Chen Liu, MD, PhD, Is Named Chair of Pathology
Chen Liu, MD, PhD, has been chosen to be the next chair of the Department of Pathology at Yale School of Medicine and chief of Pathology at Yale New Haven Hospital, effective March 1, 2020. He comes from Rutgers Biomedical and Health Sciences in New Jersey.
Researchers Identify Stem Cell Source of Key Process in Female Reproduction
Each month during women’s reproductive years, the uterus sheds and regenerates the tissue lining its walls in preparation for a pregnancy or the next cycle. The process behind this age-old and essential part of human reproduction is not well understood. But recent research led by Yale pathologist Wang Min identifies stem cells and a gene that contribute to this monthly event.
Study explores new strategy to develop a malaria vaccine
A serum developed by Yale researchers reduces infection from malaria in mice, according to a new study. It works by attacking a protein in the saliva of the mosquitos infected with the malaria parasite rather than the parasite itself. If the novel approach proves effective in further studies, it could potentially be used to enhance existing malaria vaccines, the researchers said.
Researchers develop a novel RNA-based therapy to target West Nile Virus
A Yale-led research team developed a new RNA therapy, delivered through the nose, to treat mice infected with West Nile Virus. The innovative approach reduced the virus in the brain, allowing the immune system to destroy the virus and develop long-term protection against West Nile Virus disease, the researchers said.
Yale, Kenyan scientists renew collaboration on tsetse fly research
President Salovey and Serap Aksoy, professor of epidemiology at the Yale School of Public Health, took part in a signing ceremony with the Kenya Agricultural Research and Livestock Organization and Kenyan Wildlife Service to continue an existing collaboration in the biomedical sciences in the area of vector biology.
The enemy within: Gut bacteria drive autoimmune disease
Bacteria found in the small intestines of mice and humans can travel to other organs and trigger an autoimmune response, according to a new Yale study. The researchers also found that the autoimmune reaction can be suppressed with an antibiotic or vaccine designed to target the bacteria, they said.
Yale enhances its cytometry capabilities
The methods and equipment used to probe cellular questions are rapidly advancing—including, at Yale, through the addition in 2014 of CyTOF, or Cytometry Time-Of-Flight, and this past June of the CyTOF Imaging Mass Cytometer (IMC), which greatly expands Yale's ability to examine specimens that are analyzed both for clinical diagnosis and for basic research.Source: Medicine@Yale
New test shows when body is fighting a virus
A new test that measures RNA or protein molecules in human cells can accurately identify viral infection as a cause of respiratory symptoms, according to a Yale study published Dec. 21 in The Journal of Infectious Diseases. Performed with a simple nasal swab, the test could prove to be a quicker, cheaper way to diagnose respiratory viral illnesses than current methods, the researchers said.
Yale doctor creates new weapons to kill cancer
The battle against cancer is increasingly being fought on the genetic level, and Dr. Samuel Katz is aiding the body’s immune system by creating safer, more effective weapons. His research is focused on treating cancers of the blood, such as multiple myeloma, Hodgkin’s lymphoma and acute myeloid leukemia, but his technique could eventually be used against solid tumors as well, including cancers of the breast, ovary, pancreas and colon. Most gene therapy uses genetically modified DNA in the body’s T lymphocytes — a type of white blood cell that is an integral part of the body’s immune system — to find, attack and kill cancer cells.Source: New Haven Register
Residence in Some Connecticut Watersheds and Legionnaires’ Disease Linked in New YSPH Study
Researchers seeking to pinpoint the cause of a rise in Legionnaires’ disease over the past decade in Connecticut discovered a link between those living near some of the state’s rivers and within specific watersheds.
Zika-related nerve damage caused by immune response to the virus
The immune system’s response to the Zika virus, rather than the virus itself, may be responsible for nerve-related complications of infection, according to a Yale study. This insight could lead to new ways of treating patients with Zika-related complications, such as Guillain-Barré syndrome, the researchers said.