Implicit bias may help explain high preschool expulsion rates for black children
Preschool teachers and staff show signs of implicit bias in administering discipline, but the race of the teacher plays a big role in the outcome, according to research conducted by the Yale Child Study Center. The results help explain why black students tend to be suspended at much higher rates than white students, the authors say.
We expel preschool kids three times as often as K-12 students. Here's how to change that.
Preschoolers get expelled at three times the rate of students in elementary, middle and high schools. But when teachers get regular help from mental-health coaches, they expel at half the rate of those who don’t.Source: The Seattle Times
Building Bridges: Child Development and the Science of Peace
Yale researchers have combined findings from multiple fields — including psychology, neuroscience, and anthropology — to champion early child development programs as pathways to peace. Over the past two years, both Panter-Brick, professor of anthropology, health, and global affairs, and professor James Leckman of the Yale Child Study Center, have participated in a number of forums on promoting peace. These discussions and conferences are a part of the United Nation’s Early Childhood Peace Consortium, for which Panter-Brick and Leckman serve as lead members.Source: Yale Scientific
Pathways to Peace: The Transformative Power of Children and Families
Rima Salah is an assistant clinical professor at the Yale Child Study Center and former Deputy Executive Director of UNICEF. We talk with Professor Salah about her new book, Pathways to Peace: The Transformative Power of Children and Families, that she edited in collaboration with Dr. James Leckman and Catherine Panter-Brick from Yale University.Source: The MacMillan Report
An ‘Epic’ pushback as U.S. prepares for new era of empowering patient health data
Epic, the largest electronic health record company in the U.S., launched an effort last week to persuade hospital CEOs across the country to fight recent efforts by the federal government to ensure that patients can easily access their electronic health data.Source: STAT
Not so conscientious objection: When can doctors refuse to treat?
In overturning the Trump administration’s attempt to expand the so-called conscience rule for health care workers this week, a federal judge has brought renewed attention to a long-simmering debate in medicine over when doctors can decline to provide treatment to patients without abdicating their professional responsibilities.Source: STAT
Landmark Conference Sept. 26-27 at Yale Law School: "The Affordable Care Act at 10: History, Legacy, Challenges"
This unprecedented gathering will reflect on the policy, legal, and political advances and challenges that a decade of the Affordable Care Act has brought us. We will gather the leading scholars and some of the most important players involved in the Affordable Care Act's passage and implementation, including former White House Chief of Staff Rahm Emanuel, former HHS Secretary Kathleen Sebelius, former U.S. Solicitors General Donald Verrilli and Paul Clement, and many others.
YSPH Collaborating with China to Develop New Medical Payment Models
Improving China’s medical payment models was the topic of discussion when Yale School of Public Health Dean Sten H. Vermund traveled to Beijing in January 2019 to meet with officials from China’s National Health Commission as part of the country’s ongoing healthcare reform efforts.
Zack Cooper Receives Carnegie Fellowship to Support Research on Drug Pricing
Health economist Zack Cooper, associate professor at the Yale School of Public Health and in the Department of Economics, is one of 32 recipients of this year’s Andrew Carnegie Fellowship, awarded by the Carnegie Corporation of New York.
Community input sought in New Haven diversion program
Nearly a year after the city implemented its harm reduction program, LEAD, it’s reaching out to involve the community in the effort. Sophie Wheelock, a master's of public health candidate t at the Yale School of Public Health worked on a report presented to the community in September.Source: Chron
Asking the Right Questions About Cannabis Legalization
Tony George, MD, HS '96, an addiction specialist at the University of Toronto, believes that Canada has not prepared for legalization and its consequences. He argues that more research on the effects—positive and negative—of smoking pot is needed, as well as increased access to treatment for those who suffer from cannabis use disorder.
Yale joins the ‘surge’ to prepare African scientists to lead HIV treatment and prevention
South Africa has the largest HIV epidemic in the world, with an estimated 7.1 million infected individuals. National and global commitment to a “surge” — rapid expansion of HIV/AIDS and TB treatment and prevention throughout the country — will significantly increase the demand for researchers with expertise in areas such as implementation science who can define best practices and influence effective policy.
Infant Health is the Top Priority
Breastfeeding (BF) support is one of the most cost-effective interventions to advance mother–child health worldwide. Large-scale BF support may prevent 11.6% of infant deaths and improves cognitive development. Read the joint statement from Dean Sten Vermund and Rafael Pérez-Escamilla.
Yale researchers investigate decline in use of preventive defibrillators
In some patients with weak heart muscles, an implantable cardioverter defibrillator, or ICD, can help maintain normal heart rhythm and prolong life. However, concerns about possible overuse of these devices, and a federal investigation, may have led to a recent drop in their use by doctors, a Yale-led study found.
Viral Suppression Helps Lower Risk for Many Types of Cancer, Study Finds.
A new study by the Yale School of Public Health and partner institutions is the first to examine the potential cancer prevention benefits of prolonged periods of HIV viral suppression, resulting from antiretroviral therapy, for persons living with HIV.