Our laboratory is interested in understanding congenital birth defects. Many children are born with various birth defects including defects of the heart, brain, lungs, and face. These birth defects often require surgery and can be difficult to treat for the child. We hope to discover the genes that lead to these birth defects with the hope of improving our understanding of how human development (embryology) occurs.
My laboratory is interested in the problem of birth defects that occur when embryonic patterning fails to occur properly. A fertilized egg must activate a complex genetic program in order to form functional adult structures. Failure to do so correctly leads to congenital malformations in children, the main cause of infant mortality in the US. We are particularly interested in cellular signals and transcriptional regulation that lead to particular fate changes that specify new tissue types during development. We are also interested in morphogenesis that provides shape to the developing embryo.
Our main approach is to analyze genes identified in infants and children that have birth defects.
We focus on Xenopus as a model system because it is the most closely related human model that is easily and rapidly manipulated. Also there are many congenital malformation genes to analyze and the low cost of Xenopus allows us to study many of these genes by engaging in high-throughput screens. Our main focus is:
Embryo, Nonmammalian; Germ Layers; Notochord; Organizers, Embryonic; Neural Plate