Strategies to accelerate diagnosis and treatment of rare cardiovascular diseases
The current landscape for patients with rare cardiovascular disease has shifted. Using genome sequencing Yale physician-scientists have begun to elucidate the pathophysiology of genetic disorders and develop treatment guidelines and recommendations.
Geneticist Sidi Chen Receives Large Award Which Will Further His Breast Cancer Work
This Department of Defense award goes to the “best and brightest in their fields,” and recognizes “creative and innovative individuals.” Investigators are chosen for their ability “to go beyond conventional thinking” in their respective areas of expertise.
Yale Cancer Researchers Suggest New Treatment for Rare Inherited Cancer
Studying two rare inherited cancer syndromes, Yale Cancer Center (YCC) scientists have found the cancers are driven by a breakdown in how cells repair their DNA. The discovery, published today in Nature Genetics, suggests a promising strategy for treatment with drugs recently approved for other forms of cancer.
Two Yale School of Medicine MD-PhD Students Receive Prestigious Soros Fellowship for New Americans
Jonathan Marques and Diana Yanez, both currently in the School of Medicine’s (YSM) MD-PhD program, have been selected as 2018 Soros Fellows. Marquez and Yanez are among 30 recipients of the Paul & Daisy Soros Fellowships for New Americans. Fellows, all of whom are children of immigrants to the Unites States, Deferred Action for Childhood Arrival recipients, green card holders, or naturalized citizens, were selected from a pool of 1,766 applicants for their potential to make significant contributions to United States society, culture, or their academic fields, and for their commitment to the United States’ fundamental principles and ideals.
Clinical trials take innovative approach
Since their arrivals at Yale within the past six years, Joseph Paul Eder, MD, and Patricia LoRusso, DO, have overseen a sharp increase in the number of clinical trials conducted by the Phase I Program at Yale Cancer Center. Bench investigators and the clinicians who design and conduct early-phase trials interact regularly, each sharing knowledge with the other that both strengthens the basic science and brings new discoveries to patients more quickly and effectively.
Study illuminates tiny RNA’s role in heart disease, obesity
A tiny RNA molecule plays a big role in the development of two diseases affecting billions of people worldwide: heart disease and obesity. Yale researchers have found that by disrupting this microRNA in key tissues, they can reduce plaque buildup in arteries while avoiding unintended effects.
Yale scientists identify key defect in brain tumor cells
In a new study, Yale Cancer Center researchers identified a novel genetic defect that prevents brain tumor cells from repairing damaged DNA. They found that the defect is highly sensitive to an existing FDA-approved drug used to treat ovarian cancer — a discovery that challenges current practice for treatment of brain tumors and other cancers with the same genetic defect, said the scientists.
The promise of precision medicine for rheumatoid arthritis
In a new study, a Yale-led research team identified the mechanism of a gene that raises the risk of severe rheumatoid arthritis in susceptible individuals. The finding may lead to the development of treatment based on the genetic profiles of arthritis patients, the researchers said.
Yale Stem Cell Center will host two-day symposium to celebrate its 10th anniversary
Since it was founded in 2006, the Yale Stem Cell Center has supported the ground-breaking work of researchers and scientists working in basic stem cell research and translational science. On Thursday, Nov. 10, and Friday, Nov. 11, the center will hold a symposium in honor of its 10th anniversary.
The silencer: Study reveals how a cancer gene promotes tumor growth
A Yale-led study describes how a known cancer gene, EGFR, silences genes that typically suppress tumors. The finding, published in Cell Reports, may lead to the development of more effective, individualized treatment for patients with lung cancer and other cancer types.
Yale scientists identify gene that regulates the growth of melanoma
Yale Cancer Center researchers have identified a gene in melanoma that can dramatically affect the growth of the disease. The findings, published in the journal Cell Reports, provide new insight into how melanoma grows and identifies a new target for treatment of melanoma and other cancers.
Research in the news: Yale study pinpoints key genetic factor behind autoimmune diseases, cancer
Scientists have long known that variations in specific human genes are associated with distinct patterns of disease, but an understanding of the molecular mechanisms has remained elusive until now. A team of Yale researchers has untangled that mystery for a key immune response gene, a discovery which could lead to more personalized treatment for conditions such as lupus and cancer.
Yale study identifies ‘major player’ in skin cancer genes
A multidisciplinary team at Yale, led by Yale Cancer Center members, has defined a subgroup of genetic mutations that are present in a significant number of melanoma skin cancer cases. Their findings shed light on an important mutation in this deadly disease, and may lead to more targeted anti-cancer therapies.
New tool helps identify lung cancer patients who will respond to immune therapies
A Yale-led team of researchers has developed a new assay, or investigative tool, to measure the anti-tumor immune activity in non-small cell lung cancer tumors that could lead to a more accurate determination of which patients will respond to immune therapy drugs. Findings from the study were published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute.
Research in the news: Yale team uncovers genetic trigger for immune response
The thousands of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) molecules present in each cell are known primarily for their role converting food and oxygen into energy. But Yale researchers have identified an unexpected relationship between mtDNA and the innate immune response.
A tiny RNA with a big role in melanoma
A Yale-led study has identified a key mechanism in the regulation of gene expression that promotes the proliferation of melanoma cells. The finding opens a possible avenue for development of treatments that target this mechanism. The study appears online Feb. 18 in the journal eLife.