Menopause is a stage in a woman’s life when she stops having her periods due to aging related decline in the number of eggs in her ovaries. The average age of menopause is approximately 51 years. As the life expectancy of women has nearly doubled in the 20th century, women in developed countries can expect to spend approximately 1/3 of their lives in menopause. Additionally, for 1 in 10 (10%) women, menopause may be earlier (after age 40). When menopause occurs before age 40, it is said to be “premature”; this occurs in approximately 1 out 100 women (1%).
While menopause is a “normal” occurrence in the process of aging, some women may experience bothersome symptoms as they approach and enter menopause (such as hot flashes, night sweats, poor nighttime sleep, vaginal dryness, reduced libido and fatigue). Some weight gain, thinning of scalp hair and even depressive symptoms and new onset anxiety may additionally be experienced by some. While menopausal symptoms can be particularly challenging for a subset of reproductively aging women, for others, health concerns such as bone loss, increased risk for bone fractures, weight gain and deterioration in metabolic profile (such as problems with blood sugar and cholesterol control) and an increase in risk for heart disease are apparent in the years after entry into menopause. Both early and premature menopause present unique challenges to the affected women. Menopausal symptoms and health burden are recognized to result from aging related decline and then loss of ovarian hormone estrogen.
- Hot flushes
- Night sweats
- Vaginal dryness
- Discomfort during sex
- Discomfort during passage of urine and frequent urinary tract infections
- Interrupted nighttime sleep with difficulty staying asleep
- New onset anxiety and depressive symptoms
- Thinning of scalp hair
- Slight excess of facial hair
- Dryness of skin
- Diagnosis and management of bothersome menopausal symptoms with use of hormonal, non-hormonal and alternative treatment options
- Diagnosis and management of premature and early menopause
- Management and reduction of health risks of menopausal years such as osteoporosis, diabetes and heart disease and mood symptoms.
- Donor egg IVF to address fertility needs of early menopausal women
Why choose Yale for your menopausal treatment?
Yale physicians and researchers have been at the forefront of cutting edge research in the field of menopause. We at Yale Reproductive Endocrinology are privileged to be recognized both nationally and internationally as leaders in the field of Menopause, and for our expertise in effectively addressing the needs and improving the overall health of women.