Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) occurs when the vagina has weakened, allowing various pelvic organs to fall through that area of the weakened vagina. The two main symptoms of POP are feeling of a bulge in the vaginal area and seeing part of the vagina come out.
POP can occur within three anatomical locations within the vagina:
- Apical prolapse is when the inner most part of the vagina has weakened. Here, the uterus and small bowel can fall through.
- Anterior wall vaginal prolapse is indicated by weakened support of the “top” part of the vagina, which can allow the bladder to fall through.
- Posterior vaginal wall prolapse is weakened support of the “bottom” part of the vagina, allowing the rectum to fall through.