Emergency Medical Services (EMS)
Prehospital emergency care research addresses emergency medical dispatch, hazardous materials, as well as other aspects of patient care. Current research examines the use of 12-lead electrocardiograms in the field and the various factors that are used in making trauma triage decisions.
Violence & Intentional Injury
The first epidemiological study on violence against women in an Emergency Department was completed by a Yale resident in the mid 70's. Since the very first seminal study on the topic was completed at Yale, we have developed a better understanding about the dynamics and health outcomes of violence. Not only are we concerned with treating violence related morbidity and mortality, our research is concerned with modifiable risk factors as well as addressing other correlates of violence such as substance abuse, depression, and suicide among other negative health outcomes.
Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Traffic-Related Trauma
We want to investigate and better understand the racial and ethnic disparities in traffic-related morbidity and mortality. More specifically, we aim to study traffic safety in a cultural context with a sociological and public health perspective in order to identify protective behavioral determinant as well as risk factors that would inform the development of effective community and clinical contact intervention strategies.
Mental Health Causes and Consequences of Trauma
Visits to US emergency departments (EDs) for mental health reasons are increasing. Yale EM faculty are conducting a series of studies focusing on the psychoepidemiology of mental health disorders, emotional and behavioral problems, and psychosocial issues in patients who present to the ED. These studies include research on neuropsychiatric aspects of trauma, disaster, intimate partner violence, stress, PTSD and TBI, as well as research focused on patient risk and resilience, and provider virtues that constitute compassionate and competent provider behavior.