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Brita Roy

MD, MPH, MHS
Assistant Professor Adjunct (General Medicine); Director of Population Health, Yale Medicine

Contact Information

Brita Roy, MD, MPH, MHS

Mailing Address

  • General Internal Medicine

    367 Cedar St., ESH-A

    New Haven, CT 06510

    United States

Research Summary

I investigate how positive social, environmental, and psychological factors may reduce incidence and prevalence of cardiovascular disease and gun violence and their risk factors at the individual and community levels. I aim to test ways to leverage these individual and community assets to mitigate disparities in these health outcomes.

Extensive Research Description

At the individual level, I investigate how positive psychosocial factors such as optimism, emotion regulation, and resilience mitigate the impact of chronic stress on cardiovascular disease risk. At the community level, I work with community organizations to build social connections and capacity to reduce disease burden. Along these lines, I have developed a framework for understanding collective well-being, a community-level measure of the ability of a place to support and promote health from birth.

Research Interests

Preventive Medicine; Social Justice

Public Health Interests

Cardiovascular Diseases; Community Health; Modeling; Community Engagement; Health Equity, Disparities, Social Determinants and Justice

Research Image

Selected Publications

  • Organizational Culture, Practices, and Patterns of Interaction that Drive the Gender Pay Gap in Medicine: Second-Generation Gender Bias and Other ComplexitiesRoy B, Gottlieb A. Organizational Culture, Practices, and Patterns of Interaction that Drive the Gender Pay Gap in Medicine: Second-Generation Gender Bias and Other Complexities 2020, 7-16. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-51031-2_2.
  • Abstract P538: Cardiovascular Health Benefits of Optimism are Socially Patterned: A 15-year Prospective StudyQureshi F, Soo J, Chen Y, Roy B, Lloyd-Jones D, Kubzansky L, Boehm J. Abstract P538: Cardiovascular Health Benefits of Optimism are Socially Patterned: A 15-year Prospective Study Circulation 2020, 141 DOI: 10.1161/circ.141.suppl_1.p538.
  • Reframing healthcare services through the lens of Co-Production: teaching health professionals to explore the link between patient care, coproduction, and the Social Quality ModelBart B, Wollersheim H, Carlson M, Roy B, Jones S, Hesselink G, Batalden P, Wolf J, de Man Y, Groenewoud S, Johnson J. Reframing healthcare services through the lens of Co-Production: teaching health professionals to explore the link between patient care, coproduction, and the Social Quality Model International Journal Of Integrated Care 2019, 19: 570. DOI: 10.5334/ijic.s3570.
  • Challenges of an attempted cross-national comparison of healthcare and social care utilization and costs in patients with congestive heart failure in the United States and NetherlandsCarlson M, De Man Y, Roy B, Wolf J, Batalden P, Johson J, Hesselink G, Jones S, Wollersheim H, Bart B, Groenewoud S. Challenges of an attempted cross-national comparison of healthcare and social care utilization and costs in patients with congestive heart failure in the United States and Netherlands International Journal Of Integrated Care 2019, 19: 605. DOI: 10.5334/ijic.s3605.
  • The Social Quality Model and its impact on quality of life among patients with heart failure in the United States and the Netherlands: results from a cross-national surveyRoy B, Wolf J, Carlson M, Akkermans R, Bart B, Batalden P, Johnson J, Jones S, DeMan Y, Groenewoud S, Maassen I, Wollersheim H, Hesselink G. The Social Quality Model and its impact on quality of life among patients with heart failure in the United States and the Netherlands: results from a cross-national survey International Journal Of Integrated Care 2019, 19: 558. DOI: 10.5334/ijic.s3558.
  • People mover's distance: Class level geometry using fast pairwise data adaptive transportation costsCloninger A, Roy B, Riley C, Krumholz H. People mover's distance: Class level geometry using fast pairwise data adaptive transportation costs Applied And Computational Harmonic Analysis 2019, 47: 248-257. DOI: 10.1016/j.acha.2018.10.002.
  • Abstract 335: Population Well-being and Cardiovascular DiseaseSpatz E, Herrin J, Riley C, Roy B, Witters D, Coberley C, Krumholz H. Abstract 335: Population Well-being and Cardiovascular Disease Circulation Cardiovascular Quality And Outcomes 2014, 7 DOI: 10.1161/circoutcomes.7.suppl_1.335.
  • Abstract P105: Women with Atrial Fibrillation have Increased Risk of Incident Stroke: Insights from a Propensity-Matched Study of the AFFIRM TrialRoy B, Desai R, Ahmed M, Fonarow G, Anorow W, Ahmed A. Abstract P105: Women with Atrial Fibrillation have Increased Risk of Incident Stroke: Insights from a Propensity-Matched Study of the AFFIRM Trial Circulation 2012, 125 DOI: 10.1161/circ.125.suppl_10.ap105.