Health; Sexually Transmitted Diseases; Global Health; Maternal-Fetal Relations; Risk Reduction Behavior
Public Health Interests
HIV/AIDS; Maternal & child health
Professor Kershaw's research is in the area of HIV/STD prevention and reproductive and maternal-child health. Specifically, he is interested in 1) the role of interpersonal relationships (e.g., romantic, social network, family) on sexual health, reproductive health, mental health, and substance use of adolescents and emerging adults; 2) the development of behavioral interventions to improve sexual, reproductive, and mental health of adolescents and emerging adults; and 3) the use technology and social networking to assess and intervene on risk behavior of adolescents and emerging adults. Currently, he is involved in several research projects assessing the influence of behavioral interventions aimed to reduce the occurrence of HIV/STD and negative perinatal and postnatal outcomes for adolescents and emerging adults in the United States and abroad.
Additionally, Professor Kershaw is interested in methodological and quantitative issues related to designing, implementing, and evaluating applied behavioral interventions. He has expertise in advanced data analytic strategies including structural equation modeling, multi-level modeling, dyadic data analyses, and social network analysis.
Specialized Terms: HIV/STD prevention; Reproductive epidemiology; Maternal-child health epidemiology
Extensive Research Description
Understanding Cell Phone Networks Using Cell Phones: This project uses Mobile Spy (www.mobile-spy.com) software to document all cell phone calls, text messages, and GPS coordinates that members of social networks make to each other to better understand how communication and information flow within networks influences health.
- Kershaw, T.S., Lewis, J.B., Westdahl, C., Wang, Y.F., Rising, S.S., Massey, Z., and Ickovics, J.R. Using Clinical Decision Trees to Prevent Sexually Transmitted Infections during Pregnancy. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, in press.
- Kershaw, T.S., Milan, S., Westdahl, C., Lewis, J.B., Rising, S.S., Fletcher, R., and Ickovics, J.R. Avoidance, Anxiety, and Sex: The Influence of Romantic Attachment on HIV-risk among Pregnant Women. AIDS and Behavior 11: 299-311, 2007.
- Kershaw, T.S., Milan, S., Westdahl, C., Lewis, J.B., Rising, S.S., Fletcher, R., and Ickovics, J.R. Avoidance, Anxiety, and Sex: The Influence of Romantic Attachment on HIV-risk among Pregnant Women. AIDS and Behavior, in press, 2006.
- Kershaw, T.S., Small, M., Joseph, G., Theodore, M., Bateau, R. and Frederic, R. The Influence of Power on HIV Risk among Pregnant Women in Rural Haiti. AIDS and Behavior 10: 309-318, 2006.
- Magee, E., Small, M., Frederic, R., Joseph, G., and Kershaw, T.S. Determinants of HIV/AIDS Risk Behaviors in Expectant Fathers in Haiti. Journal of Urban Health 83: 625-636, 2006.
- Kershaw, T.S., Ickovics, J.R., Lewis, J.B., Niccolai L.M., Milan, S., and Ethier, K.A. Sexual Risk Following a Sexually Transmitted Disease Diagnosis: The More Things Change the More They Stay the Same. Journal of Behavioral Medicine 24: 445-461, 2004.
- Kershaw, T.S., Niccolai, L.M., Ickovics, J.R., Lewis, J.B., Meade, C., and Ethier, K.A. Short and Long-term Impact of Adolescent Pregnancy on Postpartum Contraceptive Use: Implications for Prevention of Repeat Pregnancy. Journal of Adolescent Health 33: 359-365, 2003.
- Kershaw, T.S., Ethier, K.A., Niccolai, L.M., Lewis, J.B., and Ickovics, J.R. Misperceived Risk among Female Adolescents: Social and Psychological Factors Associated with Sexual Risk Accuracy. Health Psychology 22: 523-532, 2003.
- Kershaw, T.S., Niccolai, L.M., Ethier, K.A., Lewis, J.B., and Ickovics, J.R. Perceived Susceptibility to Pregnancy and Sexually Transmitted Disease among Pregnant and Non-pregnant Adolescents. Journal of Community Psychology 31: 419-434, 2003.