Our Programs

The Section of Endocrinology & Metabolism includes a team whose focus is on systemic diseases in the human body. Our physicians are board certified. Management of complicated cases are discussed during weekly conferences, and Yale physicians are connected with a worldwide network that includes the foremost experts.

Established in 1987, our team of clinicians, nurses, nutritionists and therapists is committed to providing state-of-the-art comprehensive care. As full-time faculty and staff of Yale, we are uniquely qualified to ensure that the best treatment options are recommended to you.

  • Prevention and Treatment of Metabolic Bone Diseases
  • Staffed by faculty from The Yale School of Medicine
  • International experts in the diagnosis, prevention and treatment of these disorders including osteoporosis and Paget's Disease of bone
Our services include:
  • Osteoporosis Screening
  • Physical Therapy
  • Dietary Consultation - Center staff includes a dietitian with 20+ years of experience in helping patients choose the correct diet for bone health.
  • Bone Densitometry Screening 

Founded in 1994, the Yale Diabetes Center (YDC) is a regional resource for diabetes care and education and represents the joint efforts of the Yale Schools of Medicine and Nursing, and Yale New Haven Hospital, one of the nation's leading healthcare centers. In 2008, the YDC moved to its new practice site on the 2nd floor of the Dana Building at 789 Howard Avenue.

We provide comprehensive management and education to over 2500 adults with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, as well as those with pre-diabetes, metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance, and polycystic ovary syndrome. Focusing on life style interventions and employing the latest medications and technologies to treat or prevent diabetes, the YDC seeks to improve the health and well being of all its patients; we stress tight glucose control and aggressive management of other cardiovascular risk factors in order to prevent the long-term complications of diabetes. 

Our goal is to give our patients the tools necessary to successfully self-manage the day-to-day rigors of life with diabetes and related metabolic conditions. Following the American Diabetes Association’s Standards of Care, the Center interfaces medical management with patient education and the latest clinical applications of diabetes research.


Our services

The YDC provides a full range of diabetes care, one-on-one lifestyle counseling, glucose monitoring instruction, and insulin injection training. Group education classes and a resource room for self-learning are available for assisting patients to learn more about their diabetes and devise an appropriate program for the best health outcomes. 

We have extensive experience in insulin pumps and continuous glucose sensors necessary to support and guide the patient through the process of utilizing these latest technologies to improve their diabetes management. The Center also offers convenient on-site A1c testing.

The YDC maintains close working relationships with other departments at Yale University providing care to diabetes patients. These include Ophthalmology, Cardiovascular Medicine, Nephrology, Vascular Surgery, Cardiothoracic Surgery, Transplant Surgery, Podiatry, Orthopedics, Obstetrics & Gynecology and Neurology.


Inpatient Management Team

The YDC’s Inpatient Diabetes Management Team, founded in 2005, is the only one of its kind in Connecticut. The team focuses on improving the blood glucose control of patients hospitalized at Yale New Haven Hospital with high blood sugar. 

Team members consist of nurse practitioner Linda Ferro, as well as Anne Kaisen, Leigh Bak, and Karen McAvoy, who serve as Yale New Haven Hospital's Clinical Diabetes Nurse Specialists; endocrine fellows; and an attending endocrinologist. Rounds are conducted daily. 

Yale is a national leader in the development of protocols and procedures to ensure optimal glucose control during hospitalizations. The Yale Insulin Infusion Protocol, for example, is now used by hundreds of hospitals around the world to achieve meticulous glucose control in critical care units.

Clinical research opportunities are also available for our patients, who may take advantage of ongoing clinical trials at the NIH-funded Yale Center for Clinical Investigation (YCCI).

For the past three decades, the Yale Multidisciplinary Endocrine Neoplasia Clinic has been managing patients with benign and malignant diseases of the thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal and pituitary gland.

The Clinic is staffed by the faculty of Yale University School of Medicine -- physicians with specific expertise in the diagnosis and treatment of all endocrine conditions, including thyroiditis, hyperthyroidism, Graves’ disease, goiter, thyroid nodules, thyroid cancer, hyperparathyroidism, adrenal tumors, Cushing’s syndrome, hyperaldosteronism, disorders of adrenal function, paraganglioma, pheochromocytoma, carcinoid, islet cell neoplasms and pituitary disorders, including hypopituitarism, pituitary tumors, Cushing's disease, acromegaly and prolactinomas.

We are a recognized resource for state-of-the-art, aggressive therapy for thyroid cancer as well as for the management of thyroid disease during pregnancy.


Our Faculty:

Endocrinologists include Drs. Clemens Bergwitz, Elizabeth Holt, Silvio Inzucchi, Grace Lee, Patricia Peter and Olga Sakharova.

Affiliated surgeons in the Yale Section of Surgical Endocrinology include Drs. Tobias Carling, Glenda Callender and Courtney Gibson.

Affiliated surgeons in the Yale Department of Neurosurgery include Drs. Dennis Spencer, Ketan Bulsara and Sacit Bulent Omay.  

In addition, the Clinic has close working relationships with the Section of Nuclear Medicine, The Yale Bone Center (DEXA), the Departments of Pathology and Diagnostic Imaging (Ultrasound, CT, MRI) and the Department of Oncology Genetics.


Our services:

Services for thyroid patients include consultation and hormonal evaluation, co-management with primary care physicians, second opinions, fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy of thyroid nodules, medical therapy of hyperthyroidism and goiter and referral to Endocrine Surgery. 

Services for adrenal patients include consultation and hormonal evaluation, co-management with primary care physicians, second opinions, longitudinal follow up and referral to Endocrine Surgery.

Services for parathyroid patients include consultation and hormonal evaluation, co-management with primary care physicians, longitudinal follow up and Endocrine Surgery referral.

Services for pituitary patients include consultation and hormonal evaluation, co-management with primary care physicians, second opinions, dynamic testing of all hypothalamic-pituitary axes, pituitary hormone replacement therapy and referral to Neurosurgery.

Services available through our colleagues at Yale University and Yale-New Haven Hospital include thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal and pituitary surgery, radioactive iodine therapy, nuclear scanning, high-resolution ultrasound, thyroid biopsy, CT and PET scanning, selective venous sampling, MR imaging including dynamic pituitary magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), inferior petrosal sinus sampling, 3D conformal fractionated radiotherapy, and transsphenoidal surgery. Gamma Knife radiosurgery is performed at the Yale-New Haven Gamma Knife Center.