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Living with Diabetes and Other Metabolic Conditions

What is Diabetes

Diabetes Mellitus is a group of diseases that affect how your body uses blood glucose (sugar). Glucose is necessary for your health because it's your body's main source of fuel. Having diabetes means you have too much glucose in your blood which can lead to serious health problems.

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes develops when the body's immune system destroys pancreatic beta cells which make insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert glucose (sugar) into energy needed for daily life. This form of diabetes usually strikes children and young adults, although the onset of the disease can occur at any age. Less commonly, Type 1 diabetes may occur as a result of damage to the pancreas from toxins, infection or injury. Overall, type 1 diabetes may account for 5% to 10% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes1. Symptoms of high blood glucose (hyperglycemia) include fatigue, increased thirst, increased urination, nausea, vomiting and weight loss despite an increased appetite.

Type 2 Diabetes

Type 2 Diabetes is the most common form of diabetes and may account for about 90% to 95% of all diagnosed cases of diabetes. When you have Type 2 diabetes, your body is resistant to the effects of insulin or your body doesn't produce enough insulin to maintain a normal glucose level or both. Millions of Americans have been diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes, and many more are unaware that they are at high risk. If not adequately treated, it can lead to a number of complications, including heart attacks, strokes, vision problems or blindness, amputations, kidney problems, and numbness or pain of hands and feet. Symptoms of high blood glucose (hyperglycemia) include fatigue, blurred vision, increased appetite, increased thirst, increased urination, and weight loss.