Pediatric Imaging

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General Information

P.O. Box 208042, CH-272B
New Haven, CT 06520-8042
Admin Assistant, Susan Finkle

The section of Pediatric Imaging within the Yale Department of Radiology is composed of dedicated radiologists; all of whom are fellowship trained in the subspecialty of Pediatric Radiology. All are devoted to the care of children, utilizing advanced equipment to assist pediatricians in determining the best way in which to assess a specific problem with attention to minimizing radiation dose. The section is involved in:

  • Radiographic interpretation
  • Fluoroscopy
  • Ultrasound
  • Computed tomography (CT)
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

There are approximately 40,000 exams interpreted and performed by the section each year. Imaging takes place at Yale-New Haven Hospital Children's Hospital and at two dedicated off-site pediatric outpatient facilities in New Haven and Norwalk.


Yale Pediatric Imaging is responsible for the education of residents (3-4 months during the course of a residency) in the Yale Department of Radiology as well as from the residency programs of Bridgeport Hospital. We are also involved in clinical research and actively involved in clinico-radiologic conferences. These include a once weekly Tumor Board, and monthly conferences with the Pediatric Surgery, Urology, and Emergency Medicine departments. There is also representation at the once weekly Pediatric Discharge Conference. This is in addition to the daily rounds with the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, the Newborn Special Care Unit, and the pediatric inpatient teams.

There is an ACGME accredited Pediatric Radiology Fellowship available each year. This individual receives training in all aspects of Pediatric Radiology in collaboration with the Yale Nuclear Medicine, Neuroradiology, and Interventional Radiology sections.

There are broad clinical research opportunities.  Recent and ongoing projects include pediatric adrenal lesions and prenatal abdominal cyst imaging.

Recent Publications

Garcia AM, Asad I, Tessaro MO, Sivitz A, Osborn K, Shaahinfar A, Leung SK, Rowe E, Riera A: A Multi-institutional Case Series With Review of Point-of-Care Ultrasound to Diagnose Malrotation and Midgut Volvulus in the Pediatric Emergency Department. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2019 Jun. PMID: 30702647

Raja J, Menn K, Jindal G, Bokhari SAJ: Radiographic Manifestations of Diffuse Pulmonary Alveolar Derecruitment. J Thorac Imaging. 2019 Apr 15; 2019 Apr 15. PMID: 30994518

Iyer RS, Swenson DW, Anand N, Blumfield E, Chandra T, Chavhan GB, Goodman TR, Khan N, Moore MM, Ngo TD, Sammet CL, Sze RW, Vera CD, Stanescu AL: Survey of peer review programs among pediatric radiologists: report from the SPR Quality and Safety Committee. Pediatr Radiol. 2019 Apr; 2019 Mar 29. PMID: 30923884

Goodman TR, Mustafa A, Rowe E: Pediatric CT radiation exposure: where we were, and where we are now. Pediatr Radiol. 2019 Apr; 2019 Mar 29. PMID: 30923878

Mian AY, Mills IP, Sheridan AD, Ehrlich LJ, Baker KE, Tilak G, Staib LH, Silva CT: Effect of Reader and Patient Parameters on the Performance of Last-Image-Hold for Fluoroscopic Grading of Vesicoureteric Reflux. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2019 Feb 26; 2019 Feb 26. PMID: 30807219

Bluth EI, Goodman TR, Bender CE: The Late-Career Radiologist: Options and Opportunities. Radiographics. 2018 Oct. PMID: 30303783

Sharkey MS, Buesser KE, Gaither JR, Tate V, Cooperman DR, Moles RL, Silva CT, Ehrlich LJ, Leventhal JM: Abusive fracture incidence over three decades at a level 1 pediatric trauma center. Child Abuse Negl. 2018 Feb; 2017 Nov 29. PMID: 29195174

Harrington AW, Tackett JJ, Graeber BL, Cowles RA: Doxycycline sclerotherapy for post-traumatic inguinal lymphocele in a child. BMJ Case Rep. 2018 Jan 23; 2018 Jan 23. PMID: 29367372

Rathnayake S, Nautsch F, Goodman TR, Forman HP, Gunabushanam G: Effect of Radiology Study Flow on Report Turnaround Time. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2017 Dec; 2017 Oct 5. PMID: 28981363

