1. HP Zaveri, RB Duckrow and SS Spencer. The effect of a scalp reference signal on coherence measurements of intracranial electroencephalograms. Clinical Neurophysiology, 111, pp. 1293-1299, 2000.

  2. AT Berg, Vickrey BG, Sperling MR, Langfitt J, Bazil C, Pacia S, Shinnar S, Walczak T, Spencer SS. Driving in Patients with Refractory Localization Related Epilepsy. Neurology, 2000;54:625-630

  3. RA Avery, Spencer SS, Studholme C, Stokking R, Morano G, Corsi M, Seibyl J, Spencer DD, Zubal IG. Reproducibility of Serial Peri-ictal SPECT Difference Images in Epilepsy Patients Undergoing Surgical Resection. Eur J Nuc Med, 2000;27:50-55

  4. CE Stafstrom, Spencer SS. The Ketogenic Diet: A Therapy in Search of an Explanation, (Editorial), Neurology, 2000;54:282-284

  5. SA Lee, Spencer DD, Spencer SS. Intracranial EEG Seizure Onset Patterns in Neocortical Epilepsy. Epilepsia, 2000;41:297-307

  6. RA Avery, Zubal G, Stokking R, Studholme C, Cors M, Seibyl J, Spencer SS.Decreased Cerebral Blood Flow During Seizures with Ictal SPECT Injections. Epilepsy Research, 2000;40:53-61

  7. BG Vickrey, Berg AT, Sperling M, Langfitt J, Bazil C, Pacia S, Walczak T, Shinnar S, Kim S, Spencer SS. Relationships between Seizure Severity and Health Related Quality of Life in Refractory Partial Epilepsy. Epilepsia, 2000;41:760-4

  8. G Zubal, Avery RA, Stokking R, Studholme C, Corsi M, Dey H, Seibyl J, Spencer SS.Ratio-images Calculated from Interictal PET and SPECT for Quantifying the Uncoupling of Brain Metabolism and Perfusion in Epilepsy. Epilepsia, 2000;41:1560-1566.

  9. SS Spencer. Changes in Seizure Semiology - Corpus Callosum Section. In: Luders H, Noachtar S (Eds). Epileptic Seizures: Pathophysiology and Clinical Semiology. Churchill Livingstone, Philadelphia, 2000: 542-546

  10. SS Spencer, Lee SA. Invasive EEG in Neocortical Epilepsy: Seizure Onset. In: Williamson PD, Seigel AM, Roberts DW, Thadani VM, Gazzaniga MS. Neocortical Epilepsies (Ed). Advances in Neurology, Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia, 2000;84:275-285.

  11. SS Spencer, Bautista RE. Functional Imaging in Localization of the Ictal Onset Zone. In: Functional Imaging in the Epilepsies. Henry TR, Duncan JS, Berkovic SF (Ed). Advances in Neurology. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia, 2000;83:285-296



  1. HP Zaveri, WJ Williams, JC Sackellares, A Beydoun, RB Duckrow and SS Spencer.Measuring the coherence of intracranial electroencephalograms. Clinical Neurophysiology, 110, pp. 1717-1725, 1999.

  2. MV Spanaki, Zubal IG, MacMullan J, Spencer SS. Peri-ictal SPECT Localization Verified by Simultaneous Intracranial EEG. Epilepsia, 1999;40:267-74

  3. IG Zubal, Spanaki MD, MacMullan J, Corsi M, Seibyl JP, Spencer SS. Influence of Tc-99m-HMPAO Injection Time on SPECT Perfusion Changes in Epilepsy. Eur J Nucl Med, 1999;26:12-17

  4. LM Davis, Spencer DD, Spencer SS, Bronen RA. MR Imaging of Implanted Depth and Subdural Electrodes: Is It Safe? Epilepsy Research, 1999;35:95 - 98

  5. MV Spanaki, Spencer SS, Corsi M, MacMullan J, Seibyl J, Zubal IG. The Sensitivity and Specificity of Quantitative Difference SPECT Analysis in Seizure Localization. J Nucl Med, 1999;40:730-736

