Yale Bone Center

Bone is a living tissue. It is not simply an "erector set" that keeps us upright, but must renew itself throughout life. Bone health at any age requires a healthy lifestyle, a well balanced diet with plenty of calcium, vitamin D, and regular exercise. These factors are important in childhood and adolescence to achieve the strongest bones possible and for maintaining bone health in adulthood. Although normal levels of sex hormones are important throughout life, the decision about hormone replacement therapy is especially important at the time of the menopause in women. Hormones are not right for everyone and other treatments to protect your bones are now available.

Established in 1987, our team of clinicians, nurses, nutritionists and therapists is committed to providing state-of-the-art comprehensive care. As full-time faculty and staff of Yale, we are uniquely qualified to ensure that the best treatment options are recommended to you.

  • Prevention and Treatment of Metabolic Bone Diseases
  • Staffed by faculty from The Yale School of Medicine
  • International experts in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of these disorders including osteoporosis and Paget's Disease of bone

Yale Bone Center

Our services include:

Osteoporosis Screening

Osteoporosis, a common bone disease, is an area of particular expertise at the Yale Bone Center. Measuring your bone density is recommended to determine your risk for this condition. The Yale Bone Center offers a screening program for this purpose and provides your doctor with a complete report that includes information about your individual risk factors for bone loss.

Physical Therapy

Therapists specifically trained in the prevention and treatment of metabolic bone disorders educate you in ways to improve strength, maintain mobility and preserve independence.

Dietary Consultation

Center staff includes a dietitian with 20+ years of experience in helping patients choose the correct diet for bone health. She is available for individual consultation.

Yale Bone Densitometry Screening

If your physician refers you to us for a bone densitometry screening, we'll schedule an appointment in our office on the 10th floor of the East Pavilion at Yale New Haven Hospital (20 York Street). The screening usually takes less than 15 minutes and entails lying down on an examination table while a machine scans over your body, taking images of your spine and hips, and sometimes your wrists as well. If you need help, let us know and we will have a Hoyer lift available to assist.

Before your appointment, please be sure to read the Bone Density Appointment Instructions and Parking Directions.

We would also appreciate it if you would print out and fill in the appropriate questionnaire, and bring it with you to your appointment:

Questionnaire for adults (in English)

Questionnaire for children (in English)

Cuestionario en Espanol


Bio Profile

Karl L. Insogna, MD

Center Director

Ensign Professor of Medicine (Endocrinology)


Ensign Professor of Medicine without Term

Associate Director, Yale Center for X-Linked Hypophosphatemia

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Clemens W.H. Bergwitz, MD

Assistant Professor of Medicine (Endocrinology)

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Thomas Oliver Carpenter, MD

Professor of Pediatrics (Endocrinology) and of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation and Clinical Professor of Nursing

Director, Yale Center for X-Linked Hypophosphatemia

Medical Director, Hospital Research Unit

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Grace S. Lee, MD

Assistant Professor of Medicine (Endocrinology)

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Beatrice Lupsa, MD

Assistant Professor of Medicine (Endocrinology)

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Urszula Masiukiewicz, MD

Asst Clin Prof Int Med Endocrinology

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Melinda Sharkey, MD

Associate Professor of Orthopaedics and Rehabilitation

Associate Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery

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John Joseph Wysolmerski, MD

Professor of Medicine (Endocrinology)

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Strong bones are healthy bones, and bone strength is determined by measuring its density. Density testing, or densitometry, allows us to precisely determine how strong your bones are. Dual energy x-ray densitometry (DEXA) is the most accurate way to test bone density. It takes only minutes and can measure bone mass in the spine, hip, and wrist. You simply lie on a table and a scan beam passes over you. It uses much less radiation than a chest x-ray.

We now know that people with low bone density are at greater risk of fracture. This risk is determined by comparing your bone mass to healthy young adults of the same gender. The World Health Organization has established diagnostic criteria for osteopenia and osteoporosis based on bone density measurements. Osteopenia means a somewhat reduced bone density. When a person's bone density is lower than the density in 98% of young adults, a diagnosis of osteoporosis is established. If fractures are also present, you have severe osteoporosis.

Knowing your bone density will help you and your physician determine your risk for osteoporotic fractures, which can be especially dangerous in the spine (compression fractures) and the hip. If you are found to be at risk for fracture, this information can help you and your physician choose specific options to prevent or treat bone loss.
The Yale Bone Center offers bone densitometry as part of its comprehensive program to prevent and treat osteoporosis. Densitometry tests can be scheduled by calling 203.785.7667.

For Bone Center Appointments

Yale Bone Center
789 Howard Avenue (Dana 2)
New Haven, CT 06519

T 203.737.1058
F 203.737.4831

41.30277 -72.93511

For Bone Densitometry Appointments

Yale Bone Densitometry
20 York Street, East Pavilion, 10th Floor
New Haven, CT 06510

T 203.785.7667
F 203.737.4031

41.304544 -72.935795