Implicit bias may help explain high preschool expulsion rates for black children
Preschool teachers and staff show signs of implicit bias in administering discipline, but the race of the teacher plays a big role in the outcome, according to research conducted by the Yale Child Study Center. The results help explain why black students tend to be suspended at much higher rates than white students, the authors say.
We expel preschool kids three times as often as K-12 students. Here's how to change that.
Preschoolers get expelled at three times the rate of students in elementary, middle and high schools. But when teachers get regular help from mental-health coaches, they expel at half the rate of those who don’t.Source: The Seattle Times
Pathways to Peace: The Transformative Power of Children and Families
Rima Salah is an assistant clinical professor at the Yale Child Study Center and former Deputy Executive Director of UNICEF. We talk with Professor Salah about her new book, Pathways to Peace: The Transformative Power of Children and Families, that she edited in collaboration with Dr. James Leckman and Catherine Panter-Brick from Yale University.Source: The MacMillan Report
Implicit Organizational Bias: Mental Health Treatment Culture and Norms as Barriers to Engaging with Diversity
Miraj Desai, PhD, Instructor in Psychiatry, is first author of a paper in American Psychologist that aimed to better understand the sources of barriers to care for Latinx and Asian patient populations by examining shared themes across providers’ descriptions of their encounters.Source: Race, Research & Policy Portal
Largest Genome Study to Date of Anxiety Reveals New Risk Variants and Suggests Possible Biological Mechanisms
Daniel Levey, PhD, Associate Research Scientist in Psychiatry, and Joel Gelernter, MD, Foundations Fund Professor of Psychiatry and Professor of Genetics and of Neuroscience, are among the authors of a study relating DNA variations and anxiety disorders which has revealed several previously unidentified locations in the human genome where variations in the sequence tend to occur in people with anxiety, compared with people who don't have anxiety.Source: Brain & Behavior Research Foundation
Are you a female over 50 experiencing stress and sleep difficulties?
If you are a female over 50 and feel overwhelmed or stressed and experience difficulty sleeping, you may be eligible to participate in a free and confidential study that provides talk therapy that may help improve your emotional and cognitive health and also looks at how the brain works with advanced MRI scanning techniques.
Efficacy of Intravenous Ketamine in Adolescent Treatment-Resistant Depression: A Randomized Midazolam-Controlled Trial
Yale Department of Psychiatry and Yale Child Study Center researchers conducted the first randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial of intravenous ketamine in adolescents with depression.Source: American Journal of Psychiatry
Yale, VA Researchers Investigate Eating Disorders in Iraq and Afghanistan War-Era Veterans
Researchers at Yale School of Medicine and the VA Connecticut Healthcare System, in a pair of complementary studies, investigated eating disorders in Iraq and Afghanistan war-era veterans, a group thought to be at high risk for the disorders.
Suicide Risk Jumps Soon After Dementia Diagnosis
Older patients recently diagnosed with dementia are at a significantly increased risk for suicide compared to their peers without dementia. Investigators found that individuals who were diagnosed with dementia had a 54% increased risk for suicide within the first year after diagnosis. The risk was particularly high among those aged 74 years and younger. Timothy Schmutte, PsyD, Assistant Professor of Psychiatry, was the study investigator.Source: Medscape
Research Begun by WHRY Continues to Show Possible Pathway to Derail Dementia
Research is revealing the mechanisms that underlie the role of estradiol in memory so that next generation treatments for Alzheimer's disease and other dementias can specifically target these mechanisms and avoid the potential for negative side effects of systemic estrogen therapy.
Yale Physiology researchers discover how blind worms "see" the color blue
The laboratory of Dr. Michael Nitabach discovered that C. elegans, despite lacking eyes and opsin genes, can discriminate between colors to guide foraging decisions. The study is published in the Science journal (https://science.sciencemag.org/content/371/6533/1059) and is accompanied by a perspective article by Lauren Neal, Leslie Vosshall (https://science.sciencemag.org/content/371/6533/995)Source: How Do Blind Worms See the Color Blue?
Grilo Guest Co-Editor of Special Issue of Clinical Therapeutics
Carlos Grilo, PhD, Professor of Psychiatry and of Psychology and Director of the Yale Program for Obesity Weight and Eating Research, served as guest co-editor on the January 2021 special issue of Clinical Therapeutics, centered on the topic of eating disorders.
Genetic Analysis of Symptoms Yields New Insights Into PTSD
Attempts to identify the genetic causes of neuropsychiatric diseases such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) through large-scale genome-wide analyses have yielded thousands of potential links. The challenge is further complicated by the wide range of symptoms exhibited by those who have PTSD. For instance, does extreme arousal, anger, or irritation experienced by some have the same genetic basis as the tendency to re-experience traumatic events, another symptom of the disorder? A new study led by researchers at Yale and the University of California-San Diego (UCSD) provides answers to some of these questions and uncovers intriguing genetic similarities between PTSD and other mental health disorders such as anxiety, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia.Source: Yale News
Scientists Unravel Mystery of Sex Disparities in COVID-19 Outcomes
"Age and sex are where immunological changes intersect,” says Akiko Iwasaki, PhD. Over the past year, Iwasaki and her colleagues from around the globe have compiled a rich literature of research that reveals in detail these and other factors that make the virus more lethal for men.Source: YaleNews
Understanding Immune System Blunders in Response to the Coronavirus
Genetics, gender, and even botched timing on the part of the immune response all appear important in the development of COVID-19. Akiko Iwasaki, PhD, is leading research to help us better predict who is likely to sail through a bout with COVID-19 and who may need targeted lifesaving care.