We are pleased to announce that Principal Investigator Dr. Nils Petersen has been awarded our newest K23 grant from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke(NINDS). The K23NS110980 grant, “Precision blood pressure management after endovascular stroke therapy based on real-time autoregulation measurements,” began on 9/1/20 and was awarded for 5 years (to 8/31/25).
Dr. Nils Petersen, MD is a physician-scientist with specialized knowledge of human cerebral hemodynamics investigating the personalized, autoregulation-guided blood pressure management after ischemic stroke. About 40% of patients with ischemic stroke due to intracranial large-vessel occlusion (LVO) are rendered non-ambulatory, bedridden or deceased despite treatment with endovascular thrombectomy. Abnormalities in cerebrovascular autoregulation in the acute phase of LVO stroke increase the risk of secondary brain injury from relative cerebral hypo- or hyperperfusion. Thus, autoregulation-guided, personalized blood pressure management presents a promising alternative to the current practice of targeting fixed thresholds. By providing a more favorable physiologic environment for the injured brain, the autoregulation-guided approach may reduce secondary brain injury and improve outcomes. Preliminary data obtained by Dr. Petersen have demonstrated the feasibility of a research plan that uses near- infrared spectroscopy and real-time data processing to identify a patient-specific blood pressure range that yields optimal brain blood flow. This research proposal will evaluate if blood pressure management outside personalized limits of autoregulation increases the risk for neurologic worsening from infarct progression or hemorrhagic transformation, leading to increased rates of unfavorable outcome (Aim 1). Next, the research will evaluate the effectiveness of therapeutic blood pressure interventions and explore the feasibility of an intervention protocol targeting a personalized blood pressure range (Aim 2).
Under the expert mentorship of Dr. Kevin Sheth, Chief of Neurocritical Care at Yale, Dr. Randolph Marshall, Director of Stroke Division at Columbia University, and Dr. Cynthia Brandt, Director of Medical Informatics at Yale, this K23 award will allow Dr. Petersen to 1) acquire skills in informatics, advanced signal processing and machine learning in order to enhance current methods of quantifying cerebral autoregulation, 2) develop expertise in clinical trial design, 3) build a research group dedicated to discovery and clinical evaluation of physiology-based individualized treatment strategies after stroke, and 4) foster inter-institutional collaboration and data-sharing. This proposal will leverage Yale’s cutting-edge neuro-monitoring technologies along with extensive informatics and research resources from the Yale Center for Clinical Investigation to generate new insights into cerebral hemodynamics and identify treatment opportunities. At the conclusion of this award period, Dr. Petersen will be well-positioned to become an independently funded investigator, conducting high-quality research in the area of cerebral hemodynamics. His long-term goal is to use neuro-monitoring to develop physiology-based, personalized, early interventions to reduce the disability and morbidity associated with stroke.
Congratulations to Dr. Petersen on this long-awaited K23 award, and all the best of luck as you continue your career as a physician-scientist in Neurology.