Geneticist Sidi Chen Receives Large Award Which Will Further His Breast Cancer Work
This Department of Defense award goes to the “best and brightest in their fields,” and recognizes “creative and innovative individuals.” Investigators are chosen for their ability “to go beyond conventional thinking” in their respective areas of expertise.
Yale Scientists Help Immune System Find Hidden Cancer Cells
Cancer cells are masters at avoiding detection, but a new system developed by Yale Cancer Center scientists can make them stand out from the crowd and help the immune system spot and eliminate tumors that other forms of immunotherapies might miss, the researchers report Oct. 14 in the journal Nature Immunology.
New Tool Helps Find Genetic Culprits in Cancer’s Spread
The ability of cancer to establish itself in distant parts of the body — called metastasis — causes 90% of deaths from solid tumors. Metastasis is the result of complex genetic interactions that have proven difficult for scientists to study. Now Yale researchers have devised a way to identify some of the most dangerous of those interactions.
PFAS and Phenols Linked to Different Cancers in Women of Different Races
A new federally-funded study in the Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology has found that compounds called phenols, and the synthetic chemicals PFAS, were linked to different kinds of cancer in white women and women of color. PFAS were linked to ovarian and uterine cancers mainly in white women, and phenols were linked more to breast cancer in non-white women. Phenols and PFAS are found in hundreds of daily consumer products. The researchers stated that the racial differences are particularly impactful because of racial disparities in exposure to these chemicals. Nicole Deziel, member of the Yale Cancer Center and associate professor of epidemiology (environmental sciences) at Yale School of Public Health, who is not associated with the study, said the findings “provided a lot of new information suggesting that exposure to PFAS could be associated with a variety of hormonally related cancers, particularly in women.”Source: CT Public Radio
AI More Accurately Identifies Patients With Advanced Lung Cancer Who Respond to Immunotherapy
Researchers compared AI-powered digital scoring with traditional manual scoring of the PD-L1 immune biomarker to determine if a new immunotherapy treatment, atezolizumab, could benefit patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer.
Breakthrough Targeted Therapy Approach for Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Helps Patients With a Genetic Mutation Live Longer
Yale Cancer Center researchers at Yale School of Medicine discovered that patients with stage III NSCLC and an EGFR genetic mutation had improved survival outcomes with epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR TKIs) after being treated with chemoradiation.