Jindal G, Graeber BL, Staib LH, Silva CT: Assessment of a modified technique for air delivery during fluoroscopic-monitored pneumatic intussusception reduction. Pediatr Radiol. 2017 Nov; 2017 Jul 6. PMID: 28681232

Buesser KE, Leventhal JM, Gaither JR, Tate V, Cooperman DR, Moles RL, Silva CT, Ehrlich LJ, Sharkey MS: Inter-rater reliability of physical abuse determinations in young children with fractures. Child Abuse Negl. 2017 Oct; 2017 Aug 10. PMID: 28802910

Goodman TR, Kelleher M: Improving Novice Radiology Trainees' Perception Using Fine Art. J Am Coll Radiol. 2017 Oct; 2017 Aug 24. PMID: 28838750

Reddy SB, Kelleher M, Bokhari SAJ, Davis KA, Schuster KM: A highly sensitive and specific combined clinical and sonographic score to diagnose appendicitis. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2017 Oct. PMID: 28459797

Song JW, Mango MC, Museru LM, Kesselman A, Foryoung K, Kiloloma O, Goodman TR, Minja FJ: Successful Implementation of a PACS in Tanzania. J Am Coll Radiol. 2017 May; 2017 Mar 1. PMID: 28259497

Blumfield E, Moore MM, Drake MK, Goodman TR, Lewis KN, Meyer LT, Ngo TD, Sammet C, Stanescu AL, Swenson DW, Slovis TL, Iyer RS: Survey of gadolinium-based contrast agent utilization among the members of the Society for Pediatric Radiology: a Quality and Safety Committee report. Pediatr Radiol. 2017 May; 2017 Mar 10. PMID: 28283728

Harari AA, Conti MB, Bokhari SA, Staib LH, Taylor CR: The Role of Report Comparison, Analysis, and Discrepancy Categorization in Resident Education. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2016 Dec; 2016 Sep 22. PMID: 27657361

Wu EY, Ehrlich L, Handly B, Frush DP, Buckley RH: Clinical and imaging considerations in primary immunodeficiency disorders: an update. Pediatr Radiol. 2016 Nov; 2016 Sep 22. PMID: 27655432

Kaufman C, Bokhari SA: The floating cardiac fat pad-sign of occult pneumothorax. Emerg Radiol. 2016 Aug; 2016 Jun 1. PMID: 27250975

Kelleher MS Jr, Forman HP, Goodman TR, Pahade JK: Proctoring of New Emergency Radiologists to Promote Clinical Excellence and Ensure Quality of Care. J Am Coll Radiol. 2016 Aug; 2016 May 6. PMID: 27162039

Kelleher MS Jr, Keller J, Blanchette S, Rolen MF, Bokhari SA: The Implementation and Impact of a Quality Improvement Program in Emergency Radiology. J Am Coll Radiol. 2016 Jul; 2016 Jan 20. PMID: 26810634

Lichtor JL, Roche Rodriguez M, Aaronson NL, Spock T, Goodman TR, Baum ED: Epiglottitis: It Hasn't Gone Away. Anesthesiology. 2016 Jun. PMID: 27031010

Kelleher MS Jr, Gao G, Rolen MF, Bokhari SA: Completion CT of Chest, Abdomen, and Pelvis after Acute Head and Cervical Spine Trauma: Incidence of Acute Traumatic Findings in the Setting of Low-Velocity Trauma. Radiology. 2016 May; 2015 Dec 22. PMID: 26694053

Riera A, Bokhari SA, Bechtel K: If You Twinkle When You Tinkle, Stones Are Found on Ultrasound. Pediatr Emerg Care. 2016 Apr. PMID: 26359827

Friedman T, Michalski M, Goodman TR, Brown JE: 3D printing from diagnostic images: a radiologist's primer with an emphasis on musculoskeletal imaging-putting the 3D printing of pathology into the hands of every physician. Skeletal Radiol. 2016 Mar; 2015 Nov 23. PMID: 26592802

Kelleher MS Jr, Rolen MF, Bokhari SAJ: Reshaping the emergency radiology call experience after the merger of two programs: the Yale experience. Emerg Radiol. 2016 Feb; 2015 Dec 29. PMID: 26715242

Malhotra A, Wu X, Kalra VB, Goodman TR, Schindler J, Forman HP: Screening for Pediatric Blunt Cerebrovascular Injury: Review of Literature and a Cost-Effectiveness Analysis. J Pediatr Surg. 2015 Oct; 2015 May 27. PMID: 26546389

