Strategies to accelerate diagnosis and treatment of rare cardiovascular diseases
The current landscape for patients with rare cardiovascular disease has shifted. Using genome sequencing Yale physician-scientists have begun to elucidate the pathophysiology of genetic disorders and develop treatment guidelines and recommendations.
Researchers Identify Stem Cell Source of Key Process in Female Reproduction
Each month during women’s reproductive years, the uterus sheds and regenerates the tissue lining its walls in preparation for a pregnancy or the next cycle. The process behind this age-old and essential part of human reproduction is not well understood. But recent research led by Yale pathologist Wang Min identifies stem cells and a gene that contribute to this monthly event.
Yale Cancer Center Scientists Receive Grant to Advance Lung Cancer Research
Katerina Politi, PhD and Don Nguyen, PhD, members of the Signal Transduction Research Program at Yale Cancer Center (YCC), have received a 5-year, nearly $4 million National Cancer Institute (NCI) grant to support Lung Cancer research.
Genetic Sequencing Uncovers Causes for Mysterious Liver Disease in Adults
In up to 30% of individuals with chronic liver disease, the cause is unknown. To test for possible genetic factors in such cases, Yale researchers conducted whole-exome sequencing for a small group of patients, finding specific mutations that would have otherwise been missed. The results led to accurate diagnoses and informed treatment for a subset of the patient participants, the researchers said.
How do hair follicles grow? A Yale-led study untangles the science
An outstanding question in dermatology that researchers have studied for decades is: How do hair follicles emerge from a sea of seemingly uniform skin cells during embryonic development? New research findings from a Yale-led team offer answers to that question, which may lead to strategies for regenerating lost hair follicles in adults.
Yale experts treat severe, disfiguring sarcoidosis with novel therapy
An all-Yale team of researchers successfully treated a patient with disfiguring sarcoidosis, a disease that can affect multiple organs, with a drug approved for rheumatoid arthritis. Successful treatment of two other patients with similarly severe disease suggests an effective treatment for an incurable, sometimes life-threatening illness is within reach.
Yale Cancer Center Scientists Advise Caution in Immunotherapy Research
In a new study, Yale Cancer Center scientists suggest that as the number of clinical trials in cancer immunotherapy grows exponentially, some caution should be exercised as we continue to better understand the biology of these new therapeutic targets.
3-D Color X-Rays Could Help Spot Deadly Disease Without Surgery
Researchers in New Zealand have captured three-dimensional color X-rays of the human body, using an innovative tool that may eventually help diagnose cancers and blood diseases without invasive surgery. The new tool could serve as “a diagnostic road map to a destination,” according to Dr. Gary E. Friedlaender, an orthopedic surgeon at Yale University who treats bone cancers found in complex locations, such as inside the pelvis. “It’s about being able to first find the explanation for somebody’s symptoms, like a tumor, and then find the best way to reach it with the least amount of detours and misadventures,” he said. “We want to minimize the damage to normal tissues.”Source: NYT
Yale Cancer Researchers Suggest New Treatment for Rare Inherited Cancer
Studying two rare inherited cancer syndromes, Yale Cancer Center (YCC) scientists have found the cancers are driven by a breakdown in how cells repair their DNA. The discovery, published today in Nature Genetics, suggests a promising strategy for treatment with drugs recently approved for other forms of cancer.
Study probes the role of key protein linked to heart disease, diabetes
Diet-induced diabetes, obesity, and heart disease are leading causes of death worldwide. In their search for novel therapies for these related chronic illnesses, Yale researchers investigated a protein called ANGPTL4. The protein plays an essential role in regulating the metabolism of lipoproteins, which transport fat and lipids in the bloodstream, and has been associated with increased risk of heart disease in humans.
Yale Center for Biomedical Data Science is about ‘positive impact’
Big data is getting bigger. By 2025, genomics will have surpassed astronomy, Twitter, and YouTube to become the largest data-generating enterprise by far. What began 65 years ago when Watson, Crick, and Franklin unlocked the double helix of DNA has become, in just the past few years, an exponentially growing archive of individual genomes. Yale’s Center for Genome Analysis actually holds the ninth largest genomic library in the world.
Aging impairs innate immune response to flu
Aging impairs the immune system’s response to the flu virus in multiple ways, weakening resistance in older adults, according to a Yale study. The research reveals why older people are at increased risk of illness and death from flu, the researchers said.
Yale doctor creates new weapons to kill cancer
The battle against cancer is increasingly being fought on the genetic level, and Dr. Samuel Katz is aiding the body’s immune system by creating safer, more effective weapons. His research is focused on treating cancers of the blood, such as multiple myeloma, Hodgkin’s lymphoma and acute myeloid leukemia, but his technique could eventually be used against solid tumors as well, including cancers of the breast, ovary, pancreas and colon. Most gene therapy uses genetically modified DNA in the body’s T lymphocytes — a type of white blood cell that is an integral part of the body’s immune system — to find, attack and kill cancer cells.Source: New Haven Register