  6. SS Spencer, Kim J, DeLanerolle NC, Spencer DD. Differential Neuronal and Glial Relationships with Parameters of Ictal Discharge in Medial Temporal Lobe Epilepsy. Epilepsia, 1999;40:708-12

  7. MV Spanaki, Spencer SS, Corsi M, MacMullan J, Seibyl J, Zubal IG. The Role of Quantitative Ictal SPECT Analysis in the Evaluation of Non-epileptic Seizures. J Neuroimaging, 1999;9:210-216

  8. RE Bautista, Cobbs M, Spencer DD, Spencer SS. Prediction of Surgical Outcome by Interictal Epileptiform Abnormalities During Intracranial EEG Monitoring in Patients with Extrahippocampal Seizures. Epilepsia, 1999;40:880-890

  9. RA Avery, Spencer SS, Spanaki MV, Corsi M, Seibyl JP, Zubal IG. Effect of Injection Time on Postictal SPECT Perfusion Changes in Medically Refractory Epilepsy. Eur J Nucl Med, 1999;26:830-836

  10. C Aykut-Bingol, Spencer SS. Non-tumoral Occipitotemporal Epilepsy: Localizing Findings and Surgical Outcome. Ann Neurol, 1999;46:894-900

  11. SP Ringel, Bradley WG, Spencer SS. The Crisis in Clinical Research (Letter, Comment). JAMA, 1999;282:1914-5,1915-16



  1. SS Spencer. Substrates of Localization-related Epilepsies: Biologic Implications of Localizing Findings in Humans. Epilepsia, 1998;39:114-123

  2. AT Berg, Walczak T, Hirsch LJ, Spencer SS. Multivariable Prediction of Seizure Outcome One Year after Resective Epilepsy Surgery: Development of a Model with Independent Validation. Epil Research, 1998;29:185-194

  3. RE Bautista, Spencer DD, Spencer SS. EEG Findings in Frontal Lobe Seizures. Neurology, 1998;50:1765-1771

  4. MV Spanaki, Spencer SS, Wisniewski G, MacMullan J, Serbyl J, Zubal IG. Evolution and Localization of Postictal Blood Flow Changes in Partial Seizures Demonstrated by SPECT: Use of Quantitative Difference Images. J Epil, 1998;11:25-33

  5. C Aykut-Bingol, Bronen RA, Kim JH, Spencer DD, Spencer SS. Surgical Outcome in Occipital Lobe Epilepsy: Implications for Pathophysiology. Ann Neurol, 1998;44:60-69

  6. PD Williamson, Thadani VM, French JA, Darcey TM, Mattson RH, Spencer SS, Spencer DD. Medial Temporal Lobe Epilepsy: Videotape Analysis of Objective Clinical Seizure Characteristics. Epilepsia, 1998;39:1182-1188.

  7. IG Zubal, Spanaki MV, Spencer SS. Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography-EEG Relations in Temporal Lobe Epilepsy (Letter). Neurology, 1998;51:645;discussion 646-647

  8. SS Spencer. Differential Long-term Behavioral Effects of Anticonvulsants(Editorial). Neurology, 1998;51:10-11

  9. SS Spencer, Sperling M, Shewmon A. Intracranial Electrodes. In: Engel J Jr, Pedley TA (Eds). Epilepsy, a Comprehensive Textbook. Lipincott-Raven, New York, 1998:1719-1748

  10. TT Tran, Spencer SS, Spencer DD. Epilepsy, Medical and Surgical Outcome. In: Swash M, Wilden J (Eds). Outcomes in Neurological and Neurosurgical Disorders. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1998:407-440



  1. SS Spencer, King D. Surgical Options in the Management of the Epilepsies. The Neurologist, 1997;1(3):2-12

  2. D King, Spencer SS. Surface and Depth EEG Findings in Patients with Hippocampal Atrophy. Neurology, 1997;48:1363-1367

  3. RA Bronen, Fulbright RK, King D, Kim JH, Spencer SS, Spencer DD, Lange RC.Qualitative MR Imaging of Refractory Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Requiring Surgery: Correlation with Pathology and Seizure Outcome after Surgery. AJR, 1997;169:875-882