Sheridan AD, Ehrlich L, Morotti RA, Goodman TR: Sonographic distinction between acute suppurative appendicitis and viral appendiceal lymphoid hyperplasia ("pink appendix") with pathological correlation. Ultrasound Q. 2015 Jun. PMID: 25945725

Silva CT, Engel C, Cross SN, Copel JE, Morotti RA, Baker KE, Goodman TR: Postnatal sonographic spectrum of prenatally detected abdominal and pelvic cysts. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2014 Dec. PMID: 25415735

Collins J, Gruppen LD, Bailey JE, Bokhari SA, Paladin AM, Robbins J, White RD: 24/7/365 in-house radiologist coverage: effect on resident education. Acad Radiol. 2014 Jul; 2014 Apr 13. PMID: 24735756

Thompson A, Silva CT, Gork AS, Wang D, Ehrenkranz RA: Intestinal blood flow by Doppler ultrasound: the impact of gestational age and time from first enteral feeding in preterm neonates. Am J Perinatol. 2014 Apr; 2013 May 31. PMID: 23729284

Faustino EV, Spinella PC, Li S, Pinto MG, Stoltz P, Tala J, Card ME, Northrup V, Baker KE, Goodman TR, Chen L, Silva CT: Incidence and acute complications of asymptomatic central venous catheter-related deep venous thrombosis in critically ill children. J Pediatr. 2013 Feb; 2012 Aug 9. PMID: 22883418

Maxfield MW, Schuster KM, McGillicuddy EA, Young CJ, Ghita M, Bokhari SA, Oliva IB, Brink JA, Davis KA: Impact of adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction on radiation dose in evaluation of trauma patients. J Trauma Acute Care Surg. 2012 Dec. PMID: 23147183

Engel C, Silva C, Baker K, Goodman TR: Underutilized ultrasound applications in the neonatal intensive care unit. Ultrasound Q. 2012 Dec. PMID: 23143111

Goodman TR, Amurao M: Medical imaging radiation safety for the female patient: rationale and implementation. Radiographics. 2012 Oct. PMID: 23065171

Riera A, Hsiao AL, Langhan ML, Goodman TR, Chen L: Diagnosis of intussusception by physician novice sonographers in the emergency department. Ann Emerg Med. 2012 Sep; 2012 Mar 15. PMID: 22424652

Silva CT, Naveed N, Bokhari S, Baker KE, Staib LH, Ibrahim SM, Muchantef K, Goodman TR: Early assessment of the efficacy of digital infrared thermal imaging in pediatric extremity trauma. Emerg Radiol. 2012 Jun; 2012 Feb 24. PMID: 22362422

Sheth MM, Cai G, Goodman TR: AIRP best cases in radiologic-pathologic correlation: congenital mesoblastic nephroma. Radiographics. 2012 Jan-Feb. PMID: 22236896

Gunturu KS, Nagarajan P, McPhedran P, Goodman TR, Hodsdon ME, Strout MP: Ayurvedic herbal medicine and lead poisoning. J Hematol Oncol. 2011 Dec 20; 2011 Dec 20. PMID: 22185092

Davis DJ, Moon M, Kennedy S, DelBasso S, Forman HP, Bokhari SA: Introducing medical students to radiology as paid emergency department triage assistants. J Am Coll Radiol. 2011 Oct. PMID: 21962786

Goodman TR, Scoutt LM, Brink JA: A survey of emergency physician-performed ultrasound: implications for academic radiology departments. J Am Coll Radiol. 2011 Sep. PMID: 21889749

McGillicuddy EA, Lischuk AW, Schuster KM, Kaplan LJ, Maung A, Lui FY, Bokhari SA, Davis KA: Development of a computed tomography-based scoring system for necrotizing soft-tissue infections. J Trauma. 2011 Apr. PMID: 21610394

Swanger RS, Crum AV, Klett ZG, Bokhari SA: Postsurgical imaging of the globe. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 2011 Feb. PMID: 21277492

Silva CT, Brockley CR, Crum A, Mandelstam SA: Pediatric ocular sonography. Semin Ultrasound CT MR. 2011 Feb. PMID: 21277488

Monico EP, Forman HP, Goodman TR, Schwartz I, Larkin GL: A survey of policies and procedures on the communication and documentation of radiologic interpretations. J Healthc Risk Manag. 2011. PMID: 21351193

