When promoter Jim Westhall brought pro tennis to New Haven in 1990, the wooden spectator stands on the Yale campus filled with as many as 5,000 fans. "All the big names were here," recalls Peter Jokl, MD, chief of Yale Sports Medicine.
For many years Dr. Jokl led a team of orthopaedists who volunteered their services to visiting players. Dr. Jokl watched the tennis competition evolve from a premier men's event sponsored by Volvo and played in a makeshift stadium, to a men's and women's tournament, to what it is today—the New Haven Open at Yale, a premier stop on the Women's Tennis Association (WTA) tour housed in a 15,000-seat stadium, the Cullman-Heyman Tennis Center, which opened in 1991. Dr. Jokl has turned over the tournament coverage to another Yale orthopedic surgeon, Michael Medvecky, MD.
The team now led by Dr. Medvecky always has one physician on duty at the stadium during the weeklong tournament in August. The team also includes Cordelia Carter, MD, and Karen Sutton, MD, who specialize in sports medicine, and Joseph Wu, MD. WTA fields trainers who are well versed in the players' medical histories serve as their primary care providers, providing initial evaluation of musculoskeletal injuries, taping ankles, giving massages and icing aching muscles. But for more serious injuries the players turn to the Yale physicians.
Pro players have unique injuries
Professional players, Dr. Jokl says, suffer from different game-related injuries than recreational players like himself. The pros are plagued by back problems from "unwinding like a corkscrew" when they serve the ball at speeds up to 130 miles per hour. But their good swinging form keeps them from getting tennis elbow—unlike many weekend athletes who play for fun.
Dr. Medvecky says that rarely, perhaps twice during a tournament, is he called to go directly onto the court to treat acute injuries—a player may experience shortness of breath or feel faint. He's more likely to deal with chronic ailments and wear-and-tear-type injuries. (And it's often the tennis fans sitting in the hot sun all afternoon who are sent to the hospital‒spectators get dehydrated and several have had coronary problems. Bee stings and the ball girls' and boys' scraped knees are also common occurrences.)
Because the Open comes late in the tennis season, which runs from January through November, some players' backs ache, and their ankles are prone to sprains by the time they get to New Haven. Players have also sought treatment for conditions outside the musculoskeletal realm, including gynecological issues, chronic skin conditions, allergies and other ailments.
"They're in a different city every week," says Dr. Jokl. Players often wait to address ongoing medical problems until they can gain access to high-quality care like that offered at Yale. At some stops on the WTA tour, "things we take for granted," like getting an MRI within 24 hours, aren't available, says Dr. Medvecky.
Juggling treatment with other demands
The players, he added, must also balance their treatment with career and financial consequences. Should they take the doctor's advice and sit out a few games? And how will that brief absence affect their standing in the tournament? Such considerations can't affect his decisions, Dr. Medvecky says; the patient's health is his priority. Sometimes players heed his counsel and sit one out so that they can rest up for the next tournament on the tour: the U.S. Open, one of the oldest and most prestigious tennis tournaments in the world.
The nomadic lifestyle of a professional tennis player is much less glamorous than most people imagine, Dr. Medvecky adds, and can lead not only to marginal health care but also to compromised emotional and mental well-being. The players often seek comfort and companionship in the training room, which Kerri Whitehead, head trainer for the WTA, calls the "kitchen of the WTA." The room can become a haven where the players relax with one another along with friends and family members.
And the doctors play a role there too. "(The physicians) are in the training room to maybe just talk with an athlete and say hello," says Whitehead. "We back each other up on a daily basis. It's an equal-balance working relationship. We couldn't run the training room without the excellent services they provide."
To make an appointment at Yale Sports Medicine call 203-737-5656.