  4. RA Bronen, Fulbright RF, Spencer SS, Spencer DD, Kim JH, Lange RC. Comparison of MR and CT Imaging of Refractory Epilepsy: Correlation with Postoperative Outcome in 109 Patients. Int J Neuroradiol, 1997;3:140-6

  5. A Puce, Allison T, Spencer SS, Spencer DD, McCarthy G. Comparison of Cortical Activation Evoked by Faces Measured by Intracranial Field Potentials and Functional MRI: Two Case Studies. Human Brain Mapping, 1997;5:298-305

  6. RA Bronen, Fulbright RK, Kim JH, Spencer SS, Spencer DD. A Systematic Approach for Interpreting MR Images of the Seizure Patient. AJR, 1997;169:241-247

  7. RA Bronen, Fulbright RK, Spencer SS, Spencer DD, Kim JH, Lange RG. Economic Impact of Replacing CT with MR Imaging for Refractory Epilepsy. Mag Res Imaging, 1997;15:857-62

  8. RA Bronen, Vives K, Kim JH, Fulbright RK, Spencer DD, Spencer SS. Focal Cortical Dysplasia of Taylor, Balloon Cell Subtype: MR Differentiation from Low Grade Gliomas. AJNR, 1997;18:1141-5

  9. D King, Spencer SS, Bronen RA, Spencer DD. Topographical Distribution of Seizure Onset and Hippocampal Atrophy: Relationship Between MRI and Depth EEG. Electroenceph Clin Neurophysiol, 1997;103:692-697

  10. TH Bullock, Achimowicz JZ, Duckrow RB, Spencer SS, Iragui-Madoz VJ. Bicoherence of Intracranial EEG in Sleep, Wakefulness and Seizures. Electroenceph Clin Neurophysiol, 1997;103:661-678.

  11. TA Tran, Spencer SS, Javidan M, Pacia S, Marks D, Spencer DD. Significance of Spikes Recorded on Intraoperative Electrocorticography in Patients with Brain Tumor and Epilepsy. Epilepsia, 1997;38:1132-9.

  12. Epilepsy (Health Watch), Dudely, ME, Spencer SS, Crestwood House, 1997.

  13. RW Lehman, Spencer DD, Spencer SS. The Role of Depth Electrode Recording in the Evaluation of Epilepsy. In: Textbook of Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery. Giblenberg PL, Tasker RR (Eds). New York, McGraw Hill, 1997:1823-38.

  14. SS Spencer, Spencer DD. Brain Imaging - the Anatomy of Epilepsy. In: Porter RJ, Chadwick D (Eds). The Epilepsies II. Boston, Butterworth - Heinemann, 1997:71-92

  15. SS Spencer. Selection of Candidates for Temporal Lobe Resection. In: Wyllie E Ed). The Treatment of Epilepsy, Principles and Practice, 2nd Edition. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, 1997:1036-1049



  1. SS Spencer, Hunt P. Quality of Life in Epilepsy - A Review. J Epilepsy, 1996;9:3-13

  2. SS Spencer, Spencer DD. The Implications of Seizure Termination Location in Temporal Lobe Epilepsy.  Epilepsia, 1996;37:455-8

  3. SS Spencer. Careers in Academic Neurology. Ann Neurol, 1996;40;123-7

  4. SS Spencer. Long-term Outcome after Epilepsy Surgery. Progress in Epilepsy Research. Epilepsia, 1996;37:807-813

  5. D King, Spencer SS, Bouthillier A, Kim J, de Lanerolle NC, Bronen RA, McCarthy G, Luby M, Spencer DD. Medial Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Without Hippocampal Atrophy. J Epilepsy, 1996;9:291-7

  6. C Swick, Bouthillier A, DeCilla C, Spencer SS. Seizure Occurrence During Long-term Monitoring. Epilepsia, 1996;37;927-930

