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“Abusers" and "Addicts": YSM MD Students Advocate for Eliminating Stigmatizing Language from USMLE Step 1 Prep Materials

As they were preparing for Step 1 of the United States Medical Licensing Exam (USMLE) in 2020, Yale School of Medicine (YSM) MD students Zoe Adams ’22, Elizabeth Fitzsousa ’21, and Marina Gaeta ’22 frequently saw terms such as “abuser,” “addict,” and “alcoholic” within popular practice exam materials, including question banks—materials students spend hundreds, if not thousands, of hours using.

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