Clinical Informatics

The Clinical Informatics development team of the Yale Pathology Informatics Program develops software for clinical use, with a focus on improving anatomic pathology workflow and patient safety.


The software is developed as web-based applications, and integrates to varying degrees with our departments anatomic pathology laboratory information system, CoPath.

The unit does not directly provide diagnostic services.

Bio Profile

John Sinard, MD, PhD

Director, Pathology Informatics

Professor of Pathology and of Ophthalmology and Visual Science

Vice Chair Pathology

Director, Anatomic Pathology

Medical Director, Pathology Informatics

Research Interests

Informatics; Ophthalmology; Pathology

Clinical Interests

Conjunctival Diseases; Corneal Diseases; Endocrine Gland Neoplasms; Eye Neoplasms; Eyelid Diseases; Head and Neck Neoplasms; Male Urogenital Diseases; Medical Laboratory Science; Neoplasms by Histologic Type; Neoplasms by Site; Neoplasms, Complex and Mixed; Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal; Orbital Diseases; Quality Control; Retinal Diseases; Retroperitoneal Neoplasms; Thoracic Neoplasms; Urogenital Neoplasms; Urologic Diseases; Uveal Diseases

John Sinard is a board-certified anatomic pathologist. He received his bachelor's degree from Harvard University, and his M.D. and Ph.D. degrees from Johns Hopkins. His residency training was at Yale-New Haven Hospital. He is the Vice Chair of Pathology and Director of Anatomic Pathology and is active on the autopsy and surgical pathology services, with a specialty interest in ophthalmic pathology. He founded the Pathology Informatics Program, and has been developing software for over 30 years....

View Full Profile

Bio Profile

Peter Gershkovich, MD, MHA

Associate Director, Pathology Informatics

Research Scientist in Pathology

Director, Pathology Informatics

Dr. Peter Gershkovich received his medical degree from the Altay State Medical Institute, Barnaul, Russia. After graduation, he remained in his alma mater, getting a prestigious position as an assistant professor the Department of Physiology where he developed strong interest in information technology and its practical applications for the computerized assessment of cardiac and respiratory function. After immigrating to the US at the end of 1993 and receiving Master’s degree in Health...

View Full Profile

Bio Profile

Neil Mutnick

Senior Software Engineer

View Full Profile

Abstracts from Meetings

  • Sinard, J., P. Gershkovich, W Freis, A. Daley. (2009)  Use of a repetitive task scheduling engine for workflow automation and rare event detection in a clinical environment.  [Advancing Practice, Instruction & Innovation through Informatics, 13th Annual Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA]  Arch. Pathol. Lab Med.  133(7): 1155.

  • Sinard, J. and P. Gershkovich. (2009)  Semi-automated archiving of scanned requisition documents in anatomic pathology.  [Advancing Practice, Instruction & Innovation through Informatics, 13th Annual Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA]  Arch. Pathol. Lab Med.  133(7): 1155.

  • Gershkovich, P. and J. Sinard.  (2010)  Integrating digital dictation and anatomic pathology LIS.  [Advancing Practice, Instruction & Innovation through Informatics, 14th Annual Meeting, Pittsburgh, PA]  Arch. Pathol. Lab Med. 134: 938.

  • Gershkovich, P. and J.H. Sinard.  (2009)  Web-based dictation portal for management and integration of digital dictation files into anatomic pathology workflow. [American Medical Informatics Association, 2009 Annual Meeting, San Francisco, CA]

  • Sinard, J.H., N. Mutnick, P. Gershkovich (2010) Histology Asset Tracking: Hidden practices and their consequences.  [Association of Pathology Informatics, 2010 Annual Meeting, Boston, MA]  J. Pathol. Inform.  1(18): 4-5.


Informatics Publications

  • Sinard JH, Mattie ME.  Overcoming the limitations of integrated clinical digital imaging solutions.  Arch. Pathol. Lab Med.  2005 Sep; 129(9): 1118-1126.  PMID: 16119983

  • Lee RH, McClintock DS, Balis UJ, Baron JM, Becich MJ, Beckwith BA, Brodsky VB, Carter AB, Dighe AS, Haghighi M, Hipp JD, Henricks WH, Kim JY, Klepseis VE, Kuo FC, Lane WJ, Levy BP, Onozato ML, Park SL, Sinard JH, Tuthill JM, Gilbertson JR.  Pathology Informatics Fellowship Retreats: The use of interactive scenarios and case studies as pathology informatics teaching tools.  J. Pathol. Informatics.  2012 Nov; 3: 41.  PMID: 23248762

  • Sinard JH, Gershkovich P.  Custom software development for use in a clinical laboratory.  J. Pathol. Informatics.  2012 Dec; 3: 44.  PMID: 23372985

  • Pantanowitz L, Sinard JH, Henricks WH, Fatheree LA, Carter AB, Contis L, Beckwith BA, Evans AJ, Otis CN, Lal A, Parwani AV.  Validating whole slide imaging for diagnostic purposes in pathology: guideline from the College of American Pathologists (CAP) Pathology and Laboratory Quality Center.  Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.  2013 Dec; 137(12): 1710-1722 [EPub 2013 May 1].  PMID: 23634907

  • Pantanowitz L, Mackinnon AC, Sinard JH.  Tracking in Anatomic Pathology.  Arch. Pathol. Lab. Med.  2013 Dec; 137(12): 1798-1810 [EPub 2013 May 1].  PMID: 23634908