  7. RA Bronen, Fulbright RK, Spencer DD, Spencer SS, Kim JH, Lange RC, Sutilla C.Refractory Epilepsy: Comparison of MR Imaging, CT, and Histopathologic Findings in 117 Patients. Radiology, 1996;201:97-105

  8. SS Spencer. Selection of Candidates for Invasive Monitoring. In: Cascino G, Jack C (Eds). Neuroimaging in Epilepsy. Butterworth-Heinemann, Newton, 1996:219-234

  9. SS Spencer, Lamoureux DL. Invasive EEG Evaluation for Epilepsy Surgery. In: Shorvon SD, Dreifuss FE, Fish DF, Thomas DGT (Eds). The Treatment of Epilepsy. Oxford, Blackwell, 1996:562-588



  1. ON Markand, Spencer SS, Anderson AR. SPECT in Epilepsy. J Neuroimaging, 1995;5(Suppl 1):523-533

  2. I Fried, Spencer SS, Spencer DD. The Anatomy of Epileptic Auras: Focal Pathology and Surgical Outcome.  J Neurosurg, 1995,83:60-66

  3. S Patrick, Berg A, Spencer SS. EEG and Seizure Outcome after Epilepsy Surgery. Epilepsia, 1995;36:236-240

  4. D King, Spencer SS. Invasive EEG in Mesial Temporal Lobe Epilepsy. J Clin Neurophysiol, 1995;12:32-45

  5. SS Spencer, Berkovic S, Theodore W. Clinical Applications: MRI, SPECT and PET. Mag Res Imaging, 1995;13:1119-1124

  6. D Fish, Spencer SS. Clinical Applications: EEG and MRI. Mag Res Imaging, 1995;13:1113-1118

  7. IG Zubal, Spencer SS, Imam K, Seibyl J, Smith EO, Wisniewski G, Hoffer PB.Difference-images Calculated from Ictal and Interictal Tc99m-HMPAO SPECT Scans of Epileptic Seizure Patients. J Nucl Med, 1995;36:684-689

  8. Clinical Research Subcommittee (SS Spencer, Chair), American Academy of Neurology.The Status of Clinical Research in Neurology. Neurology, 1995;45:839-845

  9. D Lamoureux, Spencer SS. Epilepsy Surgery in Adults. Current Opinion in Neurol, 1995;8:107-11

  10. VM Thadani, Williamson PD, Berger R, Spencer SS, Spencer DD, Novelly R, Sass KJ, Kim JH, Mattson RH. Successful Epilepsy Surgery without Intracranial Recording: Criteria for Patient Selection. Epilepsia, 1995;36:7-15

  11. TH Bullock, McClune MC, Achimowicz JZ, Iraqui-Madoz VJ, Duckrow RB, Spencer SS.EEG Coherence has Structure in the Millimeter Domain: Subdural and Hippocampal Recordings from Epileptic Patients. EEG Clin Neurophysiol, 1995;95:161-177

  12. RA Bronen, Fulbright RK, Spencer DD, Spencer SS, Kim JH, Lange RC. MR Characteristics of Neoplasms and Vascular Malformations Associated with Epilepsy. Mag Res Imaging, 1995;13:1153-1162

  13. RA Bronen, Fulbright RK, Kim JH, Spencer SS, Spencer DD, Al-Rodhan NRF. Regional Distribution of MR Findings in Hippocampal Sclerosis. AJNR, 1995;16:1193-200

  14. SS Spencer. MRI and Epilepsy Surgery (Editorial). Neurology, 1995;45:1248-1250

  15. D King, Spencer SS, McCarthy G, Luby M, Spencer DD. Bilateral Hippocampal Atrophy in Medial Temporal Lobe Epilepsy. Epilepsia, 1995;36:905-910

  16. DA Marks, Kim J, Spencer DD, Spencer SS. Seizure Localization and Pathology Following Head Injury in Patients with Uncontrolled Epilepsy. Neurology, 1995;45:2051-2058

