Annual or Biannual Boosters Are Optimal for Fighting Endemic COVID-19, Study Shows
A team of scientists led by faculty at the Yale School of Public Health and the University of North Carolina at Charlotte finds that updated boosters administered on an annual or biannual basis greatly reduce the long-term risk of infection from endemic COVID-19.
Introducing Jot — a new open-source tool that help researchers with journal selection
There’s a new tool available to help researchers choose the most appropriate scientific journal for the potential publication of their manuscript. Say hello to Jot: a free, open-source web application that matches manuscripts in the fields of biomedicine and life sciences with suitable journals, based on a manuscript's title, abstract, and (optionally) citations.
Scientists researching new scientific approach to identify cancer origins
Previous studies have shown the connection between age, exposure to carcinogens and the risk of developing cancer due to the accumulation of mutations over time. Scientists from Yale University and Emmanuel College demonstrate a new scientific approach to determine the origins of different types of cancer. Jeffrey Townsend, YSPH Elihu Professor of Biostatistics and Ecology & Evolutionary Biology, was a co-author of the study.Source: The Daily Campus
Study: Vaccines and Booster Shots Are Key to Controlling Spread of COVID Variants
A new study by researchers at the Yale School of Public Health emphasizes the continuing importance of vaccines and booster shots at the individual and population level in controlling infections from highly contagious new variants of COVID-19.
Vaccine Protection Against COVID-19 Short-lived, Booster Shots Important, New Study Says
Since COVID-19 vaccines first became available to protect against infection and severe illness, there has been much uncertainty about how long the protection lasts, and when it might be necessary for individuals to get an additional booster shot. Now, a team of scientists led by faculty at the Yale School of Public Health and the University of North Carolina at Charlotte has an answer: strong protection following vaccination is short-lived.
Frequent rapid-antigen testing can help keep groups of people safe from COVID-19
In a new study, Yale epidemiologists hit upon a more practical strategy for COVID surveillance on the part of companies, teams, schools, and communities. With frequent, regular rapid antigen (RA) testing, plus isolating people who test positive, organizations can cut the risk of out-of-control COVID outbreaks effectively and make long quarantines a thing of the past, the researchers say.
Yale Research Looks at Mutations in Tumor Genes to Tell Us What Causes Cancer
By looking at which mutations in our genes are likely to cause particular cancers, researchers at Yale Cancer Center can tell which are more preventable and which are more related to factors we can’t control, such as aging.Source: New Haven Register
How to Tell whether a Cancer Is Caused by Plain Bad Luck
Cancer results from a combination of spontaneous mutations that arise with age—just call it “bad luck”—and environmental exposures to carcinogens such as tobacco, ultraviolet light or viruses. But the question of the relative contribution of luck—compared with more explicit causes—has generated vigorous debate for years.Source: Scientific American
Yale Study Identifies Causes of Cancers
A team of Yale-led researchers can now quantify the factors causing changes in the DNA that contribute most to cancer growth in tumors of most major tumor types. Their molecular analysis approach brings clarity to a longstanding debate over how much control humans have over developing cancer over time.
Yale Findings Broaden the Repertoire of Cancer-relevant Genes
Following an analysis of over 12,000 human genes, research from Yale Cancer Center indicates there is cancer-relevant importance in a much larger proportion of human genes than current cancer research models suggest. Much of cancer biology research focuses on a few dozen well studied genes called “cancer driver genes.” The new findings demonstrate that a larger number of genes are connected to cancer driver genes and may have an impact on cancer biology. The findings were published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.
Yale Researchers Discover Gene that Drives Breast Cancer Metastasis
Yale researchers found that the epigenetic regulator gene cat eye syndrome chromosome region candidate 2, or CECR2, is responsible for driving breast cancer metastasis –– making it exponentially more difficult to treat.Source: Yale Daily News
Often Three Days or Less: YSPH Researchers Identify Sufficient COVID-19 Travel Quarantine
For the first time, researchers have determined how long a sufficient travel quarantine needs to be to prevent an increase in transmission of COVID-19 within a country. In many cases, researchers found a period of three days or shorter—far less than the prevailing standard of 14 days—is sufficient to prevent travel from increasing incidence of the highly infectious disease.