Communication in Autism

Introduction

Communication is a core deficit in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). In this one-hour lecture, terms related to communication are defined and typical communication development is reviewed. At each stage of typical acquisition differences seen in the communication of children with ASD are described and illustrated with video examples. A description of the aspects of communication that are unique to individuals with autism is also presented.

Featured Reading

Featured reading for the Communication in Autism lecture comes from:

Paul, R. Landa R. & Schoen, E. (in press). Communication in Asperger syndrome. In A. Klin, F. Volkmar & S. Sparrow (Eds.) Asperger syndrome. NY: Guilford Press.

This chapter discusses the role of language in differential diagnosis of ASD and Asperger syndrome, and provides in depth descriptions of the communication difficulties specific to Asperger syndrome.

Reading List

Below are selected readings from the Communication in Autism class meeting as well as a brief annotation from Dr. Paul on the reading material and a link to find the reading online or to purchase the book online.

Tager-Flusberg, H., Paul, R., & Lord, C. (2005). Communication in autism. In F. Volkmar, A. Klin, R. Paul, & D. cohen (Eds.) Handbook of Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders, 3rd Edition. (pp. 335- 364) N.Y.: Wiley & Sons.

This chapter summarizes typical language development and provides detailed descriptions of the range of communicative deficits seen in children with ASD.

Preview Chapter 12 in Google Books. Find this book online at the Publisher's website.

Gerenser, J. (2009). Language disorder in children with autism. In R. Schwartz, (Ed.). Handbook of Child Language Disorders. N.Y.: Psychology Press.

This chapter provides a general overview of the kids of communication deficits seen in ASD and the neurological bases thought to underlie them.

Find this book online at the Publisher's website.

Glodstein, H., Kaczmarek, L., & English, K. (2002). Promoting Social Communication. Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes.

This book presents a range of evidence-based approaches used to address social disabilities in children.

Find this book online at the Publisher's website.

Paul, R. (2005) Assessing communication in autism. In F. Volkmar, A. Klin, R. Paul, & D. cohen (Eds.) Handbook of Autism and Pervasive Developmental Disorders, 3rd Edition. (pp. 335- 364) N.Y.: Wiley & Sons.

This chapter provides an overview of the goals and methods used to evaluate the communication of children with ASD, including preverbal communication, basic language development and the assessment of pragmatics and prosody, the areas in which greatest deficits reside in high functioning individuals.

Find this book online at the Publisher's website.

Paul, R. Landa R. & Schoen, E. (in press). Communication in Asperger syndrome. In A. Klin, F. Volkmar & S. Sparrow (Eds.) Asperger syndrome. NY: Guilford Press.

This chapter discusses the role of language in differential diagnosis of ASD and Asperger syndrome, and provides in depth descriptions of the communication difficulties specific to Asperger syndrome.

Paul, R. (2008). Interventions to improve communication in autism. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 17. 835 - 856.

This paper reviews methods for improving communication skills in children with ASD and provides guidelines for evaluating various methods for a range of developmental levels.

Read the Author Manuscript at the PubMed Central website.

Chapter 6, Educational Interventions from "A Practical Guide to Autism"

Volkmar, Fred; Wiesner, Lisa. "A Practical Guide to Autism". John Wiley & Sons, Inc. New Jersey, 2009.

Find this book online at the Publisher's website.

Media and Other Resources

External Resources

Autism and Communication- National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders
The National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders describes several means of treating autism-related speech-language disorders.

Teaching Kids With Autism The Art of Communication- NPR
Baltimore's Kennedy Krieger Institute has launched a program called Building Up Development of Socialization (BUDS) in the hope of helping autistic children to improve their social skills.

DVD Helps Kids With Autism Read Faces, Emotions- NPR
A team of researchers at the Autism Research Centre at the University of Cambridge has created a DVD called The Transporters that uses animated vehicles to teach autistic children how to better read faces and emotions. The DVD includes a series of five-minute episodes, each of which is devoted to one emotion.

Infants Recognize Voices, Emotions by 7 Months
Yale's Dr. Rhea Paul discusses research news on NPR: Infants Recognize Voices, Emotions By 7 Months.

Faculty and Guest Bios

Bio Profile

Rhea Paul, PhD, CCC (SLP)

Education

PhD, University of Wisconsin, 1981

Research Interests

Autistic Disorder; Child Language; Child Psychiatry; Communication Disorders; Psychiatry and Psychology; Speech Perception



Rhea Paul, Ph.D., CCC-SLP is Professor and Director of the Communication
Disorders section in the Developmental Disabilities Clinic. She received her
Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1981, and has taught language
development and disorders in children for over 25 years. She is author of over 70 articles in
refereed journals and seven books. At the Child Study Center, she heads the
Laboratory for Developmental Communication Disorders within the Autism Program,
where she conducts...

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