  17. TA Tran, Spencer SS, Marks D, Javidan M, Pacia S, Spencer DD. Significance of Spikes Recorded on Electrocorticography in Patients with Non-lesional Medial Temporal Lobe Epilepsy. Ann Neurol, 1995;38:763-770

  18. A Williamson, Spencer SS, Spencer DD. Correlations between Depth Electrode Studies and Intracellular Dentate Granule Cell Recordings in Patient with Temporal Lobe Epilepsy. Ann Neurol, 1995;38:778-787

  19. TH Bullock, McClure MC, Achimowicz JZ, Iraqui-Madoz VJ, Duckrow RB, Spencer SS.Temporal Fluctuations in Coherence of Brain Waves. Proc Nat Acad Sci, 1995;92:11568-72

  20. WJ Williams, HP Zaveri and JC Sackellares. Time-frequency analysis of electrophysiological signals in epilepsy. IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine, 14(2), pp. 133-143, 1995.

  21. SS Spencer, Spencer DD. Seizure Types: Results of Partial and Complete Callosotomy in Adults. In: Reeves AG (Ed). The Corpus Callosum and Epilepsy. Plenum, New York, 1995:145-152

  22. SS Spencer, Packey DJ. Antiepileptic Drug Management before and after Epilepsy Surgery. In: Levy RH, Mattson RH, Meldrum BS, et al. Antiepileptic Drugs (4th Edition), New York, Raven, 1995:189-200



  1. SS Spencer. The Relative Contributions of MRI, SPECT, and PET in Epilepsy. Epilepsia, 1994;35(Suppl 6):S72-S89

  2. S Saygi, Spencer SS, Scheyer R, Katz A, Mattson RH, Spencer DD. Differentiation of Temporal Lobe Ictal Behavior Associated with Hippocampal Sclerosis and Tumors of Temporal Lobe. Epilepsia, 1994;35:737-742

  3. DD Spencer, Spencer SS. Clinical Perspectives: Hippocampal Resection and the Use of Human Tissue in Defining Temporal Lobe Epilepsy Syndromes. Hippocampus, 1994;4:243-249

  4. SS Spencer, Spencer DD. Entorhinal-hippocampal Interactions in Medial Temporal Lobe Epilepsy. Epilepsia, 1994;35:721-727

  5. SS Spencer. Evolving Indications and Applications of Epilepsy Surgery. Clin Neuroscience, 1994;2:3-9

  6. LM Masuoka, Spencer SS. Clinical Neurophysiology in Epilepsy. Current Opinion in Neurology and Neurosurgery, 1994;7:148-152

  7. KJ Sass, Westerveld M, Buchanan CP, Spencer SS, Kim JH, Spencer DD. Degree of Hippocampal Neuron Loss Determines Severity of Verbal Memory Decline Following Left Antero-medial Temporal Lobectomy. Epilepsia, 1994;35:1179-1186

  8. M Westerveld, Zawacki T, Sass KJ, Spencer SS, Novelly R, Spencer DD. Intracarotid Amytal Procedure Evaluation of Hemispheric Speech and Memory Function in Children and Adolescents. J Epilepsy. 1994;7:295-302

  9. SS Spencer, Spencer DD. Correlation of MRI and EEG. In: Shorvon S (Ed). Magnetic Resonance Scanning and Epilepsy. New York, Plenum, 1994:139-143.

  10. DD Spencer, McCarthy G, Luby M, Spencer SS. MRI Stereotactic Placement of Intracranial Electrodes. In: Shorvon S (Ed). Magnetic Resonance Scanning and Epilepsy. New York, Plenum, 1994:149-153.



