Trial Purpose and Description
The current proposal will develop and test a mobile sleep/alcohol self-monitoring + sleep/alcohol data feedback intervention in 120 heavy-drinking young adults. All participants will wear sleep and alcohol trackers daily. The primary intervention will include: (1) web-based sleep hygiene advice + sleep/alcohol diary self-monitoring + sleep/alcohol data feedback. This condition (n=60) will be compared to the matched control conditions that only include these components: (1) web-based sleep hygiene advice (n=30) or (2) web-based sleep hygiene advice + sleep/alcohol diary self-monitoring (n=30). The primary objective is to evaluate sleep intervention component feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy on alcohol outcomes.
Ages: 18 - 25 years
- 18-25 years of age;
- report ≥ 3 heavy drinking occasions in the last 2 weeks (i.e., ≥5 drinks on 1 occasion for men; ≥4 for women);
- report having concerns about their sleep;
- willing/able to complete daily sleep diaries and wear sleep and alcohol trackers;
- report Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test - Consumption (AUDIT-C) scores indicative of risk of harm from drinking (i.e., ≥7 and ≥5 for men and women, respectively)
- read and understand English;
- have a smartphone that can be used to sync tracker data. An estimated 86% of young adults own a smartphone.
- history of a sleep disorder;
- night or rotating shift work; travel beyond 2 time zones in month prior and/or planned travel beyond 2 time zones during study participation;
- meet criteria for an alcohol use disorder in the past 12 months that is clinically severe defined by: a) a history of seizures, delirium, or hallucinations during alcohol withdrawal; b) report drinking to avoid withdrawal symptoms or have had prior treatment of alcohol withdrawal; c) have required medical treatment of alcohol withdrawal in the past 6 months;
- currently enrolled in alcohol or sleep treatment;
- exhibit current psychiatric illness (i.e., bipolar disorder, schizophrenia, major depression, panic disorder, borderline personality disorder, organic mood or mental disorders, or suicide or violence risk) by history or psychological examination;
- current DSM-V substance use disorder or a positive urine drug screen for opiates, cocaine, barbiturates, benzodiazepines, amphetamines, or phencyclidine.
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism
Start Date: 06/27/2018
End Date: 07/31/2021
Last Updated: 10/08/2018
Study HIC#: 2000021048