Why Is COVID-19 Striking Men Harder Than Women?
Women's Health Research at Yale Director Carolyn M. Mazure and Immunobiology Professor Akiko Iwasaki, discuss how understanding why men suffer more severe cases of COVID-19 and are more likely to die is vital for developing effective strategies that can produce better outcomes for everyone.Source: Time
Yale Scientists Breach Brain Barriers to Attack Tumors
The brain is a sort of fortress, equipped with barriers designed to keep out dangerous pathogens. But protection comes at a cost: These barriers interfere with the immune system when faced with dire threats such glioblastoma, a deadly brain tumor for which there are few effective treatments.
Iwasaki Is Honored by the International Cytokine & Interferon Society
Akiko Iwasaki, PhD, Waldemar Von Zedtwitz Profesor of Immunobiology and Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology; and professor of dermatology, is a 2019 recipient of the Seymour & Vivian Milstein Award for Excellence in Interferon and Cytokine Research, given by the International Cytokine & Interferon Society (ICIS).
New cancer immunotherapy drugs rapidly reach patients after approval
The majority of patients eligible for cancer immunotherapy drugs known as checkpoint inhibitors received treatment within a few months of FDA approval, according to a new Yale-led study. The finding suggests that cancer immunotherapies are adopted at a much quicker pace than is typical for newly approved medical treatments, the researchers said. However, patients receiving the therapies are older than those in the clinical trials used to evaluate them, pointing to a disconnect between research and practice that should be addressed, they noted.
Four Faculty Members Elected to the National Academy of Sciences
In recognition of their outstanding research achievements, four faculty members from the School of Medicine have been elected to the National Academy of Sciences (NAS). Akiko Iwasaki, PhD; Haifan Lin, PhD; David G. Schatz, PhD; and Günter Paul Wagner, PhD, were selected for one of the world’s highest honors that can be bestowed on a scientist.
Study: Topical antibiotic triggers unexpected antiviral response
A Yale-led research team made a startling discovery while investigating the effect of bacteria on viral infections. When they applied a common topical antibiotic to mice before or shortly after infection with herpes and other viruses, they found that the antibiotic triggered an antiviral resistance in the animals, the researchers said.
Study points to potential personalized approach to treating lupus
In individuals with lupus, immune cells attack the body’s own tissue and organs as if they are enemy invaders. A new Yale-led study describes how a protein found in common bacteria triggers that auto-immune response. The finding opens the door to future therapies targeting the bacteria rather than the immune system, the researchers said.
The enemy within: Gut bacteria drive autoimmune disease
Bacteria found in the small intestines of mice and humans can travel to other organs and trigger an autoimmune response, according to a new Yale study. The researchers also found that the autoimmune reaction can be suppressed with an antibiotic or vaccine designed to target the bacteria, they said.
A synthetic approach to helping the immune system thwart infections
Yale researchers have developed a set of synthetic molecules that may help boost the strength of a key, virus-fighting protein. The protein, RIG-I, is an important sensor in the immune system of humans and other animals. It recognizes and responds to viral RNA by surrounding it, latching onto it, and launching the immune system into action. The Yale team, led by biologists Anna Pyle and Akiko Iwasaki, has designed molecules that jump-start the process. These synthetic, stem-loop RNA (SLR) molecules can be visualized as short cords with a knot at one end. The configuration enables the SLRs to bind with RIG-I molecules in a way that prompts an aggressive response.