Yale launches five-year study of origins of autism
Yale researchers will study the development of functional brain connectivity during late pregnancy to early adolescence thanks to a five-year, $12.4 million grant from Autism Centers of Excellence Program, part of efforts by the National Institutes of Health to understand the origins of autism spectrum disorders (ASD).
Brain impairments in premature infants may begin in the womb
Even before they are born, premature babies may display alterations in the circuitry of their developing brains, according to a first-of-its kind research study by Yale School of Medicine researchers and their colleagues at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and Wayne State University.
Levels of key brain chemicals predict children’s reading ability
Reading-impaired young children have higher levels of the metabolites glutamate and choline in their brains, and these higher levels continue to be indicative of difficulties in developing typical reading and language skills, a Yale study has found. The study appears in the Journal of Neuroscience.
Umar Salimi, MD Wins First Place in Basic Science at 17th annual Respiratory Diseases Young Investigators Forum
Umar Salimi, MD, research fellow in Pediatric Critical Care Medicine, has won first place in basic science for his presentation in the 17th annual Respiratory Diseases Young Investigators Forum, entitled “Effects of Bacterial Elastase on Alveologenesis Following Neonatal Pneumonia.” Salimi’s project, mentored by Charles Dela Cruz, MD PhD, investigates the mechanisms by which bacterial infection impacts lung development.Source: National Jewish Health
Birth Outcomes Improved Through Expect With Me Group Prenatal Care
Expectant mothers who received group prenatal care through Expect With Me, a program co-developed by the Yale School of Public Health, had significantly better birth outcomes than their peers receiving traditional one-on-one prenatal care, a new study finds.
Helping Our Students Achieve ‘Post-Traumatic Growth’
At any point in time, 1 in 5 children under the age of 18 are in need of behavioral-health services, and 80 percent of those children do not have access to the care they need. These numbers are now higher. Since the end of March 2020, nationwide and around the world, behavioral-health visits to emergency rooms for issues including anxiety, depression, and suicidality among children have been climbing steadily.Source: Education Week
Scientific Team, Including YSPH Researcher, Warn Against Use of Acetaminophen by Pregnant Women
A team of 13 scientists — including one from the Yale School of Public Health — are cautioning against the use of pain relievers with acetaminophen by pregnant women, citing a growing body of research that suggests the drug might alter fetal development.
A Path Marked by “Firsts”: Marietta Vazquez, MD
Marietta Vazquez, MD, professor of pediatrics and associate dean for medical student diversity, carved her own path. Her last 27 years have been marked by hard work, personal and professional growth, and a return to her roots. Along her path, she earned a lot of “firsts,” becoming the first Latina to be named by the U.S. Secretary of the Department of Health and Human Services to be a voting member of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, responsible for developing vaccine policy; the first Latina Vice Chair in the department of Pediatrics; and now the first Latina to be named Associate Dean at Yale School of Medicine.
Yale Study Finds Black Children Most Likely to be Physically Restrained in Emergency Department Visits
A new paper by Yale researchers finds racial disparities in the use of physical restraints on children who are admitted to the emergency department. Black children are more likely than White children to be subdued with restraints during ED visits, the study finds.
Yale Geneticist With Rare Disease to Build Pediatric Cell Atlas of Skeletal Muscle
A $3 million grant from the Chan Zuckerberg Initiative, awarded to a team of researchers led by Monkol Lek, PhD, assistant professor of genetics at Yale, will support Lek and his team in creating a Pediatric Cell Atlas of Skeletal Muscle — a roadmap of healthy skeletal cells and how they change at four key age group milestones between the ages of zero and 18 years.
Yale Study Reveals Social Media Habits of Black Teen Girls and Guides Risk-reduction Video Game
To support the development of a multiplayer risk-reduction videogame for Black teen girls, researchers at Yale conducted a study that sheds light on the social media habits of these teens in evaluating and choosing potential romantic partners. The results were published in the July 24 issue of Social Media & Society.
Fetal Alcohol Exposure Data Underscore Need for Public Health Interventions
While alcohol consumption during pregnancy may result in harm to developing embryos and fetuses, a new study led by the Yale School of Public health finds that a significant number of pregnancies that result in live birth still involve alcohol exposure.Source: Yale News
Donation Creates Diversity, Equity, Inclusion Fund at the Yale School of Public Health
The Yale School of Public Health’s ongoing efforts to promote diversity, equity and inclusion received a substantial boost recently with a generous donation from Dr. Pilar Vargas and her husband Dean Sten H. Vermund.
Parental Birth Abnormalities and Offspring’s Autism Linked
In a study of medical registry records of nearly 400,000 parent-child pairs from Denmark, a Yale School of Public Health study found that parents who themselves born very prematurely are nearly twice as likely to have children with autism spectrum disorder.
Pandemic Creates Greater Financial, Physical And Mental Burdens On Conn. Diabetics
Managing a lifetime disease like diabetes often comes with a high price tag and can take a toll on someone’s mental health. Connecticut advocates and providers said adding in a global pandemic has left patients dealing with an even heavier burden of financial, physical and mental health needs.Source: WNPR
Parental Age Linked to Increased Autism Spectrum Disorder Risk in Children
In a recent study published in JAMA Network Open, “Association of Grandparental and Parental Age at Childbirth With Autism Spectrum Disorder in Children,” a Yale researcher, Dr. Zeyan Liew, and collaborators, investigated ages of parents and grandparents to estimate associations for increased risk for autism spectrum disorders in children using data from health registries available in Denmark. Advanced parental ages have been associated with autism spectrum disorders in children, but scientists are trying to understand the mechanisms to explain the associations. Dr. Liew, from the Yale Center for Perinatal, Pediatric and Environmental Epidemiology, suggested that the age of grandparents at the time of the birth of the parents and future risk for autism spectrum disorders in the grandchildren may indicate possible transmission of autism spectrum disorder risk across generations.Source: HPCLive (R) Intellisphere, LLC