  1. SS Spencer, McCarthy G, Spencer DD. Diagnosis of Medial Temporal Lobe Seizure Onset: Relative Specificity and Sensitivity of Quantitative MRI. Neurology, 1993;43:2117-2125

  2. SS Spencer, Spencer DD, Sass K, Westerveld M, Katz A, Mattson RH. Anterior, Total, and Two Stage Corpus Callosum Section: Differential and Incremental Seizure Responses. Epilepsia, 1993;34:561-567

  3. SS Spencer, Katz A, Ebersole J, Novotny E, Mattson RH. Ictal EEG Changes with Corpus Callosum Section. Epilepsia, 1993;34:568-573

  4. JA French, Williamson PD, Thadani VM, Darcey TM, Mattson RH, Spencer SS, Spencer DD. Characteristics of Medial Temporal Lobe Epilepsy: I. Results of History and Physical Examination. Ann Neurol, 1993;34:774-780

  5. PD Williamson, French JA, Thadani VM, Kim JH, Novelly R, Spencer SS, Spencer DD, Mattson RH. Characteristics of Medial Temporal Lobe Epilepsy: II. Interictal and Ictal Scalp Electroencephalography, Neuropsychological Testing, Neuroimaging, Surgical Results, and Pathology. Ann Neurol, 1993;34:781-787

  6. SS Spencer. Temporal Lobectomy: Selection of Candidates. In: Wyllie E (Ed). The Treatment of Epilepsy: Principles and Practice. Malvern, Lea and Febiger, 1993:1062-1074

  7. SS Spencer, So NK, Engel J, Williamson PD, Levesque MF, Spencer DD. Depth Electrodes. In: Engel J Jr (Ed). Surgical Treatment of the Epilepsies 2. New York, Raven, 1993:359-376

  8. JR Gates, Wada JA, Reeves AG, Lassonde M, Papu I, Spencer SS, Anderman F, Risse G, Ritter FJ, Purves S. Re-evaluation of Corpus Callosotomy. In: Engel J Jr (Ed). Surgical Treatment of the Epilepsies 2. New York, Raven, 1993:637-648

  9. DW King, Olivier A, Spencer SS, Wyllie E. Exclusional Criteria. In: Engel J Jr (Ed). Surgical Treatment of the Epilepsies 2. New York, Raven, 1993:119-122



  1. DA Marks, Katz A, Booke J, Spencer DD, Spencer SS. Correlation of Surface and Sphenoidal Electrodes with Simultaneous Intracranial Recording: An Interictal Study. Electroenceph Clin Neurophysiol, 1992;82:23-29

  2. SS Spencer, Guimaraes P, Katz A, Kim J, Spencer DD. Morphological Patterns of Seizures Recorded Intracranially. Epilepsia, 1992;33:537-545

  3. PD Williamson, Boon PA, Thadani VM, Darcey TM, Spencer DD, Spencer SS, Novelly R, Mattson RH. Parietal Lobe Epilepsy: Diagnostic Considerations and Results of Surgery. Ann Neurol, 1992;31:193-201

  4. PD Williamson, Thadani VM, Darcey TM, Spencer DD, Spencer SS, Mattson RH.Occipital Lobe Epilepsy: Clinical Characteristics, Seizure Spread Patterns and Results of Surgery. Ann Neurol, 1992;31:3-13

  5. DA Marks, Katz A, Hoffer P, Spencer SS. Localization of Extratemporal Foci During Single Photon Emission Computerized Tomography. Ann Neurol, 1992;31:250-255

  6. RB Duckrow, Spencer SS. Regional Coherence and the Transfer of Ictal Activity During Seizure Onset in the Medial Temporal Lobe. Electroenceph Clin Neurophysiol, 1992;82:415-422

  7. S Saygi, Katz A, Marks DA, Spencer SS. Frontal Lobe Partial Seizures and Psychogenic Seizures: Comparison of Clinical and Ictal Characteristics. Neurology, 1992;42:1274-1277

  8. SS Spencer, Marks D, Katz A, Kim J, Spencer DD. Anatomical Correlates of Inter-hippocampal Seizure Propagation Time. Epilepsia, 1992;33:862-873

  9. DA Marks, Kim J, Spencer DD, Spencer SS. Characteristics of Intractable Seizures Following Meningitis and Encephalitis. Neurology, 1992;42:1513-1519

  10. SS Spencer, Kim J, Spencer DD. Ictal Spikes: A Marker of Specific Hippocampal Cell Loss. Electroenceph Clin Neurophysiol, 1992;83:104-111

