Brain impairments in premature infants may begin in the womb
Even before they are born, premature babies may display alterations in the circuitry of their developing brains, according to a first-of-its kind research study by Yale School of Medicine researchers and their colleagues at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and Wayne State University.
Levels of key brain chemicals predict children’s reading ability
Reading-impaired young children have higher levels of the metabolites glutamate and choline in their brains, and these higher levels continue to be indicative of difficulties in developing typical reading and language skills, a Yale study has found. The study appears in the Journal of Neuroscience.
Orientation selectivity enhances context generalization and generative predictive coding in the hippocampus
The lab of George Dragoi, MD, PhD, Associate Professor of Psychiatry and of Neuroscience, recently published a new study in Neuron that found orientation selectivity enhances context generalization and generative predictive coding in the hippocampus.Source: Neuron
New Program Brings Meharry Medical Students into the ‘Yale Family’
Six students were selected from Meharry Medical College, an historically Black medical school in Nashville, in a program designed by Yale School of Medicine’s Office of Diversity, Equity and Inclusion to provide them with research experience and career advancing networking opportunities. The students will work alongside Yale faculty members and residents, begin building networks, and deepen their understanding of careers paths in psychiatry, neurosurgery, and neuroscience.
Major Gift Will Support an Innovative Brain Research Collaboration
The Swiss-based NOMIS Foundation is making a large five-year award for research into what makes the human brain unique. The research will be a collaboration between the laboratories of James P. Noonan, PhD, associate professor of genetics and of neuroscience at Yale School of Medicine, and Franck Polleux, PhD, professor of neuroscience at Columbia University and a member of that school’s Zuckerman Institute. Their combined mission is to understand the brain and mind.
Major Gift Will Endow a Program Devoted to a Fuller Understanding of How the Human Brain Works
The Thomas Kingsley Lawrence ’19 Program in Brain Research will take a multifaceted approach to understanding the higher-order functionality of the human brain and related areas. It is hoped that with the knowledge gained, novel prevention strategies, diagnostics, and therapeutics to reduce the incidence, prevalence, and recurrence of psychiatric disorders will be possible.
Yale Scientists Breach Brain Barriers to Attack Tumors
The brain is a sort of fortress, equipped with barriers designed to keep out dangerous pathogens. But protection comes at a cost: These barriers interfere with the immune system when faced with dire threats such glioblastoma, a deadly brain tumor for which there are few effective treatments.
Brain Scans, Aided by Artificial Intelligence, Reveal as Much About Us as Our DNA, Evan Morris Says.
“Brain scans, aided by artificial intelligence, reveal as much about us as our DNA,” Evan Morris recently wrote in an op-ed in Wired magazine. “Grappling with their ethical implications is vital to scientific integrity.”
Save the Dates: Kavli Institute for Neuroscience Two-day Symposium: "Cell Biology of Parkinson's Disease Genes" on April 28-29
The Kavli Institute for Neuroscience is organizing a two-day symposium, "Cell Biology of Parkinson’s Disease Genes," April 28-29, 2020. Registration required by the February 25, 2020.
Mammals’ Enhanced Capacity to See Emerges Early in Development
All vertebrates possess a primitive network in which the retina sends signals directly to the superior colliculus, an area of the brain that processes visual stimuli. In a more recently evolved pathway, signals from the retina are received in the thalamus and are relayed to the cortex, the brain’s seat of higher-order thinking.
U.S. Surgeon General’s Advisory: Marijuana Use and the Developing Brain
This advisory is intended to raise awareness of the known and potential harms to developing brains, posed by the increasing availability of highly potent marijuana in multiple, concentrated forms. These harms are costly to individuals and to our society, impacting mental health and educational achievement and raising the risks of addiction and misuse of other substances.Source: Surgeon General’s Advisory