Research

The Yale University School of Medicine is an academic environment with vast resources for both basic science and clinical research. Virtually any EMS research interest can be accommodated either directly through Section of EMS faculty or through collaboration with other university programs. Of particular relevance to clinical EMS fellows are the School of Public Health with its expertise and degree programs in Epidemiology and Biostatistics, the Telemedicine and Remote Monitoring Program in the Department of Surgery, the Multi-Disciplinary Biomedical Engineering Program, and the School of Organization and Management. Through Dr. Sandy Bogucki’s fire research program, fellows will also have access to a number of extramural research venues. For example, a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) has been executed between the Department of Emergency Medicine and the U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine to study the physiology of structural firefighting while wearing SCBA and full personal protective equipment. Other participants in the fire research program consortium include the Fire Research Labs at the National Institute for Standards and Technology, the US Fire Administration, and the Oak Ridge and Sandia National Laboratories.

Publishing Authors

Fellowship Faculty Fellows Residents
Cone, DC Parwani, V. O'Brien, E
MacMillan, DS Van Gelder, C Hendricks, D
Bogucki, S Carter, AJ Trivedi, K
Lee, CH Burns, K Burns, K
Tomassoni, AJ MacMillan, DS Serra, J
Carter RM Isenberg, D Walsh, B
Cicero MX MacNeal, JJ Nakajima Y
Coughlin RF Medoro I Hazlitt M
Joseph D Chandler I
Binford JC

Publications

O'Brien E, Hendricks D, Cone DC. Field termination of resuscitation: analysis of a newly implemented protocol. Prehosp Emerg Care 2008;12:57-61.

Cone DC, MacMillan DS, Parwani V, Van Gelder C. Pilot test of a proposed chemical/biological/radiation/nuclear-capable mass casualty triage system. Prehosp Emerg Care 2008;12: 236-240.

Cone DC, MacMillan D, Parwani V, Van Gelder C. Threats to life in residential structure fires. Prehosp Emerg Care 2008;12:297-301.

Cone DC, Galante N, MacMillan DS. Can emergency medical dispatch systems safely reduce first-responder call volume? Prehosp Emerg Care 2008; 12(4): 479-485.

Van Gelder C, Pranger LA, Wiesmann, WP, Stachenfeld N, Bogucki S. An Experimental Model of Heat Storage in Working Firefighters. Prehosp Emerg Care 2008; 12(2):225-235.

Trivedi K, Schuur JD, Cone DC. Can paramedics read ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction on prehospital 12-lead electrocardiograms? Prehosp Emerg Care 2009;13:207-214.

Carter AJ, Davis KA, Evans LV, Cone DC. Information loss in emergency medical services handover of trauma patients. Prehosp Emerg Care 2009;13:280-5.

Cone DC, Serra J, Burns K, MacMillan DS, Kurland L, Van Gelder C. Pilot test of the SALT mass casualty triage system. Prehosp Emerg Care 2009;13:536-540.

Lee CH, Van Gelder CM, Cone DC. Early cardiac catheterization laboratory activation by paramedics for patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction on prehospital 12-lead electrocardiograms. Prehosp Emerg Care 2010;14:153-8.

Cone DC, Van Gelder CM, MacMillan, D. Fireground use of an emergency escape respirator. Prehosp Emerg Care 2010;14:433-438.

Isenberg D, Cone DC, Vaca FC. Motor vehicle intrusion alone does not predict trauma center admission or use of trauma center resources. Prehosp Emerg Care 2011;15:203-207.

Cone DC, Serra J, Kurland L. Comparison of the SALT and Smart triage systems using a virtual reality simulator with paramedic students. Eur J Emerg Med 2011;18:314-321.

Landman AB, Rokos IC, Burns K, Van Gelder CM, Fisher RM, Dunford JV, Cone DC, Bogucki S. An open, interoperable, and scalable prehospital information technology network architecture. Prehosp Emerg Care 2011;15:149-157.

Cone DC, Irvine KA, Middleton PM. The methodology of the Australian Prehospital Outcomes Study of Longitudinal Epidemiology (APOStLE) project. Prehosp Emerg Care 2012;16:505-512.

Isenberg D, Cone DC, Stiell IG. A simple three-step dispatch rule may reduce lights and sirens responses to motor vehicle crashes. Emerg Med J 2012;29:592-595.

Cone DC, Ahern J, Lee CH, Baker D, Murphy T, Bogucki S. A descriptive study of the "lift assist" call. Prehosp Emerg Care 2013;17:51-56.

MacNeal JJ, Cone DC, Sinha V, Tomassoni AJ. Use of haloperidol in PCP-intoxicated individuals. Clin Toxicol (Phila) 2012;50:851-853.

