Metabolic syndrome refers to a group of conditions that occur together and increase the risk for developing heart disease, stroke, and Type 2 diabetes. Metabolic syndrome is becoming more and more common in the United States. Researchers are not sure whether the syndrome is due to one single cause, but all of the conditions are related to obesity. The metabolic syndrome is easily diagnosed by your health care provider with simple blood tests and a physical exam.
The diagnosis of Metabolic Syndrome is made when an individual has at least three (3) of the following five conditions:
- Increased fat around the waist. For men, a waist circumference over 40 inches means there is too much fat around the mid-section. For women, a waist measurement over 35 inches is considered high.
- Low HDL (good cholesterol). For men, a low HDL is less than 40mg/dl. For women, it is an HDL less than 50mg/dl
- High triglycerides. This is a form of fat which circulates in the blood. A high triglyceride level is 150mg/dl or greater.
- High blood glucose level 100mg/dl or greater
- High blood pressure