Skip to Main Content

Frequently Asked Questions


Are non-U.S. citizens eligible for this K12 program?

No. The program is only for U.S. citizens or permanent residents. Individuals on temporary or student visas are not eligible.

Is the program for MDs and clinicians only? May PhDs apply?

You do not have to have a clinical degree. Anyone with a doctoral degree (e.g., MD, PhD, DNP, DrPH, DO, DDS, DMD, OD, DC, PharmD, ND, or PsyD) is eligible. Your career goals and interests must be in patient-centered outcomes research; however the program aims to draw Scholars from a wide range of disciplines.

What level of training do I need (fellow, postdoctoral trainee, or faculty)?

The Yale-CORE PCOR program is designed to train junior faculty and postdoctoral fellows.

Am I eligible if I currently have another K application or R01 submitted or pending peer review at AHRQ or NIH?

No. The following individuals are not eligible to apply:
  • Those who have simultaneously submitted or have an application pending peer review for any other Federal career development award, or a research project grant (R01);
  • Those who have simultaneously submitted or have an application pending peer review for any non-Federal research grant, contract, or cooperative agreement over $100,000 direct costs per year;
  • Those who have been or are currently a PD/PI on any other Federal mentored career development awards;
  • Those who have been or are currently supported on an institutional K12 grant or KL2 (or similar grant);
  • Those who have been or are currently a PD/PI on a Federal research grant (such as R01, R29, P01) or subproject leaders on Program Project (P01) and Center Grants (P50); and/or
  • Those who have been or are currently a PD/PI on peer-reviewed non-Federal research grants, contracts or cooperative agreements over $100,000 direct costs per year.

Are adjunct-series faculty eligible?

No. K12 Scholars must have a primary full-time appointment at Yale when they start the Program on July 1.

May I apply to the program if I do not have a full-time appointment at Yale?

Yes. At the time of application, you are not required to have an appointment at Yale. However, you will need a full-time appointment when you enroll as a Yale-CORE PCOR Scholar. At the time of application, you will need to submit a letter from the department chair indicating that you will have a faculty or postdoctoral appointment by the time the K12 award commences if you are selected as a Scholar.

If I am a co-investigator but have never been a principal investigator on an R01, am I still eligible for the program?

Yes. However, upon appointment to the Yale-CORE PCOR Scholars Program, Scholars must relinquish salary support from all other federal research grants for the duration of their K12 appointment.

I am a PI of industry grants; am I eligible for the K12?

This is allowed as long as the industry grants are not peer-reviewed research grants that exceed $100,000 in direct costs per year.

Can I apply if I have a T32 fellowship?

Yes. You are eligible for up to 5 years on the K12 after having a T32.

Is my research study a good fit/appropriate for the program?

Projects should include outcomes that patients and the public care about, while being anchored in PCOR methods, which aims to help people and their caregivers make informed health care decisions, allowing their voices to be heard in assessing the value of health care options. PCOR explicitly recognizes the contribution of a number of types of research, including evidence synthesis, primary data generation, and implementation and dissemination research – all informed directly by the end user of the research. Each research project should involve stakeholders, including patients and community members, as partners from conceptualization through dissemination. Additionally, projects should entail some element of CER and lead the applicant to the next step in their career. Specific plans for disseminating the findings and incorporating them into health care delivery and decision-making should be described in the application.

Yale-CORE and its numerous partners have experience in PCOR and CER studies such as randomized trials, prospective longitudinal cohort studies, retrospective longitudinal studies, meta-analyses and systematic review methodologies, decision science modeling and analysis, implementation science studies, hybrid studies with registries and administrative data, and quality measure development. Yale-CORE has a breadth of relationships and ongoing projects that will provide opportunities for mentorship and research.


Where can I find the application materials?

For information and application materials please click here:

I have completed and submitted my application. What can I expect to happen next?

After we receive your completed application, it will be assigned to at least 2 local reviewers for evaluation who will have varying degrees of expertise in your research subject matter. All reviewers will convene for an NIH-style study section to discuss and numerically rank the proposals. Applicants of the top ranked proposals will be invited for a brief interview with the K12 leadership in May. The main focus of the interview is to ensure that career development expectations are aligned between the applicant, his/her mentors, and the K12 program’s leadership.

Does each applicant have to be approved by AHRQ as well as by Yale?

Yale-CORE PCOR Scholars are selected by the program directors, based on their application materials. After Scholars are selected for the program, AHRQ will be informed of their appointment.


How can I learn more about the program?

Please see the Yale-CORE PCOR Scholars Program (K12) website for more information:

What coursework is required for PCOR Scholars?

Each Scholar is expected to participate in the following, however the Yale-CORE PCOR training program will be tailored to the individual needs and level of experience of the scholar:
  • Seminar series on comparative effectiveness research (CER) and patient-centered outcomes (PCOR)
  • Seminars in Leadership and Translation
  • Ethical and Practical Issues in Clinical Investigation (IMED 630)
  • Online training in research integrity provided by the Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative (CITI)
  • Principles and Practices of Research
  • Community-Based Participatory Research
  • Seminars in Health Policy and Delivery
  • Biostatistics
  • Clinical and Health Services Research Methods

Upon satisfactory completion of all required coursework, Scholars are eligible for the MHS.

Do I need to spend 75% of my time on PCOR research?

Yes. You must have 75% protected time to devote to the PCOR Scholars Program activities.

The application states that Scholars are expected to participate in a policy-relevant project within CORE. Can you explain this requirement?

All Scholars are expected to participate in at least one policy-relevant project within CORE that involves the development of national quality measures of health care performance. However, Scholars’ primary research projects may be conducted in any area of outcomes research that patients and the public care about.


How many mentors do I need?

Scholars are encouraged to have at least three mentors including a General Program Mentor, a Research Project Mentor, and a Career Development Mentor.

Do I select my mentors? If so, how do I select them?

Scholars are encouraged to work with their division chief, department chair, or program directors to select mentors that are appropriate, based on their area of research. Mentors can be from within Yale as well as external to Yale.

Will mentors be paid?

Up to $5,000, including fringe benefit costs, is available to support one primary mentor annually per Scholar.

May anyone serve as a mentor?

Yes. Mentors just need to be qualified by their expertise in your area of research, their previous experience as a mentor, and the infrastructure they could provide for your project. Your mentors must be approved by the program directors.

Salary and Other Support

What is supported?

The program offers the following:
  • 75% salary support, as well as associated fringe benefits, for two or three years. The total salary must be based on a 12-month appointment and the level of effort related to Yale-CORE PCOR Scholars Program activities. PCOR Scholars’ salary costs are limited to $90,000 per year, plus fringe benefits.
  • Up to $25,000 per year per Scholar will be available to support pilot research projects and travel (once) to Washington, D.C. for a national meeting of PCOR K12 Scholars.

If I am a faculty member, who pays the other 25% of my salary, or is my salary now 75% of my original salary?

The other 25% of your salary may be covered by any combination of institutional funds or other non-federal sponsored research projects, provided the activities are all consistent with the goals of the K12, i.e. the Scholar’s development into an independent investigator. It cannot be paid through other federal grants.

May I apply for 100% salary support from the K12?

No. The maximum level of salary support from the K12 for junior faculty is 75% of professional effort. Yale faculty members are expected to perform other duties, such as teaching, clinical, and administrative activities, and the effort for such duties must be paid by non-federal sources.

Additional Questions

Whom should I contact if I have additional questions?

Please contact Kendall Getek ( for additional administrative questions and Jennifer Mattera ( for specific questions about appropriateness/fit of research with CORE.