The impact of body image dissatisfaction on psychological distress and health-related quality of life among patients in methadone treatment
Declan Barry, PhD, associate processor of psychiatry, alongside co-authors Mark Beitel, PhD, assistant clinical professor of psychiatry, and Meagan Carr, PhD, postdoctoral fellow, recently published one of the first studies to examine body image dissatisfaction among patients receiving methadone maintenance treatment.Source: The American Journal on Addictions
Yale Study: Transdiagnostic Connectome-Based Prediction of Craving
Kathleen Garrison, PhD; Rajita Sinha, PhD; Marc Potenza, MD, PhD; and Dustin Scheinost, PhD, are co-authors of a paper in American Journal of Psychiatry that uses connectome-based predictive modeling to predict self-reported craving from brain functional connectivity data.Source: American Journal of Psychiatry
Yale Study: Psychiatric Comorbidity as a Prospective Predictor of Long-Term Weight and Psychosocial Outcomes After Bariatric Surgery
Valentina Ivezaj, PhD, assistant professor of psychiatry; Abhaya Dilip, BS, postgraduate associate; and Carlos Grilo, PhD, professor of psychiatry and of psychology, are co-authors of a paper in General Hospital Psychiatry that examines differences in weight and psychosocial functioning outcomes based on lifetime and current (post-surgical) psychiatric comorbidity.Source: General Hospital Psychiatry
Investigating the associations of acute psychedelic experiences and changes in racial trauma symptoms, psychological flexibility, and substance use among People with Racial and Ethnic Minoritized Identities in the United States and Canada
Angela Haeny, PhD, assistant professor of psychiatry, and a team of Yale Psychiatry researchers investigated the impact of psychedelics on substance use outcomes among people of color.Source: Journal of Substance Use and Addiction Treatment
Improving Heart Bypass Surgery Recovery for Women Takes Innovation and Representation in Research
Twenty years after a study funded by Women's Health Research at Yale uncovered that women face the risk of poorer outcomes after heart bypass surgery, new research finds the increased risk for women persists despite improved overall outcomes. But, with increased representation of women in clinical research and innovation in targets of study, we can overcome the gender gap.
Study: Purpose in Life and Social Connection Protect Against Suicidal Thoughts and Behaviors During COVID-19 Pandemic
Research has shown that U.S. veterans are at high risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviors and death by suicide. In fact, prior to the pandemic in 2019, veterans accounted for 12 percent of all suicide deaths despite accounting for approximately 6 percent of the total population. A new study led by National Center for PTSD and Yale researchers analyzed data from a nationally representative sample of U.S. veterans to understand how the COVID-19 pandemic may have led to changes in suicidal thoughts and behaviors. The results were published online April 5 in JAMA Psychiatry.
Mapping Heat Vulnerability of a Community Mental Health Center Population
Walter S. Mathis, MD, assistant professor of psychiatry, and Caroline Dumont, MD, assistant professor of clinical psychiatry, co-authored a paper published in Springer Nature evaluating the correlation of prevalence of individuals treated at a community mental health center to heat vulnerability.Source: Springer Nature
Neural Valuation of Rewards and Punishments in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Computational Approach
A new Yale study sought to unveil the neural mechanism which may govern deficits in decision making under uncertainty in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Investigators from the Yale PTSD Stress Lab, directed by Ilan Harpaz-Rotem, PhD, professor of psychiatry and of psychology, and the Yale Decision Neuroscience Lab, directed by Ifat Levy, PhD, associate professor and vice chair of diversity, equity and inclusion in comparative medicine, collaborated on the study, published in Translational Psychiatry.
Psilocybin-Assisted Therapy for Major Depressive Disorder: An Exploratory Placebo-Controlled, Fixed-Order Trial
Jordan Sloshower, MD, MSc, clinical instructor of psychiatry, and Deepak Cyril D'Souza, MD, Albert E Kent Professor of Psychiatry, are first and senior authors, respectively, of a paper in Journal of Psychopharmacology that found depression and anxiety significantly improved following both placebo and psilocybin-assisted therapy with no significant difference in the degree of change between the two conditions.Source: Journal of Psychopharmacology
Study: Daily Consumption of a High-Fat, High-Sugar Snack Alters Reward Circuits in Brain
Snacks high in sugar and fat are great for an occasional treat, but when enjoyed daily for several weeks they can rewire the brain and trigger a shift in eating preferences away from low-fat food, according to a new study in Cell Metabolism.
Applying Scientific Research to Our Lives
New medical research findings are published every day, and the results are frequently picked up by mainstream media sources. Before you apply the results of any given study to your daily life, you should consider if the research findings are relevant to you.
Study Probes Connection Between Excessive Screen Media Activity and Mental Health Problems in Youth
Smartphones, tablets, gaming systems, and other screen devices have become a major temptation for people of all ages, but a new study is focusing on the possible connection between excessive screen media activity and mental health problems in youth.
Yale Study: Regular Cannabis Use is Associated With History of Childhood and Lifetime Trauma
Anahita Bassir Nia, MD; Jeremy Weleff, DO; Nia Fogelman, PhD; and Rajita Sinha, PhD, are co-authors of a paper in Journal of Psychiatric Research that found people who use cannabis regularly have higher rates of childhood trauma and lifetime trauma.Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Association of Recent and Past Suicide Attempts With Health-Related Quality of Life
Tanner J. Bommersbach, MD, MPH; Robert A. Rosenheck, MD; and Greg Rhee, PhD, are co-authors of a paper in The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry that studies the association of suicide attempts with changes in measures of overall health-related quality of life.Source: The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry