Research Departments & Organizations
Biological Evolution; Colombia; Communicable Diseases, Emerging; DDT; El Salvador; Entomology; Genetics; Global Health; Guatemala; Honduras; Insect Vectors; Leishmaniasis; Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous; Leishmaniasis, Visceral; Malaria; West Nile virus; Yellow Fever
Tools of molecular genetics focused on the insect vector provide clues to genomic organization, population structure and evolutionary relationships. Dr. Munstermann’s research emphasizes three genetic approaches: (1) Gene linkage mapping provides genetic backbone for isolating genes and macrogenomic evolution; (2) Genetic variability within an insect species in the form of isoenzymes or DNA base pair substitutions indicate population structure, population origin or taxonomic relatedness; and (3) Identification of closely related vector species by (biochemical) genetic means. Research organisms are Aedes mosquitoes and phlebotomine sand flies of New and Old World.
A long term research focus is the geographic distribution of the insect vectors and the association with disease transmission. Species distribution maps, correlation to environmental factors and location of disease cases form a data matrix analyzable in a Geographical Information System. To better predict risk of disease outbreak-knowledge of vector species involved, vector distribution, and vector competence is required. These have been applied in the Mosquitoes of Sardinia Project and the Biogeography of New World Sand Flies.
Specialized Terms: Molecular genetics; Insect vectors; Phlebotomine sand flies; Entomology; Phylogeny; Taxonomy; Speciation
Extensive Research Description
- Systematic Revision of the Genus Lutzomyia (400 species), New World Vectors of Leishmaniasis
- Insect biodiversity in tropical forests
- New Trap Methods for Insect Vectors
- Translating Research in Medical Entomology intoK-12 Curricula
- Epidemiological Interactions between Human,Sandfly, Reservoir Host and Parasite in a Novel Epidemic Situation of Cutaneous leishmaniasis.
Biological Research in Colombia Colombia (2008)
Professor Munstermann is on the editorial board of Biomedica, the internationally recognized research journal of the National Institute of Health (Instituto Nacional de Salud), Bogotá, Colombia.
Biology and Genetics - Consultant to US Army Guatemala; Honduras; El Salvador (2008)
Professor Munstermann is a consultant to the civilian research arm of the US military - the US Army Center of Health for Promotion and Preventive Medicine - West. He advises on issues of biology and genetics research in El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras.
Taxonomy of Sand Flies (Lutzomyia Verrucarum Group) in South America Colombia (2007)
Professor Munstermann works to establish a new taxonomy for the 400 sand fly species in the genus Lutzomyia.
Light-emitting diode technology improves insect trapping.
Cohnstaedt LW, Gillen JI, Munstermann LE. Light-emitting diode technology improves insect trapping. Journal Of The American Mosquito Control Association 2008, 24:331-4. 2008
Population Genetics of Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) Invading Populations, Using Mitochondrial nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Dehydrogenase Subunit 5 Sequences.
Usmani-Brown S, Cohnstaedt L, Munstermann LE. Population Genetics of Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) Invading Populations, Using Mitochondrial nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide Dehydrogenase Subunit 5 Sequences. Annals Of The Entomological Society Of America 2009, 102:144-150. 2009
Leishmania (Viannia) infection in the domestic dog in Chaparral, Colombia.
Santaella J, Ocampo CB, Saravia NG, Méndez F, Góngora R, Gomez MA, Munstermann LE, Quinnell RJ. Leishmania (Viannia) infection in the domestic dog in Chaparral, Colombia. The American Journal Of Tropical Medicine And Hygiene 2011, 84:674-80. 2011
Environmental risk factors for the incidence of American cutaneous leishmaniasis in a sub-Andean zone of Colombia (Chaparral, Tolima).
Valderrama-Ardila C, Alexander N, Ferro C, Cadena H, Marín D, Holford TR, Munstermann LE, Ocampo CB. Environmental risk factors for the incidence of American cutaneous leishmaniasis in a sub-Andean zone of Colombia (Chaparral, Tolima). The American Journal Of Tropical Medicine And Hygiene 2010, 82:243-50. 2010
Phylogenetics of the phlebotomine sand fly group Verrucarum (Diptera: Psychodidae: Lutzomyia).
Cohnstaedt LW, Beati L, Caceres AG, Ferro C, Munstermann LE. Phylogenetics of the phlebotomine sand fly group Verrucarum (Diptera: Psychodidae: Lutzomyia). The American Journal Of Tropical Medicine And Hygiene 2011, 84:913-22. 2011