Goodman TR, Forman HP, Stein S, Bronen R, Brink JA: An "a la carte" academic radiology compensation plan: something for everyone. J Am Coll Radiol. 2010 Nov. PMID: 21040871

Goodman TR: Understanding the cancer-CT conundrum. J Clin Gastroenterol. 2010 Aug. PMID: 20502349

Leder SB, Baker KE, Goodman TR: Dysphagia testing and aspiration status in medically stable infants requiring mechanical ventilation via tracheotomy. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2010 Jul. PMID: 20124944

Kennedy S, Knibutat DB, DelBasso SL, Bokhari SA, Forman HP: The educational and career impact of using medical students for triaging off-hour diagnostic imaging requests at a major academic medical center. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2010 Apr. PMID: 20308506

Burg MM, Graeber B, Vashist A, Collins D, Earley C, Liu J, Lampert R, Soufer R: Noninvasive detection of risk for emotion-provoked myocardial ischemia. Psychosom Med. 2009 Jan; 2008 Oct 21. PMID: 18941131

Brink JA, Goodman TR: Fourth Annual Warren K. Sinclair Keynote Address: the use and misuse of radiation in medicine. Health Phys. 2008 Nov. PMID: 18849681

Kim H, Taksali SE, Dufour S, Befroy D, Goodman TR, Petersen KF, Shulman GI, Caprio S, Constable RT: Comparative MR study of hepatic fat quantification using single-voxel proton spectroscopy, two-point dixon and three-point IDEAL. Magn Reson Med. 2008 Mar. PMID: 18306404

Taksali SE, Caprio S, Dziura J, Dufour S, Calí AM, Goodman TR, Papademetris X, Burgert TS, Pierpont BM, Savoye M, Shaw M, Seyal AA, Weiss R: High visceral and low abdominal subcutaneous fat stores in the obese adolescent: a determinant of an adverse metabolic phenotype. Diabetes. 2008 Feb; 2007 Oct 31. PMID: 17977954

Weinstein A, Goodman TR, Iragorri S: Simple multicystic dysplastic kidney disease: end points for subspecialty follow-up. Pediatr Nephrol. 2008 Jan; 2007 Oct 24. PMID: 17957387

Jonisch AI, Hojman H, Yeo H, Bokhari SA: Infarcted splenule--a case report. Emerg Radiol. 2007 Jun; 2007 Feb 28. PMID: 17333083

Leventhal JM, Larson IA, Abdoo D, Singaracharlu S, Takizawa C, Miller C, Goodman TR, Schwartz D, Grasso S, Ellingson K: Are abusive fractures in young children becoming less common? Changes over 24 years. Child Abuse Negl. 2007 Mar; 2007 Mar 26. PMID: 17383725

Burgert TS, Taksali SE, Dziura J, Goodman TR, Yeckel CW, Papademetris X, Constable RT, Weiss R, Tamborlane WV, Savoye M, Seyal AA, Caprio S: Alanine aminotransferase levels and fatty liver in childhood obesity: associations with insulin resistance, adiponectin, and visceral fat. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2006 Nov; 2006 Aug 15. PMID: 16912127

Shah R, Burg MM, Vashist A, Collins D, Liu J, Jadbabaie F, Graeber B, Earley C, Lampert R, Soufer R: C-reactive protein and vulnerability to mental stress-induced myocardial ischemia. Mol Med. 2006 Nov-Dec. PMID: 17380191

Dillon B, Goodman TR: A periureteric venous ring diagnosed by MRI: an unusual cause of flank pain. Pediatr Radiol. 2006 Jun; 2006 Apr 21. PMID: 16708207

Henry MC, Breuer CK, Tashjian DB, Moss RL, McKee M, Touloukian R, Goodman TR, Miller C, Bokhari J: The appendix sign: a radiographic marker for irreducible intussusception. J Pediatr Surg. 2006 Mar. PMID: 16516621

Graeber B, Vanderwal T, Stiller RJ, Werdmann MJ: Late postpartum eclampsia as an obstetric complication seen in the ED. Am J Emerg Med. 2005 Mar. PMID: 15765338

Kocheril AG, Bokhari SA, Batsford WP, Sinusas AJ: Long QTc and torsades de pointes in human immunodeficiency virus disease. Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 1997 Nov. PMID: 9392812