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Illustrated by Victoria Lee

Originating in Black Feminist scholarship, intersectionality refers to the convergence of multiple systems of oppression that together underlie the ways that individuals interact with the world around them and how they are treated by others. For LGBTQ+ people, experiences of discrimination, rejection, and violence contribute to negative health outcomes. Yet, the LGBTQ+ community is comprised of many sexual identities and gender modalities, diverse racial and ethnic groups, differing abilities, and a range of socioeconomic backgrounds.

Understanding how different systems of oppression intersect to impact individual health requires taking an intersectional approach to research. Through an intersectional lens, we are considering how sexual and gender minority people of color experience stigma, how intersectional stigma contributes to health disparities, and what unique strengths may lie at the intersection of race/ethnicity and sexual/gender identity. With this empirical data and feedback from participants, we are seeking to further adapt interventions for sexual and gender minority people of color.


  • Jackson, S. D., Mohr, J. J., Sarno, E. L., Kindahl, A. M., & Jones, I. L. (2020). Intersectional experiences, stigma-related stress, and psychological health among Black LGBQ individuals. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. (Link)
  • Rodriguez-Seijas, C., Burton, C. L., Adeyinka, O., & Pachankis, J. E. (2019). On the quantitative study of multiple marginalization: Paradox and potential solution. Stigma and Health, 4, 495-502.
  • Scheer, J. R., Pachankis, J. E., & Bränström, R. (in press). Gender-based structural stigma and intimate partner violence across 28 countries: A population-based study of women across sexual orientation, immigration status, and socioeconomic status. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.
  • Pachankis, J. E., Hatzenbuehler, M. L., Berg, R., Fernandez-Davila, P., Mirandola M., Weatherburn, P., Marcus, U., & Schmidt, A. J. (2017). Anti-LGBT and anti-immigrant structural stigma: An intersectional analysis of sexual minority men’s HIV risk when migrating to or within Europe. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (JAIDS), 76, 356-366.
  • Pachankis, J. E., Hatzenbuehler, M. L., Wang, K., Burton, C. L., Crawford, F. W., Phelan, J. C., & Link, B. G. (2017). The burden of stigma on health and wellbeing: A taxonomy of concealment, course, disruptiveness, aesthetics, origin, and peril across 93 stigmas. Personality and Social Psychological Bulletin, 44, 451 - 474