  11. SS Spencer, Marks D. Effects of Anticonvulsant Withdrawal on Seizure Symptomatology. In: Luders H (Ed).  Epilepsy Surgery. New York, Raven, 1992:213-217

  12. KJ Sass, Spencer SS, Westerfeld M, Spencer DD. The Neuropsychology of Corpus Callosotomy for Epilepsy. In: Bennet T (Ed). Neuropsychology of Epilepsy, Plenum, New York, 1992

  13. SS Spencer. Depth Electrodes. In: Theodore W (Ed). Epilepsy Surgery. Epil Res 1992(Suppl 5):135-146



  1. C Deutch, Spencer SS, Robbins R, Cicchetti D, Spencer DD. Interictal Spikes and Hippocampal Somatostatin Levels in Temporal Lobe Epilepsy. Epilepsia, 1991;32(2):174-178

  2. D Marks, Katz A, Scheyer R, Spencer SS. Clinical and Electrographic Effects of Acute Anticonvulsant Withdrawal in Epileptic Patients. Neurology, 1991;41:508-512

  3. PA Boon, Williamson PD, Fried I, Spencer DD, Novelly R, Spencer SS, Mattson RH.Intracranial, Intra-axial, Space Occupying Lesions in Patients with Intractable Partial Seizures: An Anatomo-clinical, Neurophysiological and Surgical Correlation. Epilepsia, 1991;32(4):467-476

  4. LJ Hirsch, Spencer SS, Spencer DD, Williamson PD, Mattson RH. Temporal Lobectomy in Patients with Bitemporal Epilepsy Defined by Depth EEG. Ann Neurol, 1991;30:347-356

  5. I Fried, Katz A, McCarthy G, Sass KJ, Williamson P, Spencer SS. Functional Organization of Human Supplementary Motor Cortex Studied by Electrical Stimulation. Journal of Neuroscience, 1991;11(11):3656-3666

  6. A Katz, Spencer SS. Does Interictal Spiking Change Prior to Seizures?Electroenceph Clin Neurophysiol, 1991;79:153-156

  7. LJ Hirsch, Spencer SS, Williamson PD, Spencer DD, Mattson RH. Comparison of Bitemporal and Unitemporal Epilepsy Defined by Depth EEG. Ann Neurol, 1991;30:340-346

  8. RA Bronen, Cheung G, Charles JT, Kim JH, Spencer DD, Spencer SS, Sze G, McCarthy G. Imaging of Hippocampal Sclerosis: Correlation with Pathology. Am J Neuroradiol, 1991;12:933-940

  9. SS Spencer, Elquera ED, Williamson PD, Spencer DD, Mattson RH. Evolution of Seizure Characteristics after Callosotomy. J Epilepsy, 1991;4:149-156

  10. SS Spencer. Intracranial Recording. In: Spencer DD and Spencer SS (Eds). Surgery for Epilepsy. Blackwell, Cambridge, 1991:54-64

  11. SS Spencer, Spencer DD. Outcome, Data, Dogma, Directions. In: Spencer  D and Spencer SS (Eds).  Surgery for Epilepsy. Blackwell, Cambridge, 1991:181-190

  12. SS Spencer, Spencer DD. Corpus Callosotomy in Chronic Encephalitis. In: Andermann F (Ed). Chronic Encephalitis and Epilepsy. Boston, Butterworth-Heinemann, 1991:213-219

  13. M Westerveld, Sass KJ, Spencer SS, Spencer DD. Neuropsychological Function Following Corpus Callosotomy for Epilepsy. In: Devinsky O, Theodore WH (Eds). Epilepsy and Behavior. Alan Liss, New York, 1991:203-211

  14. DD Spencer, Spencer SS, Fried I. Presurgical Localization: Neurophysiological and Neuroimaging Studies. In: Apuzzo M (Ed). Neurosurgical Aspects of Epilepsy. Park Ridge, American Association of Neurological Surgeons, 1991:73-86