Walsh B, Cone DC, Meyer EM, Larkin GL. Paramedic attitudes regarding prehospital analgesia. Prehosp Emerg Care 2013;17:78-87.

Cone DC, Lee CH, Van Gelder C. EMS activation of the cardiac catheterization laboratory is associated with process improvements in the care of myocardial infarction patients. Prehosp Emerg Care 2013;17(3):293-298.

Filice CE, Vaca FE, Curry L, Platis S, Lurie N, Bogucki S. Pandemic planning and response in academic pediatric emergency departments during the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic. Acad Emerg Med. 2013 Jan;20(1):54-62.

Filice CE, Vaca FE, Curry L, Platis S, Lurie N, Bogucki S. Pandemic planning and response in academic pediatric emergency departments during the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic. Acad Emerg Med. 2013; 20:55-62.

Cicero MX, Brown L, Overly F, Yarzebski J, Meckler G, Fuchs S, Tomassoni A, Aghababian R, Chung S, Garrett A, Fagbuyi D, Adelgais K, Goldman R, Parker J, Auerbach M, Riera A, Cone D, and Baum C. Creation and Delphi-method refinement of pediatric disaster triage simulations. Prehosp Emerg Care 2014;18:282-9.

Carter AJ, Overton J, Terashima M, Cone DC. Can emergency medical services use turnaround time as a proxy for measuring ambulance offload time? J Emerg Med 2014;47:30-34.

Safdar B, Stolz U, Stiell IG, Cone DC, Bobrow BJ, DeBoehr M, Dreyer J, Maloney J, Spaite DW. Differential survival for men and women from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest varies by age - results from the OPALS study. Acad Emerg Med 2014;21:1503-11.

Cicero MX, Walsh B, Solad Y, Whitfill T, Paesano G, Kim K, Baum CR, Cone DC. Do you see what I see? Insights from using Google Glass for disaster telemedicine triage. Prehosp Disaster Med 2015;30(1):4-8.

Bogucki S, Isakov A. Patients under investigation for Ebola virus disease in the United States: hospital preparedness planning and alternate care facilities. Acad Emerg Med. 2015 May;22(5):600-4.

MacNeal JJ, Cone DC, Wistrom CL. Effect of station-specific alerting and ramp-up tones on firefighters' alarm time heart rates. J Occ Environ Hyg 2016;13:866-870.

Cicero MX, Whitfill T, Overly F, Baird J, Walsh B, Yarzebski J, Riera A, Adelgais K, Meckler GD, Baum C, Cone DC, Auerbach M. Pediatric disaster triage: multiple simulation curriculum improves prehospital care providers' assessment skills. Prehosp Emerg Care 2017;21:201-208.

Nakajima Y, Cone DC, Vilke GM, Muecke S, Nishiuchi T, Tanaka H, Uemura S, Yamaguchi Y, Shin SD, Ko PC, Carter AJ, Walter D. An international comparison of operational and clinical aspects of EMS systems. Asian EMS J 2016 (in press).

Medoro I, Cone DC. An analysis of EMS and ED detection of stroke. Prehosp Emerg Care 2017:21:476-480.

Carter RM, Cone DC. When is a cardiac arrest non-cardiac? Prehosp Disaster Med 2017;32:523-527.

Coughlin RF, Chandler I, Binford JC, Bonz JW, Hile DC. Enhancement of cricothyroidotomy education using a novel technique: cadaver autografting. J Emerg Med. 2017;53(6):885-889.

Cone DC, Cooley C, Ferguson J, Harrell A, Luk J, Martin-Gill C. An observational multicenter study of a direct-to-CT protocol for EMS-transported patients with suspected stroke. Prehosp Emerg Care 2018;22:1-6.

Miró Ò, Hazlitt M, Escalada X, Llorens P, Gil V, Martín-Sánchez FJ, Harjola P, Rico V, Herrero-Puente P, Jacob J, Cone DC, Möckel M, Christ M, Freund Y, di Somma S, Laribi S, Mebazaa A, Harjola V-P,on behalf of the ICA-SEMES Research Group. Effects of the intensity of prehospital treatment on short-term outcomes in patients with acute heart failure: The SEMICA-2 Study. Clin Res Cardiology 2018;107:347-361.

Joseph D, Vogel JA, Smith CS, Barrett W, Bryskiewicz G, Eberhardt A, Edwards D, Rappaport L, Colwell CB, McVaney KE. Alcohol as a factor in 911 calls in Denver. Prehosp Emerg Care. 2018;22(4):427-435.