Women’s Health Research at Yale funds studies on colon cancer, infections in pregnancy, and domestic violence
“Through our competitive peer review process, these three studies stood out as extremely promising opportunities to improve and even save lives,” said Dr. Carolyn M. Mazure, director of WHRY. “With these new grants, we continue to expand a broad scope of existing work to focus on questions vital to the health and well-being of millions of women, men, and children.”
Yale’s Sabrina Diano is first woman to receive the Helmholtz Diabetes Award
Yale School of Medicine metabolism researcher Sabrina Diano has been selected to receive the Helmholtz Diabetes Award during the 6th annual Helmholtz Conference Sept. 26-28, 2018 in Munich, Germany. Diano is the first woman to receive the award, which recognizes outstanding contributions by a leading scientist in the field of diabetes research. She will deliver the Heimholtz Diabetes Lecture during the conference.
Six faculty elected to Connecticut Academy of Science and Engineering
Six Yale School of Medicine researchers have been elected to the prestigious Connecticut Academy of Science and Engineering (CASE), including: Alison P. Galvani, Jonathon Howard, Ann Kurth, Frederick J. Sigworth, Hugh S. Taylor, and Sandra Wolin.
Low Levels of Vitamin B12 in Pregnancy May Increase the Risk of Preterm Birth, Study Finds
Nutrition during pregnancy affects the growing fetus, and identifying appropriate nutritional supplementation in pregnancy has been a hot topic for decades. Vitamin B12 is an essential nutritional component found only in animal-derived products like meat, milk and eggs. Low intake of such products increases the risk of vitamin B12 deficiency. The proportion of pregnant women with vitamin B12 deficiency ranges from a small percentage in some Western countries, like Norway, to over two thirds in developing countries, such as India. In a newly published paper, all previous studies on effects of vitamin B12 levels in pregnancy were evaluated and their results pooled in a meta study. The question asked was whether vitamin B12 deficiency during pregnancy was harmful for the fetus?
Finalists Named for the Blavatnik Fund Highlighting Promising Research Across Yale
Seventeen applications from Yale innovators have been named finalists for grants and resources from the Blavatnik Fund for Innovation at Yale, competing for up to $300,000 in Development grants or up to $100,000 in Pilot grants to accelerate their life science research into the marketplace. The $10 million fund supported by the Blavatnik Family Foundation launched this year to advance entrepreneurship in the life sciences at Yale and is managed by the Yale Office of Cooperative Research. Over 60 researchers applied for funding from across the Yale science disciplines, including chemistry, pharmacology, neuroscience, biomedical engineering, obstetrics, biophysics and immunobiology.
Size matters when it comes to keeping blood sugar levels in check
Keeping blood sugar levels within a safe range is key to managing both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. In a new finding that could lead to fewer complications for diabetes patients, Yale School of Medicine researchers have found that changes in the size of mitochondria in a small subset of brain cells play a crucial role in safely maintaining blood sugar levels.
Doctors bolster defenses against surgery-related infections and ‘superbugs’
The World Health Organization has issued new guidelines concerning infections. Meanwhile, teams at Yale New Haven Hospital (YNHH) have spent more than a year refining the hospital’s infection-protection guidelines in two high priority areas: spine surgery, in addition to knee and hip replacements; and transabdominal operations, such as colon surgeries.
Connecticut’s premature births increase; state graded a C by March of Dimes
While Connecticut's preterm birth rate increased according to the last March of Dimes prematurity report card, dramatic improvement was seen in New Haven County, decreasing to 8.9% from 9.6%. New Haven County gets a grade of "B".
Yale study identifies how Zika virus infects the placenta
In a new study, Yale researchers demonstrate Zika virus infection of cells derived from human placentas. The research provides insight into how Zika virus may be transmitted from expectant mother to fetus, resulting in infection of the fetal brain.
Fetal BPA exposure in mice linked to estrogen-related diseases after adolescence
Low levels of BPA exposure may be considered safe, but new research published online in The FASEB Journal, suggests otherwise. In the report, researchers from Yale show that the genome is permanently altered in the uterus of mice that had been exposed to BPA during their fetal development. These changes were found to mainly affect genes that are regulated by estrogen and are implicated in the formation of estrogen-related diseases such as infertility, endometriosis, endometrial cancer, osteoporosis, prostate cancer, neurodegenerative disease, obesity and breast cancer.