A brief biography, prepared by the Department of Surgery, honoring Dr. Hammond’s profound contributions to Yale and the surgical sciences is found below.
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In Memoriam: Graeme L. Hammond, MD 1933–2019
The Department of Surgery of the Yale School of Medicine mourns the passing of Graeme Lord Hammond, MD, professor emeritus of surgery. Dr. Hammond was an internationally recognized surgeon-scientist in cardiac diseases.
Born in New York City on January 30, 1933, Dr. Hammond received his medical degree from McGill University after serving in the United States Army. His surgery training at Massachusetts General Hospital included a year in the research laboratory of Dr. Austen. He joined the Yale School of Medicine faculty as an assistant professor in 1969, was appointed associate professor in 1972, and rose to the rank of full professor in 1979. He served as interim chief of Cardiothoracic Surgery from 1986-1987. He retired from a surgical career and became emeritus professor in 2006, continuing as a senior research scientist until 2008.
At Yale, Dr. Hammond catalyzed numerous surgical innovations and carried out groundbreaking research through many collaborations. He was the first to perform coronary artery bypass grafting in the region. His early research focused on coronary blood flow and he was later interested in xenotransplantation. Highlights of his diverse accomplishments include defining molecular signals for initiating protein synthesis in organ hypertrophy and the suppression of major histocompatibility complex antigen expression by noncoding RNA. He was an established investigator of the American Heart Association and received funding for his research from the National Institutes of Health for a 30-year span.
During his productive career, Dr. Hammond received numerous awards and honors and was a member of many surgical societies, including the American Surgical Association, the New England Surgical Society, the American Association for Thoracic Surgery, and the Society of University Surgeons. Dr. Hammond had an international reputation and was invited as a visiting professor throughout the country and abroad. He was an esteemed clinical trainer and mentor to generations of students, general surgery residents, and cardiothoracic surgical fellows, many of whom have become leaders in surgery. He was a member of the National Board of Medical examiners and he co-edited a standard textbook of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery.
Education & Training
- MDMcGill University (1962)
- FellowMassachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA
- ResidentMassachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA
- InternRoyal Victoria Hopsital, Barrie, Ontario, Canada
- Transgenic PigsUnited Kingdom 2008Professor Hammond is engaged in preliminary discussions on developing cloned and/or transgenic pigs for human transplantation
- Visiting Professor, 10th International Conference on Isozymes, Markert Memorial, Chinese Academy of ScienceBeijing, China 1999Visiting Professor, 10th International Conference on Isozymes, Markert Memorial, Chinese Academy of Science
- Visiting Professor, University of Istanbul, Istanbul School of Medicine Teaching HospitalIstanbul, Turkey 1997Visiting Professor, University of Istanbul, Istanbul School of Medicine Teaching Hospital
- Visiting Professor, Russian Medical Military AcademySt. Petersburg, Russia 1995Visiting Professor, Russian Medical Military Academy
Honors & Recognition
|Master of Arts, Honoris Causa||Yale University, New Haven, CT||1979|
|Established Investigator||American Heart Association||1972,1976|