Michael Kashgarian reflects on Dean Milton Winternitz's reforms at the Yale School of Medicine. Winternitz gave students unprecedented freedom to follow their own interests, a system that still distinguishes medical education at Yale.
To celebrate its first 200 years, Yale School of Medicine has produced a series of short videos focusing on pivotal events and personalities in the school's history.
Vincent Quagliarello tells the dramatic story of the first American life saved by penicillin, a woman who developed an infection after giving birth in New Haven. Yale School of Medicine faculty were able to get the lifesaving new drug to the woman and played a large role in the development of the antibiotic for mass use.
Working on a top-secret project during World War Two, Yale scientists Louis Goodman and Alfred Gilman discovered that nitrogen mustard, a gas that had been used as a weapon against Allied troops in the First World War, had the ability to shrink cancer tumors. With their colleague Dr. Gustav Lindskog, they watched as the first patient responded to the treatment in an experimental procedure at Yale. This moment, says Yale Cancer Center Director Thomas Lynch, was the first demonstration that a drug could be used to treat cancer and led to dramatic improvements in care.
Paul Beeson was renowned for his excellence and compassion as a clinician, his groundbreaking insight as a researcher, and his kindly exactitude as an educator. John Forrest, one of Beeson's last interns, talks about how his mentor managed to do so much so extraordinarily well.
Beatrix McCleary Hamburg was the first African American women to attend Yale School of Medicine. After graduation in 1948 and training in child psychiatry, her research and clinical practice focused on behavioral and developmental issues among adolescents, especially minority children. She was elected to the Institute of Medicine in 1979 and is the mother of the current commissioner of the Food & Drug Administration, Margaret A. Hamburg, M.D.
Yale researcher Dorothy Horstmann made seminal discoveries about the course of polio that supported the ultimate development of a vaccine. Her former mentee, George Miller reflects on Horstmann's science and life. Deputy Dean Carolyn Slayman talks about Horstmann's groundbreaking role as a woman in medicine.