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Timeline of Research, Commentary, and Policy Regarding Preschool Expulsions and Suspensions

Since the first national report on preschool expulsions in 2005, much has been learned about the causes and consequences of early childhood suspensions and expulsions.  Fortunately much has also been learned about effective methods to prevent them. This timeline details significant events and documents at the federal, state, and local levels, along with links to the relevant resources. 

2005

2006

  • Massachusetts mandates annual reporting metrics associated with Pre-K expulsion, including prevention and intervention strategies to address severe behavioral challenges.
  • Yale Report on Massachusetts PreK Expulsions, Suspensions, and Predictors

2007

2008

  • Massachusetts begins requiring annual reports by the Board of Early Education and Care on progress made toward reducing expulsion rates in preschoolers.
  • Walter Gilliam of the Yale Child Study Center Makes Recommendations to Address Pre-K Expulsion

2010

  • A study of Wisconsin child care providers found that more than two-thirds of respondents had asked a family to leave at some point in their career, and over half had done so within the past two years.

2011

  • University of Missouri responds to findings from the National Prekindergarten Study, issuing statewide policy recommendations.
  • Caring for Our Children provides the first national policy recommendations of preschool expulsion and early childhood mental health consultation for child care.

  • Michigan releases an evaluation of the Childcare Expulsion Prevention initiative, reporting on the outcomes of children and families who participated in its services.

2012-2013

2014

Secretary of Education Arne Duncan discusses the Data Snapshot released by the Office of Civil Rights.

Secretary of Education Arne Duncan discusses the Data Snapshot released by the Office of Civil Rights.

Secretary of Education Arne Duncan discusses the Data Snapshot released by the Office of Civil Rights.
Dr. Gilliam's Testimony to the U.S. House Appropriations Subcommittee

Dr. Gilliam's Testimony to the U.S. House Appropriations Subcommittee

Dr. Gilliam’s testimony before the U.S. House Appropriations Subcommittee budget hearing, highlighting the critical role of healthy early learning environments.

2016

  • Maryland reports on success of state-funded Early Childhood Mental Health Consultation programs in reducing expulsion and improving mental health climate in preschool classrooms.
  • Head Start new performance standards are proposed by the Department of Health and Human Services to include language on preschool expulsion and suspension.
  • WBUR reported on Massachusetts suspension rates for the 2014-2015 year, showing Massachusetts public and charter schools suspended kindergarten and pre-K students 603 times during the school year.
  • United Way blog responds to WBUR's report of Massachusetts suspension rates for the 2014-2015 year, framing best strategies for young children’s social and emotional development as tools to reduce suspension.
  • For the first time ever, states are required to report preschool expulsion and suspension policies to the federal government.

    Under the 2014 Child Care Development Block Grant Reauthorization, these reports were due by March 2016 in order to access federal child care subsidy funds.