Steven L. Bernstein, MD

Professor of Emergency Medicine; Vice Chair, Academic Affairs

Research Interests

Research Organizations

Cancer Center, Yale: Cancer Prevention and Control

Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Clinical Scholars Program

Research Summary

Dr. Bernstein's chief interest is in clinical trials of tobacco dependence treatment. He developed a screening and treatment intervention for tobacco users in the hospital emergency department, and programs to train providers in tobacco control.

Before coming to Yale in January, 2009, Dr. Bernstein was Vice Chair for Research and Associate Professor of Clinical Emergency Medicine, Epidemiology & Population Health, and Family & Social Medicine at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in the Bronx, New York. At Einstein, he was the PI of a study supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) that examined the efficacy of a brief motivational interview and nicotine replacement therapy for adult smokers in the ED. Dr. Bernstein maintains an active clinical practice in the ED at Yale New Haven Hospital.

From 2004-2006, Dr. Bernstein chaired the Smoking Cessation Task Force for the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP). The task force was funded by a grant from the Smoking Cessation Leadership Center, a national program office of the RWJF. The task force, composed of members of all major national organizations in emergency medicine, published an educational, research, and clinical agenda for ED personnel in the arena of tobacco control.

Dr. Bernstein’s other research program concerns the effects of ED crowding on quality of care. He developed the ED Work Index (EDWIN), a validated measure of crowding that has been linked to adverse events. He also chaired SAEM’s ED Crowding Task Force.

Extensive Research Description

Dr. Bernstein's chief interest is in clinical trials of tobacco dependence treatment. He developed a screening and treatment intervention for tobacco users in the hospital emergency department, and programs to train providers in tobacco control.

Before coming to Yale in January, 2009, Dr. Bernstein was Vice Chair for Research and Associate Professor of Clinical Emergency Medicine, Epidemiology&Population Health, and Family&Social Medicine at the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in the Bronx, New York. At Einstein, he was the PI of a study supported by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) that examined the efficacy of a brief motivational interview and nicotine replacement therapy for adult smokers in the ED. The trial demonstrated the feasibility and efficacy of brief interventions for adult ED patients who smoke. His work in ED-based tobacco control has also been supported by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation (RWJF) and the American Legacy Foundation. Dr. Bernstein authored the clinical practice guideline addressing tobacco control interventions in the ED and has presented his work at many national meetings. He has served as an advisor on technical panels for The Joint Commission and the National Committee for Quality Assurance.

Along with Dr. D’Onofrio, Dr. Bernstein co-chaired the 2009 Academic Emergency Medicine Consensus Conference on Public Health in the ED: Surveillance, Screening, and Intervention. This meeting brought together over 150 attendees and speakers from many federal agencies, emergency medicine, and other specialties to create a research agenda for public health-relevant activities in the ED. The conference was supported by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, NIDA, the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, the National Institute on Mental Health, and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. Conference proceedings will be published in the November, 2009 issue of AEM.

Dr. Bernstein founded and led the Bronx Einstein Alliance for Tobacco-Free Health, a center supported by the New York State Department of Health, to train all Bronx providers and healthcare systems in tobacco control. He also serves as the co-mentor on a number of career development awards for junior faculty in the field of tobacco control.

At Einstein, Dr. Bernstein founded a center, supported by the CDC and the Association of American Medical Colleges, to enhance the teaching of public health, population health, and prevention to residents in emergency medicine and primary care.

Dr. Bernstein maintains an active clinical practice in the ED at Yale New Haven Hospital. He lectures routinely to students and faculty in several departments on the principles and practice of tobacco control.

From 2004-2006, Dr. Bernstein chaired the Smoking Cessation Task Force for the American College of Emergency Physicians (ACEP). The task force was funded by a grant from the Smoking Cessation Leadership Center, a national program office of the RWJF. The task force, composed of members of all major national organizations in emergency medicine, published an educational, research, and clinical agenda for ED personnel in the arena of tobacco control. The group’s follow-up project, also funded by RWJF, was an 8-ED study that demonstrated the efficacy of a one-hour lecture and placement of National Quitline wallet cards in the ED in improving emergency physicians’ knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors regarding tobacco control.

Dr. Bernstein’s other research program concerns the effects of ED crowding on quality of care. He developed the ED Work Index (EDWIN), a validated measure of crowding that has been linked to adverse events. He also chaired SAEM’s ED Crowding Task Force.

Selected Publications

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Contact Info

Steven L. Bernstein, MD
Patient Care Locations
Yale-New Haven Hospital
20 York Street

New Haven, CT 06510
Yale-New Haven Shoreline Medical Center
111 Goose Lane

Guilford, CT 06437
Mailing Address
Department of Emergency MedicineYale University School of Medicine
464 Congress Ave., Suite 260

New Haven, CT 06519-1315